William Lane Craig: 36 Years of Equivocation – Part 4

Craig's presentation of KCA in 1979 (in The Existence of God and The Beginning of the Universe) has the following structure:I. The intermediate conclusion (the conclusion of his syllogistic argument) is stated in ambiguous language, ambiguous concerning whether there is AT LEAST ONE thing that caused the existence of the universe or EXACTLY ONE thing that caused the existence of the universe.II. Only the WEAK interpretation of this intermediate conclusion can be validly inferred from the … [Read more...]

William Lane Craig: 36 Years of Equivocation – Part 3

In comments on the previous post in this series, Scott Scheule pointed out that Wiliam Craig admits that KCA does NOT show that there is EXACTLY ONE first cause or creator (emphasis added by me): =================== Craig:Finally, we have objection4. The argument doesn’t prove that monotheism is true.I concede the point. I’ve never claimed that the argument proves that there is exactly one Personal Creator of the universe. But as you note, Ockham’s Razor enjoins that we not multi … [Read more...]

William Lane Craig: 36 Years of Equivocation – Part 2

One reason why it should be OBVIOUS that Craig's Kalam Cosmological Argument (hereafter: KCA) involves the fallacy of equivocation, is that Aquinas commits a very similar fallacy of equivocation in his cosmological arguments for God.Every (or almost every) introduction to philosophy of religion course includes at least a brief examination of Aquinas's Five Ways or Five Arguments for God.  So,  almost every philosophy student who has taken an introduction to philosophy of religion course has b … [Read more...]

William Lane Craig: 36 Years of Equivocation

William Lane Craig's Kalam Cosmological Argument (hereafer: KCA) has been kicked around for several decades now, so it is very unlikely that I will come up with some new devastating objection that nobody has previously thought of (and published).I purchased my copy of The Existence of God and the Beginning of the Universe (Here's Life Publishers, 1979), which presents KCA for a general audience, in the summer of 1982 (or 1983?) at the bookstore at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, where … [Read more...]

Jerry Coyne on Atheists Criticizing Other Atheists

On his website, Jerry Coyne yesterday wrote a blog post with the provocative question, "Why Do Many Atheists Hate the New Atheists?" The blog post seems to be the result of a book-length attack on the new atheists by C.J. Werleman (link).Now I haven't read Werleman's book or, for that matter, many other critiques of the new atheists by fellow atheists. What I found interesting was Coyne's summary of atheistic critiques of the new atheists: The critique of New Atheists by other atheists s … [Read more...]

Farewell to Dr. Richard Paul

Richard Paul

I recently received the following email with the sad news that Dr. Richard Paul had died this summer at the end of August.Richard Paul was my favorite professor of philosophy at Sonoma State University. He was a dynamic lecturer,  a terrific mentor, and a leading theorist and advocate of critical thinking.  Learning from him was the closest thing to learning from Socrates that I will ever experience.========================September 1, 2015Dear Critical Thinking C … [Read more...]

Philosophy of Religion in Secular Philosophy Departments

An unrelated Internet search somehow led me to this online copy of The Blackwell Companion to the Philosophy of Religion (2d ed.,  ed. Charles Taliaferro, Paul Draper, and Philip L. Quinn). As I skimmed the Table of Contents, I started thinking about the proper place for the philosophy of religion (PoR) in the curriculum of a philosophy department at a secular university.I think this topic is a case where the specifics matter. So let's assume (but only for the sake of argument) that this book … [Read more...]

The Slaughter of the Canaanites – Part 10

Clay Jones argues that Jehovah commanded the Israelites to slaughter the Canaanites (men, women, and children), but that this command and the obedience of the Israelites to the command was morally justified because the Canaanites deserved the death penalty for various serious crimes or sins which were violations of the laws of Jehovah (see his article “Killing the Canaanites”). Jones provides a list of the crimes or sins allegedly committed by the Canaanites which were (supposedly) deserving of t … [Read more...]