There are several theories about the assignment of the name “Mabon” to the Autumn Equinox and many historians and researchers theorize that the name was not even used until the 20th century. While the other harvest holiday names are rooted in generally agreed upon extractions from other languages, the history of the name “Mabon” amounts to a conversation that goes like this. “This is where it comes from.” “No it’s not.” “Yes it is.” “I don’t believe you.” “I don’t care.” All of the theories for how the name was derived are weak, so I give you my best High Priestessy blessings to call this wonderful season whatever you want without caring what the pretentious snobs think. Carry on, my child.
Back in Factual Land, there are two days out of the year when the Northern and Southern hemisphere receive the exact same amount of sunlight due to the tilting of the earth at a right angle to the Sun. At the two equinoxes, spring and autumn, the sun is directly over the equator, which gives us what is in the Latin language called “equinox” or “equal night.” From the point of the Autumnal Equinox forward, if you’re in the Northern hemisphere, the days will get shorter after the Autumn Equinox and in the Southern hemisphere, the days will get longer.
Since the Moon is considered feminine and the Sun is seen as the male astrological energy, male-female energy is also in balance at the equinoxes. This is reflected beautifully in the historical time of the Autumn Equinox since the work of the second harvest involved the men harvesting in the fields while the women canned and otherwise preserved the newly harvested foods for the coming winter.
The idea of the forces of light and dark changing power was an important transition for the ancient agricultural people. They used this transitional time to begin the process of closing down the year in preparation of the descent into darkness and cold. The harvested fruits and vegetables were canned and stored. Wood was chopped for the winter. Animals began to hibernate. The sale of excess harvest foods allowed for the purchase of or bartering for new clothes to keep people warm in the coming cold months. There was a rush to complete the harvest process before November 1st, after which anything remaining in the fields or woods was considered poisoned and must be left to nature. As the days become markedly shorter before the time of electric lights, there was a rush to harvest as much as possible in the shortened daylight hours. The brilliant Harvest Moon, which occurs during the Full Moon closest to the Autumn Equinox, provided additional light through the night for the harvesting efforts to continue after dark.
The last sheaf of grain harvested in the season received special treatment. The removal of the last sheaf signaled that the harvest was over. Water was sprinkled on both the sheaf and the bearer as a blessing on the coming year. The final sheaf was then fashioned into the form of a woman, called a “corn dolly,” and within her skirts, the kernels dried to provide the initial, blessed seed for the crop of the next year. She was decorated with ribbons and other adornments and placed in a position of honor near the hearth of the home of the farmer who owned the land.
In Ireland, young, unmarried girls were invited to bring in the last sheaf. Whichever one of them managed to cut it down with one swing would marry within the year. In Ireland, England and Scotland, farmers would wear a “harvest knot” on their clothing like a corsage or a boutonniere to show that their own harvest was completed.
In earlier times, the harvesting of the last sheaf was celebrated with a huge feast provided by the landowner for the workers. There would be toasts, drinking games, singing and great celebration that the major work of the harvest season was ended. During the 19th century, tensions were high between the classes and this resulted in a decline of the celebratory parties as most landlords preferred to pay their workers in cash rather than provide a huge feast.The first harvest filled the larders and was a good indicator of how the winter would go. Supplementation would come later with meat from the hunts, but the hunts could be wildly successful or sparse and undependable. If the harvest was bountiful, food for the coming winter was assured. The first harvest was the result of hard work invested by many people, each devoted to feeding the village or large farm where the crops grew. What they pulled from the gardens and fields was the result of work from their own hands and the sweat of their brow.
Autumn Equinox was celebrated as the second harvest, particularly in European countries. The second harvest begins on September 21st and comes from fruit trees, nuts, and berries that grow wild in the wooded areas. These are available for harvest without any form of cultivating on the part of the harvester. In times of a compromised first harvest, this second harvest and the hunt could save entire villages from starvation. Because of the value of these untended, ample food sources, the second harvest was a “boon” and a blessing from God and Goddess.
The second harvest was supplemental and this extra food that grew without the assistance of humans was sacred. A blessed addition to the man made harvest, it provided what was needed without being asked or encouraged to do so. People could go into the woods and pick baskets of blackberries, apples, walnuts and other delicious foods to add to the results of their own efforts.
In modern Pagan celebration of the Autumn Equinox, we honor the extra blessings that come to our life exclusive of our own efforts. It is a time to give thanks and offer our gratitude to the Deities for all we have been given so far and to welcome in the boon of the second harvest. As many of you can see in your lives now, Mabon is a time in the year when change happens. The blessings of Mabon often take the form of unexpected, pleasant experiences, a quick “save” from a difficult situation, or downright miracles.
As we ease into the Dark of the Year with Mabon as the gatekeeper, pay attention to the little “boons” you receive in your life. Say “thank you” and smile, knowing that others are on their way. As you stand in your Mabon circle, reach up and welcome the blessings that are yours and yours alone and be assured, they are coming.
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