Let the Earth Keep Silence
The Sheer Sound of a Still Small Voice
Washington Allson's "Elijah in the Wilderness," 1818
"God speaks to us in a whisper," or so said an Episcopal priest I once knew. It was one of his trademark sayings, and the idea was obvious enough: if we want to discern the voice (will) of God in our lives, we had better listen carefully, because it won't come with any amplification.
While I can't say so for sure, my hunch is that all this came from a reading of 1 Kings 19. In this passage, Elijah, alone on Mount Horeb after fleeing for his life from the rage of Queen Jezebel, encounters a series of awe-inspiring events—a great wind, an earthquake, and a fire—but each time, we are told, God was not in the particular force of nature. And then, after the fire, in the words of the King James Version, comes a "still small voice."
The narrative goes on to say that at this point Elijah "wrapped his face in his mantle" and went out from where he had been hiding. Then he hears a voice that speaks to him, asks him a question, and gives him direction about what his next move should be.
The story as found in the KJV seems a bit disjointed. Elijah hears a voice, steps out from the cave, and then hears a voice that speaks to him about what he is doing and where he should be going. Is it the same voice? Was God just sort of clearing his throat the first time?
Some light can be shed on this by considering how this same story is rendered in a newer translation, the New Revised Standard Version. There, the Hebrew words that in the 17th century were translated as "still small voice" are rendered as "the sound of sheer silence." Based on my layman's knowledge of Hebrew, it makes sense: qol can be translated as "voice," but also simply as "sound"; daq can mean "thin," "small," "fine" or "sheer"; while demamah can mean "whisper," but also suggests "stillness" or "silence."
My guess is that four centuries ago, when the scholars of the day were translating the King James Version, the idea that Elijah encountered the sound of sheer silence was probably just a little too out-there for them to grasp. So they opted for "the still small voice," ignoring the fact that this translation makes the overall narrative seem awkward and repetitious.
Read the NRSV, and it's much clearer: Elijah, having already encountered the voice of God, retreats into a cave but is called out to where "the Lord is about to pass by." Then comes the excitement: the wind that could split mountains; the earthquake; and the fire. And then: sheer silence.
It is in hearing the silence that Elijah responds to, and thus is able to hear and respond to, the voice of God.
So what does this mean for you and me?
Obviously, few if any of us will ever be looking for an encounter with God in windstorms, earthquakes, and fire on the mountain. Furthermore, I doubt if you or I or anyone reading this will ever have to run for our lives because a wicked queen is out to get us. But if we decided that our lives are just not very much like Elijah's, we would be in danger of missing the point. The drama of Elijah's experience serves as a kind of metaphor or symbol of any troubled life. We all are on the run, in some way. Perhaps we're running from something like Elijah, or maybe desperately trying to reach something. And while we're running, we're going to encounter plenty of times when it seems that the wind is ripping rock apart, or the ground beneath our feet is shaking, or everything seems to be going up in flames.
Carl McColman is a Lay Cistercian, a blogger (www.anamchara.com) and the author of The Big Book of Christian Mysticism.