Michael Bird

Dr. Michael Bird (Ph.D University of Queensland) is Lecturer in Theology at Ridley Melbourne College of Mission and Ministry. He is the author of several books including Jesus and the Origins of the Gentile Mission (2006), The Saving Righteousness of God (2007), A Bird’s-Eye View of Paul (2008), Colossians and Philemon (2009), Crossing Over Sea and Land: Jewish Missionary Activity in the Second Temple Period (2009), and Are You the One Who is to Come? The Historical Jesus and the Messianic Question (2009). He is married to Naomi and has four children.

Academic CV of Dr. Michael Bird

Current Position

Lecturer in Theology at Ridley Melbourne College of Mission and Ministry


Bachelor of Ministries from Queensland Baptist College of Ministries (1999-2001)
Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in Religious Studies from the University of Queensland (2002).
Ph.D from the University of Queensland (2003-2005)

Teaching Experience

New Testament Tutor at Highland Theological College (Aug 2005 – Dec 2009)
Lecturer in Systematic Theology and New Testament at Crossway College (Jan 2010 – Dec 2012).
Lecturer in Theology at Ridley Melbourne College of Mission and Ministry (Jan 2013 – present)


Editor for Journal for the Study of Paul and His Letters (Eisenbrauns: 2010–2014)
Editorial board for Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus (Brill: 2007–present)
Co-editor for New Covenant Commentary Series (Wipf & Stock).
Associate editor Story of God Bible Commentary (Zondervan).


Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas
Society of Biblical Literature
Institute of Biblical Research
Fellow at the Centre for Public Christianity

Areas of Academic and Research Interests

1 Esdras (Septuagint)
Historical Jesus
Gospel of Mark
Colossians, Galatians, Romans
Pauline Chronology and Theology
Christian Origins & New Testament Theology
Epistle of Diognetus (Apostolic Fathers)
Evangelical Theology & Biblical Theology




Jesus and the Origins of the Gentile Mission (LNTS 331; LHJS; Edinburgh: T&T Clark/Continuum, 2006).

The Saving Righteousness of God: Studies in Paul, Justification and the New Perspective (PBM; Carlisle, UK: Paternoster, 2007).

A Bird’s-Eye View of Paul: The Man, His Mission and His Message (Nottingham: IVP, 2008). Published as Introducing Paul in the USA.

With James Crossley, How Did Christianity Begin? A Believer and Non-believer Examine the Evidence (London: SPCK/Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2008).

Are You the One who is to Come? The Historical Jesus and the Messianic Question (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2009).

With Preston M. Sprinkle (eds.), The Faith of Jesus Christ: Exegetical, Biblical and Theological Studies (Carlisle, UK: Paternoster/Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2009).

Colossians and Philemon: A New Covenant Commentary (New Covenant Commentary Series; eds. Craig Keener and Michael F. Bird; Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2009).

Crossing Over Sea and Land: Jewish Proselytizing Activity in the Second-Temple Period (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2009).

With Michael Pahl (eds.), The Sacred Text: Excavating the Texts, Exploring the Interpretations, and Engaging the Theologies of the Christian Scriptures (Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2010).

With Joel Willitts (eds.), Paul and the Gospels: Christologies, Conflicts, and Convergences (LNTS; London: T&T Clark, 2011).

With Joseph R. Dodson (eds.), Paul and the Second Century: The Legacy of Paul’s Life, Letters, and Teaching (LNTS; London: T&T Clark, 2011).

With Jason Maston (eds.), Earliest Christianity: History, Literature, and Theology. Essays from the Tyndale Fellowship in Honour of Martin Hengel (WUNT; Tübingen: Mohr/Siebeck, 2012).

(ed.) Four Views on the Apostle Paul (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2012).

First Esdras (Septuagint Commentary Series; Leiden: Brill, 2012).

Jesus is the Christ: The Messianic Testimony of the Gospels (Carlisle, UK: Paternoster, 2012).

Bourgeois Babes, Bossy Wives, and Bobby Haircuts: A Modest Case for Gender Equality in Ministry (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2012) [ebook].

With Gordon Preece (eds.), Sexegesis: An Evangelical Response to Five Uneasy Pieces on Homosexuality (Sydney, NSW: CEP, 2012)

Evangelical Theology: A Systematic and Biblical Introduction (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2013)

(ed.) How God Became Jesus: The Real Origins of Belief in Jesus’ Divine Nature in Response to Bart Ehrman (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2014).

