God as a ‘Necessary Being’ – Part 4

Previously, I argued that it is not possible to become eternal. Recall that a person P is eternal if and only if P has always existed and P will always continue to exist. Here is a step-by-step proof showing that it is impossible for a person to become eternal:<------------|-----------|-------------->................t1...........t21. At time t1 person P is NOT eternal AND at a later moment t2 P is eternal. (supposition for indirect proof/reduction to absurdity)2. At time t1 … [Read more...]

Richard Schoenig’s New Paper: “Objective Ethics Without Religion”

Abstract: Theists frequently aver that atheism is incompatible with moral realism (the view that there are objective moral facts). This paper defends a justifiable objective moral code, termed ethical rationalism (ER), that does not depend on the existence of any supernatural being. ER is a seven-principle moral code comprising two general prescriptions: do not harm others and help them whenever feasible. It is argued that ER (and hence objective morality) is justified by the fact that all moral … [Read more...]

Craig’s Defense of Moral Objectivity in his Moral Argument for God’s Existence

William Lane Craig's moral argument for God's existence is as follows.(1) If God does not exist, then objective moral values and duties do not exist.(2) But objective moral values and duties do exist.(3) Therefore, God exists.In defense of (2), Craig offers an appeal to intuition. Here's an excerpt from one of his debate opening statements: But the fact is that objective moral values do exist, and we all know it. There's no more reason to deny the objective existence of moral … [Read more...]

Bobier’s New Paper on the Kalam Argument: “God, Time, and the Kalam Cosmological Argument”

Christopher Alan Bobier, "God, Time, and the Kalam Cosmological Argument", Sophia (May 2013).Here's the abstract:The Kalām cosmological argument deploys the following causal principle: whatever begins to exist has a cause. Yet, under what conditions does something ‘begin to exist’? What does it mean to say that ‘X begins to exist at t’? William Lane Craig has offered and defended various accounts that seek to establish the necessary and sufficient conditions for when something ‘begins to … [Read more...]

God as a ‘Necessary Being’ – Part 3

Richard Swinburne analyzes the concept of 'necessary being' into two implications (COT, p.241-242):1. It is not a matter of fortunate accident that there is a God; he exists necessarily. 2. God is necessarily the kind of being which he is; God does not just happen to have the properties which he does.In his simpler and more popular book on God (Is There a God?), Swinburne clarifies these implications further in terms of the concept of 'essential properties':But theism does not claim … [Read more...]

Did Jesus Exit? – Part 11

I will now take a brief break from answering the 44 questions about Mark, Q, M, and L.For your reading enjoyment, I bring you John Crossan's brief defense of the historicity of the crucifixion of Jesus:Jesus' death by execution under Pontius Pilate is as sure as anything historical can ever be. For, if no follower of Jesus had written anything for one hundred years after his crucifixion, we would still know about him from two authors not among his supporters. Their names are Flavious … [Read more...]

Did Jesus Exit? – Part 10

In my previous post on this topic, I argued that we need to answer 44 specific questions in order to come up with fact-based initial evaluation of Bart Ehrman's Seven Gospels Argument (SGA).The first question is whether Mark (one of the seven sources that Ehrman points us to) confirms the following attribute claim:A1. Yeshu’a was a flesh-and-blood person.Because Mark is the most extensive source of the seven, one would expect that Mark would confirm all or nearly all of the eleven a … [Read more...]

Ex-Apologist on WLC’s Critique of the Existence of Actual Infinities (Part 1)

Here. … [Read more...]


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