Is it torture?
If it is torture but in some cases it could foreseeably prevent an altercation with greater likelihood of long term physical damage could it be justified nonetheless? Is it only unjustified when applied to non-violent protesters, as we have seen in a troubling fashion of late, or does using a torturous level of pain to force compliance make it unjustifiable in any case whatsoever? Should pepper sprays, including mace, be made illegal as a weapon of torture?
Amidst the much warranted outrage over various police tactics, I am interested in your thoughts on what constitutes torture and what, if any, tactics for forcing compliance with law could ever be moral or democratic?