Patheos answers the question:

Who Do Buddhists Worship?


Buddhism is an atheistic religion, and therefore worship is not a useful concept in the tradition. This means that Buddhists do not believe in a specific god, goddess, or set of gods and goddesses who rule the cosmos. In Buddhism, nothing is eternal, so there can be no eternal deity. Similarly, one of the most basic ideas of Buddhism is that everything must come from something. This means that there is no place in Buddhism for any sort of true Creator that Western religions would recognize. There are gods to be found in Buddhism, but the gods of Buddhism are mortal, if long-lived, as well as imperfect.

Buddhists do not worship a specific god or goddess or even a pantheon of gods and goddesses, but they do have various saints and religious figures that they treat with great reverence and respect. The most famous of these figures is Gautama Buddha. Gautama Buddha, sometimes referred to as Shakyamuni Buddha, is the figure that most people in the West picture when someone describes the Buddha. Gautama Buddha was born Siddhartha Gautama in the 5th century B.C. He was born a prince, but eventually became disillusioned with the world and became an ascetic monk. This, however, did not give him the peace or clarity he was searching for. Siddhartha Gautama began to search for a new way to reach enlightenment. As he was sitting under a Bodhi tree meditating, Siddhartha Gautama achieved enlightenment and became a buddha, an “awakened one.”

Gautama Buddha is considered to be the author of the sutras that almost all Buddhists look to for guidance. While Gautama Buddha is not worshipped as a god, he is a figure worthy of great reverence and devotion in Buddhism and seen as one of the greatest, if not the absolute greatest, moral teachers in history.

Though Gautama Buddha is the best-known Buddha in the world, he is not the only one to be found in Buddhism. To be a buddha is to be a person who has attained enlightenment and an ideal state of intellectual and ethical perfection. As such, it is a state that, in theory, can be attained by anyone willing to put in the necessary work. Like Gautama Buddha, Amitabha Buddha achieved the same form of liberation and enlightenment. Amitabha Buddha is the focus of a Buddhist tradition known as Pure Land Buddhism. A form of Mahayana Buddhism most commonly found in East Asia, Pure Land Buddhism holds that those who achieve enlightenment will be reborn into the Pure Land with Amitabha. Those who achieve rebirth in the Pure Land are not necessarily liberated from the cycle of rebirth, but it is much easier to work toward enlightenment and liberation while in the Pure Land.

There are other buddhas besides Gautama Buddha and Amitabha Buddha, but these two are the most popular. There are also numerous bodhisattvas to be found in Buddhism who are seen as great teachers and beings worthy of respect. None of them is worshipped, but they are venerated and viewed with devotion. Finally, many Buddhists anticipate the Maitreya Buddha, the Buddha who is to come. This Buddha has achieved enlightenment and been reincarnated already many times, serving others as a bodhisattva. When he comes, he will be a universal teacher, bringing many to enlightenment.

Read more about Gautama Buddha here.

3/27/2021 12:09:20 AM
About About Kathleen Mulhern, PH.D.
Kathleen Mulhern is a writer, editor, historian, speaker, and professor. She teaches courses in world history, European history, and history of Christianity. She has taught at Colorado School of Mines and Regis University, and is currently an adjunct professor at Denver Seminary in the areas of Church History and Spiritual Formation. Kathleen graduated with a B.A. from Wheaton College, earned an M.A. in French Literature from the University of Denver, an M.A. degree in Church History from Denver Seminary, and a Ph.D. in History from the University of Colorado.

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