Decisive Refutation of the Kalam Argument

(redating post originally published on 4 February 2006)Faith and Philosophy somewhat recently (2002) published a critique of the kalam cosmological argument that I think is decisive. The paper is written by Christian philosopher Wes Morriston and is entitled, "Must the Beginning of the Universe Have a Personal Cause?", by Wes Morriston.Morriston grants that the universe had a beginning in time. However, he scrutinizes in detail the claim that the First Cause is timeless and that it … [Read more...]

William Lane Craig Admits His Debate Quotations of Anthony Kenny Are Misleading

In his popular debates on God's existence, William Lane Craig is fond of quoting philosopher of Anthony Kenny regarding the combination of atheism and Big Bang cosmology.Now this tends to be very awkward for the atheist. For as Anthony Kenny of Oxford University urges, "A proponent of the Big Bang theory, at least if he is an atheist, must believe that … the universe came from nothing and by nothing." (See, for example, here)In my 1999 debate with Phil Fernandes, I responded roughly as f … [Read more...]

What is the Conclusion of the Kalam Cosmological Argument? – Part 5

In this post I will examine the presentation of the kalam cosmological argument (KCA) found in Chapter 23 of  Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview (hereafter: PFCW) to see whether it supports my view that the conclusion of KCA is: GOD EXISTS, as opposed to the less specific conclusion: THE UNIVERSE HAS A CAUSE.Philosophical Foundations of a Christian Worldview (by William Craig and J.P. Moreland, InterVarsity Press, 2003) Chapter Title KCA is the primary argument presented in … [Read more...]

What is the Conclusion of the Kalam Cosmological Argument? – Part4

In the Cambridge Companion to Atheism, there is an article by William Craig in which he presents some arguments for the existence of God.One of the arguments Craig presents is the kalam cosmological argument (hereafter: KCA).  In this post I will examine that article to see whether it supports my view that the conclusion of KCA is: GOD EXISTS, as opposed to the less specific conclusion: THE UNIVERSE HAS A CAUSE. The Cambridge Companion to Atheism (edited by Michael Martin, Cambridge … [Read more...]

What is the Conclusion of the Kalam Cosmological Argument? – Part 2

In the previous post on this topic, I argued that William Craig's book The Existence of God and the Beginning of the Universe (Here's Life Publishers, 1979) provides a good deal of evidence supporting my view that the ultimate conclusion of the kalam cosmological argument (hereafter: KCA) is: GOD EXISTS, and that book also provides evidence AGAINST the view that the ultimate conclusion of KCA is: THE UNIVERSE HAS A CAUSE.Now I will examine Craig's book Apologetics to see whether it also … [Read more...]

What is the Conclusion of the Kalam Cosmological Argument?

Diagram from EOG&BOU

In order to understand an argument, one must FIRST understand what the CONCLUSION of the argument asserts.Since Jeff Lowder and I disagree about what the conclusion of the kalam cosmological argument (hereafter: KCA) asserts, we also disagree about the specific content of KCA.  I'm going to present my reasons for believing that the conclusion of KCA is: GOD EXISTS, as well as my reasons for rejecting Jeff Lowder's view that the conclusion of KCA is: THE UNIVERSE HAS A CAUSE.It is amazing … [Read more...]

William Lane Craig: 36 Years of Equivocation – Part 4

Craig's presentation of KCA in 1979 (in The Existence of God and The Beginning of the Universe) has the following structure:I. The intermediate conclusion (the conclusion of his syllogistic argument) is stated in ambiguous language, ambiguous concerning whether there is AT LEAST ONE thing that caused the existence of the universe or EXACTLY ONE thing that caused the existence of the universe.II. Only the WEAK interpretation of this intermediate conclusion can be validly inferred from the … [Read more...]

William Lane Craig: 36 Years of Equivocation – Part 2

One reason why it should be OBVIOUS that Craig's Kalam Cosmological Argument (hereafter: KCA) involves the fallacy of equivocation, is that Aquinas commits a very similar fallacy of equivocation in his cosmological arguments for God.Every (or almost every) introduction to philosophy of religion course includes at least a brief examination of Aquinas's Five Ways or Five Arguments for God.  So,  almost every philosophy student who has taken an introduction to philosophy of religion course has b … [Read more...]


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