The Gospels of the Lord: How the Early Church Wrote the Story of Jesus (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2014).


Romans (SOGBCs; Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2014).

A Theology of the New Covenant: Context, Community, and Canon (Nottingham: IVP, forthcoming 2014).

An Anomalous Jew: Paul among Jews and Christians (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, forthcoming 2015).

A Bird’s-Eye View of Luke–Acts (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 2016)

With N.T. Wright, The New Testament for Everyone (London: SPCK, forthcoming).


Essays in Edited Works

With James Gibson, “Quest for an Authentically Evangelical Prolegomena to Theology,” in Proclaiming Truth, Pastoring Hearts: Essays in Honour of Deane J. Woods, eds. R. Todd Stanton and Leslie Crawford (Adelaide: ACM Press, 2004), 95-106.

“Obi-wan Kenobi, Neo, and Mark’s Narrative Christology,” in On Eagles’ Wings: An Exploration of Strength in the Midst of Weakness, eds. Michael Parsons and David Cohen (Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2008), 51-62.

“Jesus the Law-Breaker,” in Who Do My Opponents Say That I Am? An Investigation of the Accusations Against Jesus, eds. Joseph B. Modica and Scot McKnight (LHJS; London: T&T Clark/Continuum, 2008), 3-26.

“Tearing the Heavens and Shaking the Heavenlies: Mark’s Cosmology in its Apocalyptic Context,” in Cosmology and New Testament Theology, eds. Sean McDonough and Jonathan T. Pennington (LNTS; London: T&T Clark/Continuum, 2008), 45-59.

“Re-Thinking a Sacramental view of Baptism and the Lord’s Supper for the Post-Christendom Baptist Church,” in Baptist Sacramentalism 2, eds. Anthony R. Cross and Philip E. Thompson (SBHT 5; Milton Keynes, UK: Paternoster, 2008), 61-76.

“Introduction: Problems and Prospects for a New Testament Debate,” in The Faith of Jesus Christ: Exegetical, Biblical and Theological Studies, eds. Michael F. Bird and Preston Sprinkle (Carlisle, UK: Paternoster, 2009), 1-11.

“The Historical Jesus and the ‘Parting of the Ways’,” in The Handbook of the Study of the Historical Jesus, eds. Stanley E. Porter and Tom Holmén (4 vols.; Leiden: Brill, 2010), 2.1183-1215.

“Sectarian Gospels for Sectarian Christians? The Non-Canonical Gospels and Bauckham’s The Gospels for All Christians,” in The Audience of the Gospels: Further Conversation about the Origin and Function of the Gospels in Early Christianity, ed. Edward W. Klink III (LNTS; London: T&T Clark/Continuum, 2010), 27-48.

“Introduction: From Manuscript to MP3,” in The Sacred Text: Artefact, Interpretation, and Doctrinal Formulation, eds. Michael Bird and Michael Pahl (Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press, 2010), 1-18.

“The Unity of Luke–Acts in Recent Discussion,” in Rethinking the Unity and Reception of Luke–Acts, eds. Andrew F. Gregory and C. Kavin Rowe (Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2010), 3-22.

“The Reception of Paul in the Epistle to Diognetus,” in Paul and the Second Century: The Legacy of Paul’s Life, Letters, and Teaching, eds. Michael F. Bird and Joseph R. Dodson (LNTS; London: T&T Clark, 2011), 70-90.

“Introduction,” in Paul and the Gospels: Christologies, Conflicts, and Convergences, eds. Michael F. Bird and Joel Willitts (LNTS; London: T&T Clark, 2011), 1-9.

“Mark: Interpreter of Peter and Disciple of Paul,” in Paul and the Gospels: Christologies, Conflicts, and Convergences, eds. Michael F. Bird and Joel Willitts (LNTS; London: T&T Clark, 2011), 30-61.

“Justification: A Progressive Reformed View,” in Justification: Five Views, eds. Paul Eddy and James Beilby (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 2011), 131-57.

“John the Baptist,” in Jesus Amongst His Friends and Enemies, eds. Chris L. Keith and Larry Hurtado (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2011), 61-80.

