This semester I have been teaching Philosophy of Religion using John Shook’s superbly thorough, systematic, incisive, and critical summation of the arguments for and against the existence of God, The God Debates: A 21st Century Guide for Atheists and Believers (and Everyone in Between). The book is impressive enough that I would give it the endorsement that “if you only read one book on the existence of God, read The God Debates: A 21st Century Guide for Atheists and Believers (and Everyone in Between).”
Yesterday, Shook made the case that proving the existence of God is impossible. The core of his argument:
1. Humans will never have the cognitive capacity to directly understand anything with infinite powers or qualities.
2. Humans will never have intellectual reasons to indirectly demonstrate the existence of anything with infinite powers or qualities.
3. There are only two kinds of proofs for God: direct understanding or indirect demonstration.
Conclusion: Humans will never have any proofs for God.