In the midst of the discussion on how to translate “I AM THAT I AM” into languages that don’t have a “to be” verb (like ASL), I found out the following things:
- The technical term for this kind of linking verb is copula
- One of my readers knows that Klingon also lacks “to be” and provided a possible translation
- E-Prime (short for English Prime) is a reimagining of English that cuts “to be” and all conjugations of the verb out of the language
“To be” prevents us from experiencing a shared reality; something we need in order to communicate in a sane way. If someone sees something completely different than another, our language prevents us from acknowledging the other’s point of view by limiting our perception to fixed states. For example, if I say “Star Wars is a shitty movie,” and my friend says, “Star Wars is not a shitty movie!” We have no shared reality, for in our language, truth lies in only one of our statements and we can forever argue these truths until one of us writes a book and has more authority than the other. If on the other hand I say, “I hated Star Wars,” I state my opinion as observed through my own senses. I state a more accurate reality by not claiming that Star Wars “is” anything, as it could “be” anything to anyone.
An interesting argument, but I’ve got a counterexample. The delightfulness of this portrait of the Bowdoin Tug of War team (circa 1891) doesn’t vary, no matter who views it.
Found at My Daguerrotype Boyfriend
Back to the annals of logic and precision: a college friend shared this excerpt from his logic textbook on Facebook this week:
The method of conditional proof is used extensively in everyday reasoning.
Some years ago Bill was trying to decide whether to take English 301, Postmodernism. His friend Sarah claimed that if Bill takes Postmodernism, he will not get into medical school. Sarah’s argument, when challenged by Bill, took the form of a conditional proof, combined with a proof by cases.
Suppose you take Postmodernism. Then either you will adopt the postmodern disdain for rationality or you won’t. If you don’t, you will fail the class, which will lower your GPA so much that you will not get into medical school. But if you do adopt the postmodern contempt toward rationality, you won’t be able to pass organic chemistry, and so will not get into medical school. So in either case, you will not get into medical school. Hence, if you take Postmodernism, you won’t get into medical school.
Unfortunately for Bill, he had already succumbed to postmodernism, and so rejected Sarah’s argument. He went ahead and took the course, failed chemistry, and did not get into medical school. He’s now a wealthy lobbyist in Washington. Sarah is an executive in the computer industry in California.
Returning to visual splendor: When a motorcycle show hires bodypaint specialists and yoga practitioners, the below results.
It took me a while to notice and process the construction of the human bike. Fashionably Geek has a behind the scenes video.
The classic [theory of mind] example involves two young children, Jane and John. An experimenter enters the room and hides a toy under the bed. Then she takes John out of the room and, with only Jane watching, takes the toy out from under the bed and hides it in a box. Then the experimenter brings John back into the room and asks Jane where John will look for the toy.
If Jane is very young or developmentally disabled, she predicts John will look for the toy in the box, since that is where she would look for the toy. If Jane is older, she will predict John will look for the toy under the bed. Her theory of mind has successfully predicted that John, who only saw the toy hidden under the bed, will still expect it to be there, even though she herself feels differently…
Jane’s mental algorithm looks like this:
$LAST_KNOWN_LOCATION_OF_TOY = box
Jane correctly assumes she can model John with her own mental algorithm; that is, he will think the same way she does. However, before she has theory of mind, she assumes she and John share all variables. Once she develops theory of mind, she realizes that although John will use the same mental algorithm, his variables may have different values.
Care to guess the title of this sculpture from Iceland before you scroll down?
“Memorial to the Unknown Bureaucrat” (made by Magnús Tómasson in 1994).
To close out the logic Takes, Jacob Harris wrote an interesting essay for the Nieman Journalism Lab some time ago “In Praise of Impractical Programming”
If students only take one programming course, professors want them to be able to build something when they’re done. Even MIT itself replaced the Lambda Mystery Cult in 2009 with a simplified course based on Python and robotics meant for students who might not be majoring in computer science. The reasoning was that programming itself had changed since the ’80s; developers no longer built whole systems from nothing; now they merely plugged together existing libraries to get something that worked. This is true for much of the programming work out there — but I am gloomily reminded of Prospero renouncing his magic.
And yet, I feel like 6.001 (and the rest of the gloriously impractical CS program at MIT) made me a better programmer. Its very impracticality forced me to understand the broader world of computer science instead of just focusing on a very narrow end-of-term goal, like building a website or learning SQL. This might be a mawkishly unconvincing argument, but at least I’m in good company; as usual, Paul Graham expresses this better than I ever could. I may not have used Scheme in years — in fact, I use the same practical tools as you. But I don’t just use a hammer: I know how its form was derived and how it could be adapted to new problems. I think this is what impractical computer science instruction gave me.
P.S. Hey, didja notice that, after I mentioned E-Prime, I wrote all the rest of the takes in E-Prime? (Blockquotes don’t count).
For more Quick Takes, visit Conversion Diary!