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Are Churches More Like Charities or Country Clubs?

Christian apologetics and atheismMost churches do good works—soup kitchens, food banks, and so on—so they’re like charities. But they also provide a social connection like a country club. Which is the better fit?

Let’s look at the financial statements of organizations that are clearly charities. The American Red Cross has an annual budget of $3.3 billion. Of this, 92% goes to program services, with the rest going to “management and general” and “fundraising.” Or Save the Children—91% of its $450 million budget goes to program services. Or World Vision—85% of $1 billion. Or the Rotary Club of Eagle Grove, Iowa—100% of $3.3 million.

Organizations that help the disadvantaged are just one kind of nonprofit. The ACLU (86% of $70 million) defends individual rights and liberties. Or, for an organization on the other side of the political aisle, take the Alliance Defense Fund (80% of $32 million).

Surely many country clubs host bake sales for good causes, organize projects that help charities, or even donate money, but let’s assume that the good works done to society by country clubs amounts to a few percent of income or less. We have 80 to 100% of revenue going to good works for regular nonprofits vs. (say) 2% for country clubs—that’s why donations to nonprofits are tax exempt and dues to country clubs are not.

How do churches compare? The short answer is, we don’t know. With very few exceptions, the financial statements of churches and religious ministries are not available to the public.

But there are estimates. For example:

Every year churches collect some $100 billion in donations. But most donors do not know that the average congregation in the U.S. gives only two percent of donated money to humanitarian projects. Some 98% goes to pay staff, upkeep of buildings, the priest’s car, robes, salary and housing.

This came from Roy Sablosky. But he’s on the board of the American Humanist Association of Greater Sacramento. Might he be biased?

Christianity Today is another source. A survey gave this breakdown of the average church budget: 43% for salaries, 20% for facilities (mortgage, etc.), 16% missions, 9% programs, 6% administration and supplies, 3% denominational fees, 3% other.

So where is the money to good works? Presumably “missions” includes this, but this is a nebulous category. A dollar spent on the First Baptist Church soup kitchen certainly counts as a charitable expense, but the dollar spent supporting a missionary doesn’t.

That estimate of 2% to humanitarian projects may not be too far off.

These survey numbers are suspect in my mind because less than a quarter of the 1,184 surveys were returned. Did churches who were embarrassed by their numbers—perhaps the fraction devoted to salaries or facilities was even higher—not bother to respond? I’d like to have more reliable numbers, but when they’re kept secret, we simply don’t know.

What are churches embarrassed about that they need to make up excuses to avoid showing how they spend their tax-exempt donations? Again, it’s hard to tell. But there are estimates:

The January 2011 issue of the International Bulletin of Missionary Research reported that Christian religious leaders will commit an estimated $34 billion in financial fraud in 2011.

(I presume that’s worldwide, not just in the U.S.) And that’s just fraud. The money going to inflated salaries, lavish living, and other embarrassing expenses may be a far larger amount.

There are groups within Christianity that are also working on financial transparency. For example, MinistryWatch said,

We wish Senator Grassley success in his quest for the truth [in his investigation of six high-profile televangelists]. It is time for these televangelists to come clean; otherwise it could seem that they are running nothing more than money laundering schemes in the name of Christ.

But MinistryWatch has an uphill battle. They’re told by fellow Christians that it’s not right for anyone to judge, that it’s not Christian to be critical, that examining a ministry shows distrust in God, and that they should focus on God and not the works of man.

But shouldn’t churches be on the forefront of modeling what’s right within society? When pastors enumerate all that’s bad with American society today, the list should include the financial secrecy of their own organization.

The overseer must be above reproach as God’s steward
— Titus 1:7

See the first post in this series: What do Churches Have to Hide?

Photo credit: Wikimedia

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  • nakedanthropologist

    “But MinistryWatch has an uphill battle. They’re told by fellow Christians that it’s not right for anyone to judge, that it’s not Christian to be critical, that examining a ministry shows distrust in God, and that they should focus on God and not the works of man.”

    I find this idea of “you shall not criticize” to be a real problem in Christianity, and it is one of the reasons I left the faith. In my opinion, criticism is a good thing. A person can believe in whatever he or she wants, but its our actions that actually effect our fellow humans and the world around us. Criticism and drawing attention to harmful actions is one step towards correcting them. It has been my observation that many American Christians have a very strong group identity, and criticism of faith-based actions, even when extremely harmful, are considered inherently insulting and off-limits. We see this often on atheist and liberal Christian blogs, where a [liberal Christian] person will claim “we’re not all like that” in response to some fundamentalist position that they disagree with. However, the actual position – why it is or can be harmful, who it hurts, and what we should do about it is not usually the main point of the response. It seems (at least to me) that the person responding is more interested in defending the idea that Christianity is or can be good, that the offending party is doing it [Christianity] wrong, rather than specifically stating that the action is wrong and should be counter-acted. Not everyone does this, of course – Kimberly Knight, another Patheos blogger is an excellent example of reasoned thought and compassion – but enough do.

    Why? Why not criticize if someone is doing something harmful, by word or by deed? Yes, we all have freedom of speech in the US, but freedom of speech is not freedom from criticism. And its not as if many Christians aren’t critical – they can be very critical, just not of themselves or their fellow believers. This seems very wrong to me. Please note, I’m not trying to imply that all Christians are like this nor do I think the atheist community is perfect; we can all get defensive in the face of criticism. But if I criticize another atheist or atheist organization based on something they did or said, based on factual information, then its not taken as a personal attack against atheism, but rather a critique of a specific action. Most will debate me on the merits of the criticism itself; rather than defend atheism as a great idea in spite of it. Has anyone else noticed this behavior and/or dichotomy?

    • Bob Seidensticker

      NA:

      In my opinion, criticism is a good thing.

      You’d think that the truth could take some punishment without much injury.


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