What is Atheism?

I know this is a well-worn topic, but I think it is worth hashing over this old question one more time.First, some obvious points that many ignorant, bible-thumping, knuckle-dragging bigots are unable to grasp:1. ATHEISM is not the same as MATERIALISM (not all atheists are materialists).2. ATHEISM is not the same as MARXISM (not all atheists are Marxists).3. ATHEISM is not the same as HUMANISM (not all atheists are Humanists).4. ATHEISM is not the same as AGNOSTICISM (not all … [Read more...]

The Slaughter of the Canaanites – Principles of Justice

Clay Jones argues that Jehovah commanded the Israelites to slaughter the Canaanites (men, women, and children), but that this command and the obedience of the Israelites to the command was morally justified because the Canaanites deserved the death penalty for various serious crimes or sins which were violations of the laws of Jehovah (see his article “Killing the Canaanites”). Jones provides a list of the crimes or sins allegedly committed by the Canaanites which were (supposedly) deserving of t … [Read more...]

What is the Conclusion of the Kalam Cosmological Argument? – Part4

In the Cambridge Companion to Atheism, there is an article by William Craig in which he presents some arguments for the existence of God.One of the arguments Craig presents is the kalam cosmological argument (hereafter: KCA).  In this post I will examine that article to see whether it supports my view that the conclusion of KCA is: GOD EXISTS, as opposed to the less specific conclusion: THE UNIVERSE HAS A CAUSE. The Cambridge Companion to Atheism (edited by Michael Martin, Cambridge … [Read more...]

The Irrelevance of Naturalistic Metaethics to Arguments from Evil Against God’s Existence

Consider the following exchange between Christi, a Christian, and Natty, a naturalist, on the problem of evil. Natty: If God exists, then why is there so much evil and suffering in the world?Christi: Well, if God exists, it's logically possible that so much of the evil and suffering in the world is due to the free choices made by humans exercising their free will. At this point, astute readers will notice that Christi has just invoked the Free Will Defense (FWD). Let's continue: Natty: … [Read more...]

What is the Conclusion of the Kalam Cosmological Argument? – Part 3

I will now examine William Craig's book Reasonable Faith, to see whether this book supports my view that the ultimate conclusion of the kalam cosmological argument (hereafter: KCA) is: GOD EXISTS (as opposed to the conclusion: THE UNIVERSE HAS A CAUSE).Since Reasonable Faith is an updated and revised version of Craig's earlier book Apologetics, most of the evidence that I previously pointed to in Apologetics in support of my view, appears again in Reasonable Faith.  Reasonable Faith ( … [Read more...]

What is the Conclusion of the Kalam Cosmological Argument? – Part 2

In the previous post on this topic, I argued that William Craig's book The Existence of God and the Beginning of the Universe (Here's Life Publishers, 1979) provides a good deal of evidence supporting my view that the ultimate conclusion of the kalam cosmological argument (hereafter: KCA) is: GOD EXISTS, and that book also provides evidence AGAINST the view that the ultimate conclusion of KCA is: THE UNIVERSE HAS A CAUSE.Now I will examine Craig's book Apologetics to see whether it also … [Read more...]

What is the Conclusion of the Kalam Cosmological Argument?

In order to understand an argument, one must FIRST understand what the CONCLUSION of the argument asserts.Since Jeff Lowder and I disagree about what the conclusion of the kalam cosmological argument (hereafter: KCA) asserts, we also disagree about the specific content of KCA.  I'm going to present my reasons for believing that the conclusion of KCA is: GOD EXISTS, as well as my reasons for rejecting Jeff Lowder's view that the conclusion of KCA is: THE UNIVERSE HAS A CAUSE.It is amazing … [Read more...]

William Lane Craig: 36 Years of Equivocation – Part 4

Craig's presentation of KCA in 1979 (in The Existence of God and The Beginning of the Universe) has the following structure:I. The intermediate conclusion (the conclusion of his syllogistic argument) is stated in ambiguous language, ambiguous concerning whether there is AT LEAST ONE thing that caused the existence of the universe or EXACTLY ONE thing that caused the existence of the universe.II. Only the WEAK interpretation of this intermediate conclusion can be validly inferred from the … [Read more...]


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