The rich and the intellectual share many of the same temptations. They are both leaned upon by people who hope to receive something from them; in return, the rich and the intellectual both see that they have attained something which puts them in a state “above” others, and they enjoy the status they have obtained. Instead of taking what they have been given as a gift to be used for others, they turn it into a something which is to benefit themselves. This is what we can get from Konstantin Pobedonostsev. He was, himself, an intellectual, who found himself possessing a great deal of power as the chief advisor to the Tsar for the Russian Orthodox Church. When he reflected upon what he learned, he often showed insights which we must consider, insights which post-modernism would embrace; on the other hand, he was human, and found many actively opposed to him because they felt he abused his power. One can acknowledge that abuse while recognizing his genius, and appreciate the value of what he said as it relates to the world today.
Wealth sets in motion a multitude of the basest impulses of human nature. It imposes on men great responsibilities, and binds and restricts their freedom in many things. It becomes the object of exploitation, and is surrounded by a web of falsehoods of every kind. If the feelings of the rich were not benumbed, they would daily feel that their relations to men had changed, that many, even of their nearest friends, behaved no longer with simplicity; and that for a great number of the people with whom they dealt, their personalities did not exist but had been replaced by their external figure, their capital. By men of sensibility such a position is unbearable, and the rich man must possess great simplicity of heart to continue in pure and benevolent relations to the people around him, and to escape the demoralization and perversion which arise under the influence of his wealth.
Note here one of the neglected aspects of wealth: the one who possesses it becomes entirely associated with it; it becomes who they are to others, and, if they are not careful, to themselves. They become a number, the number being the amount of wealth they possesses; it is what others see in them, and they feel the need to keep to it, or to increase it, thereby becoming its slave. While money is seen as an access to power, such power often reduces the one who possesses it, turning them into a slave while they have the appearance of a lord. This does not justify their actions, if their actions are reprehensible; however, it does explain that they are, in themselves, a victim of their own wealth and we must be merciful to them even as we should be merciful to anyone else dehumanized by their wealth. They lose their personhood, as they reduce themselves to being what their wealth dictates.
Intellectuals share a similar problem.
To a similar fate is subjected another great human force – intellect, more particularly intellect above the general level, and above all, the intellect of the ruler. When an able man attains authority, when his name has become celebrated, all the basest impulses of human nature awaken in him. To approach him is an honour: he is no longer approached simply, but with the ulterior motive of appearing clever and awakening his attention. When the clever man is in fashion there is no baseness too low to put on the mask of ability, and to display before him all the affectations of which baseness Is capable. The consciousness of this falsehood and affectation would be intolerable, and would force him to avoid his kind if he were not himself the victim of similar weaknesses. Thus, too often we find clever men who, accustomed to the affectation of others, poses before their subordinates with all the absurdities of little minds, and find more pleasure in such society than in the society of their equals. Few minds are free from this weakness.
Wealth and intellect are gifts. They are meant to be used by the person who has them, not for themselves, but for the sake of others. As with all gifts, they provide a means of personal salvation if one uses them properly, but they contain, within them, the path to perdition for those who become entrapped by the pleasures they provide. One of the problems we find in the United States today is that the wealthy and the intellectual, for the most part, do not transcend themselves; they do not overcome, but rather, embrace the temptations which come with their gifts. The result is, as we should expect: society is falling apart, and the few people willing to take it on suffer greatly as they receive little to no consolation. They give themselves to a public which ignores them, making them wonder, what use the world has for their contribution. It is because they love others they go on, but they are human too, and though they work for others without expectation of adulation they do need consolation; without it, they will end up in a state of despair, and the little they give to help prevent social collapse might vanish and everyone will suffer as a result.