The Irrelevance of Naturalistic Metaethics to Arguments from Evil Against God’s Existence

Consider the following exchange between Christi, a Christian, and Natty, a naturalist, on the problem of evil. Natty: If God exists, then why is there so much evil and suffering in the world?Christi: Well, if God exists, it's logically possible that so much of the evil and suffering in the world is due to the free choices made by humans exercising their free will. At this point, astute readers will notice that Christi has just invoked the Free Will Defense (FWD). Let's continue: Natty: … [Read more...]

What is the Conclusion of the Kalam Cosmological Argument? – Part 3

I will now examine William Craig's book Reasonable Faith, to see whether this book supports my view that the ultimate conclusion of the kalam cosmological argument (hereafter: KCA) is: GOD EXISTS (as opposed to the conclusion: THE UNIVERSE HAS A CAUSE).Since Reasonable Faith is an updated and revised version of Craig's earlier book Apologetics, most of the evidence that I previously pointed to in Apologetics in support of my view, appears again in Reasonable Faith.  Reasonable Faith ( … [Read more...]

What is the Conclusion of the Kalam Cosmological Argument? – Part 2

In the previous post on this topic, I argued that William Craig's book The Existence of God and the Beginning of the Universe (Here's Life Publishers, 1979) provides a good deal of evidence supporting my view that the ultimate conclusion of the kalam cosmological argument (hereafter: KCA) is: GOD EXISTS, and that book also provides evidence AGAINST the view that the ultimate conclusion of KCA is: THE UNIVERSE HAS A CAUSE.Now I will examine Craig's book Apologetics to see whether it also … [Read more...]

What is the Conclusion of the Kalam Cosmological Argument?

In order to understand an argument, one must FIRST understand what the CONCLUSION of the argument asserts.Since Jeff Lowder and I disagree about what the conclusion of the kalam cosmological argument (hereafter: KCA) asserts, we also disagree about the specific content of KCA.  I'm going to present my reasons for believing that the conclusion of KCA is: GOD EXISTS, as well as my reasons for rejecting Jeff Lowder's view that the conclusion of KCA is: THE UNIVERSE HAS A CAUSE.It is amazing … [Read more...]

William Lane Craig: 36 Years of Equivocation – Part 4

Craig's presentation of KCA in 1979 (in The Existence of God and The Beginning of the Universe) has the following structure:I. The intermediate conclusion (the conclusion of his syllogistic argument) is stated in ambiguous language, ambiguous concerning whether there is AT LEAST ONE thing that caused the existence of the universe or EXACTLY ONE thing that caused the existence of the universe.II. Only the WEAK interpretation of this intermediate conclusion can be validly inferred from the … [Read more...]

William Lane Craig: 36 Years of Equivocation – Part 3

In comments on the previous post in this series, Scott Scheule pointed out that Wiliam Craig admits that KCA does NOT show that there is EXACTLY ONE first cause or creator (emphasis added by me): =================== Craig:Finally, we have objection4. The argument doesn’t prove that monotheism is true.I concede the point. I’ve never claimed that the argument proves that there is exactly one Personal Creator of the universe. But as you note, Ockham’s Razor enjoins that we not multi … [Read more...]

William Lane Craig: 36 Years of Equivocation – Part 2

One reason why it should be OBVIOUS that Craig's Kalam Cosmological Argument (hereafter: KCA) involves the fallacy of equivocation, is that Aquinas commits a very similar fallacy of equivocation in his cosmological arguments for God.Every (or almost every) introduction to philosophy of religion course includes at least a brief examination of Aquinas's Five Ways or Five Arguments for God.  So,  almost every philosophy student who has taken an introduction to philosophy of religion course has b … [Read more...]

William Lane Craig: 36 Years of Equivocation

William Lane Craig's Kalam Cosmological Argument (hereafer: KCA) has been kicked around for several decades now, so it is very unlikely that I will come up with some new devastating objection that nobody has previously thought of (and published).I purchased my copy of The Existence of God and the Beginning of the Universe (Here's Life Publishers, 1979), which presents KCA for a general audience, in the summer of 1982 (or 1983?) at the bookstore at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, where … [Read more...]


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