“Waiting for His Deliverance: The Soteriology of Judith,” in This World and the World to Come: Soteriology in Early Judaism, ed. Daniel M. Gurtner (LSTS 74; London: T&T Clark, 2011), 15-30.

“Salvation in Paul’s Judaism,” in Paul and Judaism: Crosscurrents in Pauline Exegesis and the Study of Jewish-Christian Relations, ed. Reimund Bieringer and Didier Pollefeyt (LNTS 463; London: T&T Clark, 2012), 15-40.

“The Historical Jesus and the Early Christian Gentile Missions,” in Jesus from Judaism to Christianity, ed. Tom Holmén (WUNT; Tübingen: Mohr/Siebeck, 2012), 63-86.

“The Incident at Antioch (Gal. 2.11-14): The Beginnings of Paulinism,” in Earliest Christian History, eds. Michael Bird and Jason Maston (WUNT 2.320; Tübingen: Mohr/Siebeck, 2012), 329-61.

With Sarah Harris, “Paul’s Jewish Sexuality in Romans 1:26-27,” in Sexegesis An Evangelical Response to Five Uneasy Pieces on Homosexuality, eds. Michael Bird and Gordon Preece (Sydney, NSW: Anglican Press Australia, 2012), 87-104.

“Paul’s Letter to the Romans,” in Jesus is Lord, Caesar is Not! Evaluating Empire Studies Today, eds. J. Modica and S. McKnight (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 2013), 146-65.

“Paul’s Religious and Historical Milieu,” in Missions According to Paul, ed. Robert L. Plummer and J. Mark Terry (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 2013), 17-28.

“Paul, Tertullian, and the God of the Christians: A Response to Andrew McGowan,” in What Has Tertullian To Do with Paul? Patristics and Pauline Scholars in Dialogue, eds. Todd D. Still and David E. Wilhite (London: T&T Clark, 2012), 16-21.

“Letter to the Romans,” in All Things to All Cultures: Paul among Jews, Greeks and Romans, eds. M. Harding and A. Knobbs (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, forthcoming 2013).

“Josephus and the New Testament,” in The Background of the New Testament: An Examination of the Context of Early Christianity, eds. Joel B. Green and Lee Martin McDonald (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2012).

“Jesus and the Continuing Exile of Israel in the Writings of N.T. Wright,” in Jesus as Israel’s Messiah: Engaging the Work of N. Thomas Wright, eds. Robert L. Webb and Mark Allan Powell (LNTS; London: T&T Clark/Continuum, forthcoming 2012).


Journal Articles

“The Crucifixion of Jesus as the Fulfilment of Mark 9:1.” Trinity Journal 24.1 (2003): 23-36.

“Raised for our Justification: A Fresh Look at Romans 4:25.” Colloquium: Australian and New Zealand Theological Review 35.1 (2003): 31-46.

“Should Evangelicals Participate in the ‘Third Quest for the Historical Jesus’?” Themelios 29.2 (2004): 4-14.

“Mission as an Apocalyptic Event: Reflections on Lk. 10:18 and Mk. 13:10.” Evangelical Quarterly 76.2 (2004): 117-134.

“Justified by Christ’s Resurrection: A Neglected Aspect of Paul’s Doctrine of Justification.” Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology 22.1 (2004): 72-91.

“Matthew 23:15 – The Case of the Proselytizing Pharisees.” Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus 2 (2004): 117-37.

“Incorporated Righteousness: A Response to Recent Evangelical Discussion Concerning the Imputation of Christ’s Righteousness in Justification.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 47.2 (2004): 253-75.

“Jesus is the Christ: Messianic Apologetics in the Gospel of Mark.” Reformed Theological Review 64.1 (2005): 1-15.

“The Formation of the Gospels in the Setting of Early Christianity: The Jesus Tradition as Corporate Memory.” Westminster Theological Journal 67.1 (2005): 113-34.

“The Purpose and Preservation of the Jesus Tradition: Moderate Evidence for a Conserving Force in its Transmission.” Bulletin for Biblical Research 15.2 (2005): 161-85.

“When the Dust Finally Settles: Reaching a Post-New Perspective Perspective.” Criswell Theological Review 2.2 (2005): 57-69.

“Jesus and the Gentiles since Jeremias: Patterns and Prospects.” Currents in Biblical Research 4.1 (2005): 83-108.

