Unapologetic Review – Part 5: The Meaning of “Faith”

The Beating Heart of UnapologeticThe heart of the book Unapologetic is Chapter 5:  "Why Philosophy of Religion Must End", and the heart of Chapter 5 is the Ten Reasons that Loftus gives for this conclusion (in the subsection of Chapter 5  titled "Why Philosophy of Relgion Must End," on pages 131-135), and the heart of the Ten Reasons is in Reason #9 (on page 135).  And at the heart of the argument given as Reason #9 is this premise:...faith-based reasoning must end.  (Unapologetic, p.1 … [Read more...]

Unapologetic Review – Part 4: More Effort Required

"Communication is Hard"My wife is a very intelligent woman.  I enjoy discussing religion, politics, and philosophy with her.  When I lay out an argument, either for my own viewpoint or (as the devil's advocate) for some alternative viewpoint, she almost always raises one or two sharp objections to the argument.  She is also a person of good common sense and practical wisdom.   One of her bits of wisdom that comes up often is this:"Communication is hard." This little mantra has a coup … [Read more...]

Unapologetic Review – Part 3: The Main Argument

I cannot recommend the book Unapologetic by John Loftus, because I have not carefully read the whole book yet.  But I have read Chapter 5, which I take to be the heart of the book, and I can recommend reading Chapter 5 of Unapologetic.  It is an interesting, informative, and thought-provoking chapter about the philosophy of religion.  I disagree with the main conclusion for which Loftus argues, but there are plenty of interesting ideas to ponder in Chapter 5, including the summary of ten reasons … [Read more...]

Geisler’s Five Ways – Part 9: The Supreme Moral Lawgiver

In Phase 1 of his case for the existence of God (in When Skeptics Ask, hereafter: WSA), Norman Geisler argues for the existence of  a "supreme moral Lawgiver".  The argument goes like this (see WSA, p. 22):Geisler's Moral Argument32. There is an objective moral law.33. Moral laws imply a moral lawgiver.THEREFORE:34. There is a being that is the supreme moral lawgiver.Premise (32) is a controversial claim, and so a good reason or agument is needed to support this claim.   … [Read more...]

Unapologetic Review – Part 2: The Heart of the Book

A couple of the comments on my previous post (see Unapologetic Review - Part 1) were critical about my provision of details about the general physical characteristics of John Loftus' new book Unapologetic.  The commenters did not explain WHY this was objectionable, but I suspect it is a matter of childish impatience on the part of the commenters.  I think if they had been more honest and straightforward their objections would have gone something like this: What about the key ideas and the ma … [Read more...]

Geisler’s Five Ways – Part 8: The Design of the Human Brain

The third argument in Phase 2 of Geisler's case for God is another development of his argument from design, and it has many of the same problems as the second argument in Phase 2.   Here is the third argument, sticking closely to the words used by Geisler:ARGUMENT #3 of PHASE 2  26. God designed our brains. (WSA, p.26)  27. IF God designed our brains, THEN God knows everything there is to know about the way we think.  (WSA, p.26)THUS:  28. God knows everything there is to … [Read more...]

Geisler’s Five Ways – Part 7: Argument #2 of Phase 2

Here is the second argument in Phase 2 of Geisler's case for the existence of God:ARGUMENT #2 of PHASE 221. "...the design of the universe is far beyond anything that man could devise." (WSA, p.26)22. IF the design of the universe is far beyond anything that man could devise, THEN the designer of the universe had great intelligence (when the universe was being designed).THUS:23. The designer of the universe had great intelligence (when … [Read more...]

Geisler’s Five Ways – Part 6: Arguments for the Intelligence of the Creator

Here is my version of Geisler's first argument in Phase 2 of his case for God:ARGUMENT #1 OF PHASE 210a. Only a being with great power could create the whole universe by itself, and only a being with great power could sustain the existence of the whole universe by itself  (for even just one moment).11a. There is a being that both (a) created the whole universe by itself (in the distant past), and that (b) sustains the existence of the whole universe by itse … [Read more...]