Philosophers’ Carnival #151

At the blog Error Statistics Philosophy Deborah G. Mayo shows how philosophers of science can be, and once were, much more relevant to the sciences than they are at present.

At Flickers of Freedom Bruce N. Waller, a compatibilist and the author of Against Moral Responsibility, distinguishes two approaches to conceptualizing compatibilist free will: reason-responsive theories, which “account for free will in terms of an agent’s responsiveness to an adequate spectrum of reasons”, and mesh theories, which “account for free will in terms of a harmoniously functioning mesh of psychic subsystems collectively generating action”. He then gives arguments in favor of his reason-responsive theory.

Daniel Mullin’s Unemployed Philosophers Blog is an excellent resource for philosophers pursuing careers outside of academia. He recently interviewed me for his podcast. In the interview I talked about how I built a relatively well-read and paying blog, my ideas for how philosophical counselors can meet the needs of people recovering from religion, and my small group interactive online video classes for non-matriculated students which anyone can join. For my first semester running these entirely independent classes I had 11 students commit to the full semester. I am now signing up summer students, using this survey to determine what courses students want and what time slots fit their schedules.

Clayton Littlejohn at Think Tonk discusses Donald Davidson’s view that between the sentences “The short circuit caused the fire” and “Because there was a short circuit, there was a fire” there is a difference in logical form. Littlejohn takes away from this the idea that “we should think of causal relations as holding between events and causal explanatory relations as holding between something else entirely” and queries this proposition.

At the language and logic philosophy blog SprachlogickTristan Haze explores the prospects for a non-indexical, externalist, formulation of presentism. Alexander Pruss also deals with the question of eternalism or presentism this month.

At the blog Ethical Realism, James Gray defends the oft maligned idea that there can be such things as philosophical experts.

At M-Phia blog dedicated to mathematical philosophy, in a post called “Fermat, set theory, and arithmetic”, guest blogger Colin McLarty, explains his current work on the foundations of mathematics in just 1000 words. McLarty is Truman P. Handy Professor of Intellectual Philosophy and professor of Mathematics at Case Western Reserve University.

At The Splintered Mind, Eric Schwitzgebel wonders whether he has been harmed by philosophy after he spends a day lost in radical skeptical worries that he has a Boltzmann brain or, perhaps, is living in a simulation.

John Danaher of Philosophical Disquisitions has a two part discussion of Thomas Nagel’s famous article “The Absurd”, about whether life is absurd.

The next Philosophers’ Carnival will be on June 10 at SirisSubmit a philosophical post you write in the next month by using this form.

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About Daniel Fincke

Dr. Daniel Fincke  has his PhD in philosophy from Fordham University and spent 11 years teaching in college classrooms. He wrote his dissertation on Ethics and the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche. On Camels With Hammers, the careful philosophy blog he writes for a popular audience, Dan argues for atheism and develops a humanistic ethical theory he calls “Empowerment Ethics”. Dan also teaches affordable, non-matriculated, video-conferencing philosophy classes on ethics, Nietzsche, historical philosophy, and philosophy for atheists that anyone around the world can sign up for. (You can learn more about Dan’s online classes here.) Dan is an APPA  (American Philosophical Practitioners Association) certified philosophical counselor who offers philosophical advice services to help people work through the philosophical aspects of their practical problems or to work out their views on philosophical issues. (You can read examples of Dan’s advice here.) Through his blogging, his online teaching, and his philosophical advice services each, Dan specializes in helping people who have recently left a religious tradition work out their constructive answers to questions of ethics, metaphysics, the meaning of life, etc. as part of their process of radical worldview change.