LINK: “But Theists Do It Too: An Objection To Plantinga’s EAAN” by Jimmy Licon

Abstract: In this paper, I present an objection to Plantinga’s evolutionary argument against naturalism called the theistic parity reply. Since traditional theism holds there is a great deal about the thoughts/intentions of God that is unknown to his creations, it could be that God desires that his subjects lack doxastic reliability for some good, unknown to them. If such a scenario cannot be blocked by the theist, then she must admit the probability her cognitive faculties are reliable is i … [Read more...]

The Best Argument for God’s Existence: The Argument from Moral Agency

Continuing my theme of summarizing arguments about God's existence inspired by the writings of Paul Draper, this time I have chosen to summarize an argument for God's existence, the "argument from moral agency." Draper's full argument may be found in his paper "Cosmic Fine-Tuning and Terrestrial Suffering: Parallel Problems for Naturalism and Theism." (The link will take you to JSTOR, where the paper sits behind a 'paywall,' so if you don't have JSTOR access you won't be able to read the … [Read more...]

Victor Reppert on the Argument from Evil as a Reductio

Can atheist who rejects moral realism press the argument from evil? Many theists, including William Lane Craig and Ravi Zacharias, have argued that the answer is "no." In my old critique of one of Zacharias's books, I wrote the following.Zacharias presents two objections to AE. First, he suggests that it is incoherent for atheists to appeal to evil as evidence of the nonexistence of God since objective moral evil could not exist if there is no God (p. 48). Yet, as I argued above, objective … [Read more...]

How Not to Debate ‘the’ Moral Argument: Reply to PZ Meyers

In a recent post, PZ Myers complains that a couple of atheists botched their response to 'the' moral argument for God's existence.[1] He writes:There is a common line of attack Christians use in debates with atheists, and I genuinely detest it. It’s to ask the question, “where do your morals come from?” I detest it because it is not a sincere question at all — they don’t care about your answer, they’re just trying to get you to say that you do not accept the authority of a deity, so that the … [Read more...]

A Key Assumption of TASO

In Chapter 8 of The Existence of God, 2nd edition (hereafter: EOG), Richard Swinburne defends two teleological arguments for the existence of God.  The second argument he calls the Teleological Argument from Spatial Order (TASO):1. The laws and boundary conditions of the universe are such as to make probable the evolution of human bodies.Therefore:2. God exists.Swinburne argues that (1) provides relevant evidence in support of (2), significantly increasing the probability that (2) … [Read more...]

20+ Questions for Theists

(This post was last edited on 21-Jun-12, by reorganizing the list into a more logical sequence. I apologize in advance for the inconvenience this may cause to people who have posted comments or their own articles discussing these.)As a follow-up to my last post, I compiled a list of my own questions for theists. I'm sure readers will have many of their own to add.The question "Why is there something rather than nothing" presupposes "nothing" as being  the normal state of affairs. Why … [Read more...]

Swinburne’s Teleological Argument from Spatial Order

In Chapter 8 of The Existence of God, 2nd edition (hereafter: EOG), Richard Swinburne defends two teleological arguments for the existence of God.  The first one he calls the Teleological Argument from Temporal Order (TATO).  The factual premise of TATO is that a universe governed by simple natural laws exists.  The second argument he calls the Teleological Argument from Spatial Order (TASO).  The factual premise of TASO is that a universe (governed by simple natural … [Read more...]

20 Loaded Questions

Peter Saunders has compiled a list of 20 questions for atheists. "He says he did not post these claiming atheists do not have an answer to these questions, but that there have not been any decent responses to them in the past 40yrs" (italics mine). It's one thing to say the responses were not persuasive; it's another thing to say that none of the answers are decent. Based on this description, Saunders sounds like a highly partisan apologist, not someone worth trying to convince.On the other … [Read more...]


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