“The Criterion of Greek Language and Context: A Response to Stanley E. Porter.”  Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus 4.1 (2006): 55-67.

“Bauckham’s The Gospel for All Christians Revisited.” European Journal of Theology 15.1 (2006): 5-13.

“Justification as Forensic Declaration and Covenant Membership: A Via Media between Reformed and Revisionist Readings of Paul.” Tyndale Bulletin 57.1 (2006): 109-30.

“The Marcan Community, Myth or Maze?” Journal of Theological Studies 57 (2006): 474-86.

“Who Comes from the East and the West?  The Historical Jesus and Matt 8.11-12/Luke 13.28-29.” New Testament Studies 52.4 (2006): 441-57.

“The Peril of Modernizing Jesus and the Crisis of not Contemporizing the Christ.” Evangelical Quarterly 78.4 (2006): 291-312.

“Is There Really a ‘Third Quest’ for the Historical Jesus?” Scottish Bulletin of Evangelical Theology 24.2 (2006): 195-219.

“Jesus and the Revolutionaries: Did Jesus Call Israel to Repent of Nationalistic Ambitions?” Colloquium: Australian and New Zealand Theological Review 38.2 (2006): 127-39.

“‘A Light to the Nations’ (Isa. 49.6): Inter-textuality and Mission Theology in the Early Church.” Reformed Theological Review 65.3 (2006): 122-31.

“The Unity of Luke-Acts in Recent Research.” Journal for the Study of the New Testament 29.4 (2007): 425-48.

“Jesus is the ‘Messiah of God’: Messianic Proclamation in Luke-Acts.” Reformed Theological Review 66.2 (2007): 69-82.

“Reassessing a Rhetorical Approach to Paul’s Letters.” Expository Times 119.8 (2008): 374-79.

With Preston Sprinkle, “Jewish Interpretation of Paul in the Last Thirty Years.” Currents in Biblical Research 6.3 (2008): 355-76.

“Book of the Month: What Did the Cross Achieve?” Expository Times 119.12 (2008): 596-97.

“Textual Criticism and the Historical Jesus.” Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus 6 (2008): 1-24.

“Judgment and Justification in Paul: A Review Article.” Bulletin for Biblical Research 18.2 (2008): 299-313.

With Robert Shillaker, “Subordination in the Trinity and Gender Roles: A Response to Recent Discussion.” Trinity Journal 29.2 (2008): 267-83.

“What if Martin Luther Had Read the Dead Sea Scrolls? Historical Particularity and Theological Interpretation in Pauline Theology: Galatians as a Test Case.” Journal of Theological Interpretation 3.1 (2009): 107-25.

With Michael R. Whitenton, “The Faithfulness of Jesus Christ in Hippolytus’ De Christo et Antichristo: Overlooked Patristic Evidence in the Pistis Christou Debate.” New Testament Studies 55.4 (2009): 552-62.

“New Testament Theology Reloaded: Integrating Biblical Theology and Christian Origins.” Tyndale Bulletin 60.2 (2009): 161-87.

With Robert Shillaker, “The Son Really, Really is the Son: A Response to Kevin Giles.” Trinity Journal 30 NS 2 (2009): 257-68.

“Book of the Month: A Marginal Jew.” Expository Times (2010): 82-84.

“What is There Between Minneapolis and St. Andrews? A Third Way in the Piper-Wright Debate.” JETS 54 (2011): 299-309.


Entries in Reference Works

Encyclopedia of Protestantism, ed. H. Hillderbrand (New York: Routledge, 2003).
Matthiis, Jan
Theology, Twentieth Century, British.

Encyclopedia of the Historical Jesus, ed. Craig A. Evans (New York: Routledge, 2008).

Birth of Jesus
Mary Magdalene
Passion Predictions
Wilderness Temptations

Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary, eds. Tremper Longman III, Peter Enns, and Mark Strauss (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, forthcoming 2011).
Christ, Christology
Last Supper
Lord’s Prayer
Priesthood of Christ
Rome and Roman Empire
Trial of Jesus

Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, eds. Joel B. Green, Jeannine K. Brown, and Nicholas Perrin (2nd ed.; Downers Grove, IL: IVP, forthcoming 2012).
Sin, Sinner
Synoptics and John