Unapologetic Review – Part 5: The Meaning of “Faith”

The Beating Heart of UnapologeticThe heart of the book Unapologetic is Chapter 5:  "Why Philosophy of Religion Must End", and the heart of Chapter 5 is the Ten Reasons that Loftus gives for this conclusion (in the subsection of Chapter 5  titled "Why Philosophy of Relgion Must End," on pages 131-135), and the heart of the Ten Reasons is in Reason #9 (on page 135).  And at the heart of the argument given as Reason #9 is this premise:...faith-based reasoning must end.  (Unapologetic, p.1 … [Read more...]

Geisler’s Five Ways – Part 9: The Supreme Moral Lawgiver

In Phase 1 of his case for the existence of God (in When Skeptics Ask, hereafter: WSA), Norman Geisler argues for the existence of  a "supreme moral Lawgiver".  The argument goes like this (see WSA, p. 22):Geisler's Moral Argument32. There is an objective moral law.33. Moral laws imply a moral lawgiver.THEREFORE:34. There is a being that is the supreme moral lawgiver.Premise (32) is a controversial claim, and so a good reason or agument is needed to support this claim.   … [Read more...]

Geisler’s Five Ways – Part 8: The Design of the Human Brain

The third argument in Phase 2 of Geisler's case for God is another development of his argument from design, and it has many of the same problems as the second argument in Phase 2.   Here is the third argument, sticking closely to the words used by Geisler:ARGUMENT #3 of PHASE 2  26. God designed our brains. (WSA, p.26)  27. IF God designed our brains, THEN God knows everything there is to know about the way we think.  (WSA, p.26)THUS:  28. God knows everything there is to … [Read more...]

Unapologetic Review – Part 1

John Loftus' new book has just been released:Unapologetic: Why Philosophy of Religion Must End(Durham, NC: Pitchstone Publishing, 2016)My copy arrived from Amazon by UPS yesterday.The text starts on page 7 (the Forward); the introduction starts on page 11, and the main body of the text ends on page 235.  There is a blank page just before the start of each chapter, and there are nine chapters, so there are 9 blank pages in the main body of the text. So, the main body of text runs … [Read more...]

Geisler’s Five Ways – Part 7: Argument #2 of Phase 2

Here is the second argument in Phase 2 of Geisler's case for the existence of God:ARGUMENT #2 of PHASE 221. "...the design of the universe is far beyond anything that man could devise." (WSA, p.26)22. IF the design of the universe is far beyond anything that man could devise, THEN the designer of the universe had great intelligence (when the universe was being designed).THUS:23. The designer of the universe had great intelligence (when … [Read more...]

Does Theism Explain the Necessity of Moral Truths?

The book, Does God Exist? The Craig-Flew Debate, contains a transcript of the debate between William Lane Craig and Antony Flew, responses by eight commentators, and final responses by Craig and Flew. Many of the commentators, including some of the theists, sharply criticized Craig's moral argument for God's existence because, they argued, some moral truths are necessary truths and so do not need an explanation. Let's call this objection UNMT (for 'Unexplained Necessary Moral Truths').In his … [Read more...]

Geisler’s Five Ways – Part 6: Arguments for the Intelligence of the Creator

Here is my version of Geisler's first argument in Phase 2 of his case for God:ARGUMENT #1 OF PHASE 210a. Only a being with great power could create the whole universe by itself, and only a being with great power could sustain the existence of the whole universe by itself  (for even just one moment).11a. There is a being that both (a) created the whole universe by itself (in the distant past), and that (b) sustains the existence of the whole universe by itse … [Read more...]

Geisler’s Five Ways – Part 5: The Gap Between Phase 1 and Phase 2

Here is my version of Geisler's first argument in Phase 2 of his case for God:  ARGUMENT #1 OF PHASE 2  10a. Only a being with great power could create the whole universe by itself, and only a being with great power could sustain the existence of the whole universe by itself  (for even just one moment).   11a. There is a being that both (a) created the whole universe by itself (in the distant past), and that (b) sustains the existence of the whole universe by itself (rig … [Read more...]