Unitarian Universalists’ Jesus puzzlement


What do Unitarian Universalists believe about Jesus?


All sorts of things.

Jesus is a perennial puzzlement for the 221,000-member Unitarian Univeralist Association (www.uua.org), which was formed by a 1961 merger of two liberal denominations. The 19th Century forebears unhesitatingly identified as Christians, though they rejected orthodox belief in Jesus Christ worshipped as the one savior from sin and God the Son in the Trinity. By today’s standards it’s hard to believe that the 1853 declaration of the American Unitarian Association deemed Jesus’ teachings “infallible” and echoed the New Testament in declaring: “We believe in Jesus Christ, the everlasting Son of God, the express image of the Father, in whom dwelt all the fullness of the Godhead bodily, and who to us is the Way and the Truth and the Life.”

By the turn of the century, says eminent historian Martin Marty, these churches had become “part-theistic, part-humanistic.” As rationalism, skepticism, and pluralism gained leverage, the less-than-divine Jesus became less than interesting for many. Hymns had to be rewritten; for instance the well-known “All Hail the Power of Jesus’ Name” became “All Hail the Power of Truth to Save.” Demonstrating how delicate the Jesus issue is nowadays, the official “Unitarian Universalist Principles” do not name the Nazarene even as they quote him, stating that sources the UUA “draws from” include “Jewish and Christian teachings which call us to respond to God’s love by loving our neighbors as ourselves.”

Though that phrase mentions God, the UUA welcomes atheists as well as, for instance, the “Unitarian Universalist Pagans,” an officially chartered caucus since 1987 with 107 U.S. chapters. (Notably, the small “Unitarian Universalists for Polyamory Awareness,” which wants clergy blessings for polyamorous unions, is not chartered.) There’s also a “Unitarian Universalist Christian Fellowship,” with 60 U.S. chapters. One congregation in this faction, venerable King’s Chapel in Boston, states that it worships “in the love of truth, and the spirit of Jesus Christ.”

Jesus remains a person of interest in some materials issued by the UUA. Doug Muder, a columnist for the denominational magazine (and boyhood Lutheran), observes that Christianity is “a persistent minority point of view” and often “the unmentioned elephant in the room…. Say much of anything — positive or negative — about Jesus or the Bible and many UUs will look at you like you just let out a loud belch.” Muder probably speaks for many in concluding with perplexity, “I still don’t know what to do with Christianity. When I try to embrace it, it runs away from me. When I reject it, it comes back.”

If Muder is correct that the UUA majority is not Christian, nonetheless there is talk of the human Jesus as a helpful example or social reformer. Some congregations study a book about “rediscovering Jesus” that calls him a “teacher, guide, companion.”  In a British Unitarian pamphlet offering varied opinions about this question, one contributor explains, “When I look at Jesus I am not, in fact, seeing God. Instead I am seeing a reflection of God — perhaps a perfect reflection — and in this sense I see Jesus as divine. What I deny is the DEITY of Jesus. I don’t believe Jesus is God.” That’s probably so for many who still accept the “Christian” label.


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About Richard Ostling

Richard N. Ostling, a religion writer for the Associated Press, was formerly senior correspondent for Time magazine, where he wrote twenty-three cover stories and was the religion writer for many years. He has also covered religion for the CBS Radio Network and the NewsHour with Jim Lehrer on PBS-TV.

  • Jerry Lynch

    “As rationalism, skepticism, and pluralism gained leverage, the less-than-divine Jesus became less than interesting for many.”
    The same is unfortunately true for the Bible-thumpers and the American Church. It is not about Jesus but Scripture. Hermaneutics, exigesis, archeology: that is the trinity. Put your faith in the Word (that big book in your hand) and not in the very scary and dangerous hands of grace.
    The Holy Spirit, if we surrender, will “teach us all things.” No backup or supports needed, incuding rituals, traditions, statements of beliefs, and the Bible.

    We are to be–to be–as Christ was in the world: that is the sole credential of truth.

    • Palamas

      So the Bible isn’t needed? Where, then, do you come up with these notions regarding Jesus and the Holy Spirit? Do you just make them up yourself?

  • JoFro

    I believe you just also defined the Episcopal Church in America – seriously, how are they any different to Unitarians, except that they have large cathedrals and dress in a similar manner as Catholics?

  • polistra24

    They’re not puzzled at all. Unitarians are rich Marxists, mainly of Jewish origin, who want to have a “church-like” organization to help subvert actual Christians.

    Episcopalians are rich Marxists, mainly of non-Jewish origin, who want to have a “church-like” organization to help subvert actual Christians.

    Neither group has any conceivable connection to Jesus.

    • dad21jedi

      I wonder where you get your information. I’m a Unitarian, but I’m not rich, I’m far from a Marxist, I’m not remotely of Jewish origin, and I have no interest in subverting “actual Christians,” unless you mean the Fred Phelps type. Quite the contrary – my church does a lot of great cooperative work with interfaith groups, including just about every denomination of Christian church.

      • pagansister

        Well said, dad21jedi. I am a “convert” (raised Methodist) to the UU church having married a born and bred UU. Raised our 2 children in the UU church. We’re not rich, or Jewish or Marxist.

  • kzarley

    Good observation. I was a Trinitarian for 22 years. Then I examined the subject in much depth and changed to believing Jesus is not God but still my Lord and Savior. The latter is where I started my spiritual journey in the first place. So, I decided that church fathers asserted Jesus is God, and part of a triune God, because they were somewhat anti-Semitic and influenced by Greek philosophy, and that’s how they departed from the Bible on this subject. For example, in Jesus’ gospel sayings he never claims to be God, and his being the Son of God does not mean he is God. Neither do any of the evangelistic messages in Acts say Jesus is God. As for Unitarians, I think the early movement was right about this, but as a group they failed in not affirming Jesus’ atoning death. From there it was a downhill slide over the centuries to what I now think is a very non-Christian church. That’s why I call myself a “one God Christian,” in contrast to Trinitarian, rather than a unitarian. On Wednesdays, I post about this subject here a patheos.com at my Kermit Zarley Blog.