Discussing evolution always seems to be a touchy subject, and even more so if the person you are discussing it with does not believe in it.
The most common instance of evolution denial is religion. Not all religions, mind you, but a great majority of them do promote creationism and young earth creationism (the idea that the Earth is less than 10,000 year old). When discussing evolution with creationists, one often hears rebuttals such as “I am no monkey!” or “Science just wants to disprove god!” and, very popular these days, “Evolution is just a theory!”
Luckily, none of those statements is accurate. Thus, you are not a monkey, evolution has nothing to do with god, and theory does not mean what some think. These issues and more are addressed beautifully in Francisco José Ayala’s book Am I a Monkey? Six Big Questions about Evolution.
Ayala, a Spanish-American biologist and philosopher at the University of California, Irvine, is a former Dominican priest and the winner of a Templeton Prize.
In this book, he responds to six of the most commonly asked questions and misunderstandings about the theory of evolution. I don’t want to rob the reader of discovering all six, but he covers such topics as these: Am I a monkey, do all scientists believe in evolution, and maybe a more sensitive subject, is evolution compatible with religion?
Throughout the book, Ayala answers these questions in a way that anyone can understand. He spells out each definition, helps you understand how DNA and RNA work and what replication is. He explains what a theory is in the scientific community and why scientists accept this theory overwhelmingly. Even more importantly, he explains exactly why evolution is a fact.
My only gripe about this book was how he addressed religion and gods. I felt Ayala tried too hard to be all inclusive of religious beliefs by downplaying any controversy between religion and science. While I believe Ayala is right—evolution does not have to be an enemy of religion—he gives too little weight to the damage done to scientific education because of religions’ combativeness toward evolution.
This is a book you can easily recommend to a friend or family member struggling to understand the theory of evolution, and you can surely recommend it to a religious friend or family member because Ayala’s gentleness toward religion won’t turn them off. I also highly recommend it to any reader. No matter how much you understand about the theory, reading this book will allow you to find new ways to explain evolution to someone who may not even have a basic understanding of the scientific method. I consider it to be educational for all, from grade school to PhD level. It leaves nothing out for those curious about how humans and all life on earth came to be.
- This guest post was written by DAN AREL, a writer, speaker and secular activist who focuses on secular parenting and science education. Dan’s Blog | About Dan | Dan on Twitter | Dan on Facebook
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