Is There Really a Devil?

P. Sufenas Virius LupusBy P. Sufenas Virius Lupus

Yes, there is "a" devil -- in fact, there are tons of them, and they're called daimones. But, they are not responsible for evil, nor are the gods.

Just as it is my belief that Iao Sabaoth (the Jewish god), Jesus, and Allah all exist, but are not what the proponents of the monotheistic religions think they are (nor are they all the same), so too do I believe that what those religions refer to as devils do exist, but they're not quite what they think they are. There isn't one big one who is in charge in a way comparable to the one god of those faiths. Daimones can have negative and even malevolent feelings toward humans, and can be selfish, wantonly destructive, erratic, and harmful. They can even be the unwitting scapegoats for human failings and the very epitome of the "rejected other," which would put them in a mind to not be very favorable or loving toward humans in the first place. They can also be much better than that, both by nature and if approached equitably and dealt with fairly. If we would deal equitably with our fellows, we should likewise do so to the various types of divine beings, up to and including daimones, as equally as gods, ancestors, and nature spirits.

The question of evil, though, is one entirely of human making, and the origin of evil would tend to be human in almost every case. A tsunami killing hundreds of thousands of people and causing untold damage across nations is not evil; it's simply something unfortunate that happened. Government officials not providing aid to hurricane victims in their own country, particularly when they could have prevented some of the worst damage beforehand, however, is evil, because it involved an active volition on the part of humans to be indifferent to the sufferings of others. It involved the choice not to act to remedy the situation when they were fully capable of doing so.

Human will and choice is where most of the good and the evil in the world starts. And, perhaps more frightening than any devil and more awesome than any god, is the fact that we have the potential to be both of these things almost at all times.

If you want to know what evil looks like, you need look no further than your own mirror. And, if you want to know what good looks like, you need look no further than that also.

Read more from: Is There Really a Devil?


P. Sufenas Virius Lupus is a founding member of the Ekklesía Antínoou, the author of The Phillupic Hymns (2008), and blogs at Aedicula Antinoi.

10/18/2010 4:00:00 AM
  • Pagan
  • Devil
  • Evil
  • What Do I Really Believe
  • Paganism
  • About