Cases for God

I'm thinking about which cases for the existence of God to focus in on, for my evaluation of Christianity.  Right now, I'm thinking about examining the cases of four well-known Christian apologists:Norman Geisler William Craig Peter Kreeft Richard SwinburneI just realized that two of these philosophers are Thomists, and two are not Thomists.Geisler is a conservative Evangelical Christian, but his favorite argument for God is a Thomist cosmological argument, and his concept of … [Read more...]

What is Christianity? Part 12

Sire's First Two ObjectionsShortly after the turn of the century, the Christian apologist James Sire revised his understanding of the concept of a “worldview” and wrote a book advocating this revised understanding: Naming the Elephant (hereafter: NTE).  Some of the the key changes that Sire makes to his conception of a “worldview” are defended in Chapter 5 of NTE.  In Chapter 1 of NTE, Sire summarizes the issues covered in Chapter 5 of NTE:Is a worldview primarily an intellectual system, … [Read more...]

Does God Exist? Part 2

Here is a third option for breaking down the question "Does God exist?" (click on the image below to get a clearer view of the chart):         This is a variation on Option 2 (see the previous post in this series).In this analysis I stick with the process of simply adding on divine attributes to the creator in order to build up to the full traditional concept of God, or something close to the full … [Read more...]

Does God Exist? Part 1

The overarching question for my ten-year plan is:Is Christianity true or false?After I clarify this overarching question, the first major question to investigate is this:Does God exist?I will, of course, at some point need to address the traditional arguments for the existence of God (ontological, cosmological, teleological, and moral arguments).  But I want my investigation to be systematic, and to avoid the problem of BIAS in the selection of arguments and evidence to be c … [Read more...]

In Defense of Dwindling Probability – Part 2

I see that Plantinga's skeptical argument refers to "Dwindling Probabilities" rather than "Dwindling Probability".  Sorry about my failure to get the name of this topic quite right.I should mention that I did not learn about this sort of skeptical argument from the Christian philosopher Alvin Plantinga.  I learned about the Multiplication Rule of probablity in high school math, and then again in one of many courses on logic and critical thinking that I took in college and as a graduate s … [Read more...]

In Defense of Dwindling Probability

One claim involved in the case for the resurrection of Jesus is this:D.  Jesus died on the same day he was crucified.The truth of this claim depends on the truth of some prior claims:E.  Jesus existed.C. Jesus was crucified.A probability tree diagram can illustrate how claim (D) involves dwindling probability (for a better view, click on the image):                                                                                                                              … [Read more...]

How Many Ways to Analyze the Word ‘God’ – Part 7

My last post on this subject (How Many Ways to Analyze the Word 'God' - Part 6) was from way back in February of 2011.In that post I claimed that one can generate over 233 million definitions of ‘divine person’ from a set of just four attributes:1. power 2. knowledge 3. freedom 4. goodness Since the word 'God' can be analyzed in relation to the phrase 'divine person', this means that one can generate over 233 million definitions of 'God'.Recently in looking over my previous an … [Read more...]

Christian Philosopher Richard Swinburne on One Type of Moral Argument for God’s Existence

“Now if the basic moral principles are analytic, the existence of what they describe cannot provide an argument for the existence of God.  An argument could only take off from the truth of some or all synthetic moral truths (e.g., from the fact that it is wrong to drop atomb bombs on Japan rather than from the fact that it is wrong to kill people who will not certainly come to life again).  Now the fact that certain moral truths hold can only confirm, add to the probability of, the existence of G … [Read more...]