Naturalism, Theism, and Moral Ontology: A Reply to William Lane Craig

Abstract: This paper considers William Lane Craig’s metaethical argument for God’s existence. Roughly, the argument is that the existence of objective moral values provides strong evidence for God’s existence. I consider one by one Craig’s various reasons in support of the argument’s major premise, namely, that objective moral values and the nonexistence of God are at odds with each other. I show that Craig’s supporting arguments play fast and loose with the meaning of objectivity, and that they … [Read more...]

Biola University Offers Course on Apologetics vs. Philosophy

LA MIRADA, CALIFORNIA--BIOLA (Bible Institute of Los Angeles) University will offer a course, "Apologetics vs. Philosophy," as part of its M.A. in Christian Apologetics program, which will focus on the differences between Christian apologetics and philosophy.In a press conference with an equal number of reporters, apologists, and local Awana kids, program spokesman J.P. Moreland cited renowned Christian philosopher Alvin Plantinga. "In his advice to Christian philosophers, Alvin Plantinga on … [Read more...]

Matthew Ferguson: Ten Reasons to Reject the Apologetic 10/42 Source Slogan (2012)

The "10/42 source slogan" refers to the claim that "42 ancient sources record Jesus 150 years within his lifetime, whereas only 10 mention the contemporary Roman emperor Tiberius." Matthew Ferguson, a Ph.D. student at the University of California at Irvine, has written a detailed critique of the 10/42 source slogan.Here is an excerpt from the article's conclusion: Upon investigation of the “10/42” statistic, it is clear that Habermas and Licona exaggerated the number of authors who alle … [Read more...]

Christian Apologists Ignore the Best Objections to the Moral Argument

To be precise, there are many kinds of moral arguments for theism. The question in the title is really talking about what we might call "ontological" or "metaphysical" moral arguments, the kind which claim that we need God in order to have an "ontological foundation" for objective or absolute morality.People who defend a version of this kind of argument include a veritable "Who's Who?" of contemporary Christian apologists: C.S. Lewis (see here and here), Alvin Plantinga (see here and here), W … [Read more...]

Moreland: Christians are biased, but less biased than naturalists

According to Christian philosopher J.P. Moreland (as paraphrased by Melinda Penner), Christians are biased, but they are less biased than naturalists. In Melinda's own words: when a Christian deals with issues like science and faith, or the historicity of the Gospels, it's fair to say that he's biased in that he has a point of view, like everyone else. But a Christian's bias doesn't inform his conclusions in the same way that biases inform the conclusions of a naturalistic scientist--like Carl … [Read more...]