One way of arguing for atheism (in the strong sense of rejection of ALL gods) is to tell a religious believer that you accept just one less god than he/she does.  Christians, for example, are unbelievers with respect to thousands of gods that others have worshiped.  Christians do NOT believe in or worship any of the following gods: Airmid: Celtic Goddess of Healing, Medicine, and Spring. Brings the dead back to life Ama no Uzume: Japanese fertility goddess who performed the lewd… Read more

In Part 23 I begin to analyze and evaluate the five remaining arguments in Kreeft’s case for God. FIVE REMAINING ARGUMENTS Although I have already shown that Kreeft’s cumulative case for God is a complete failure, I would still like to make a few comments and objections concerning the remaining five arguments: Argument #6: The Kalam Argument Argument #7: The Argument from Contingency Argument #8: The Argument from the World as an Interacting Whole Argument #9: The Argument from Miracles… Read more

In Part 15 I begin to analyze Argument #4 of Kreeft’s case: 4. The Argument from Degrees of Perfection In Argument #4, Kreeft argues for the existence of an “absolutely perfect being”.  He does strongly hint at the single most important premise of this argument: This absolutely perfect being…is God. (HCA, p.55) The most important premise of this argument is best stated as a conditional claim: D. IF an absolutely perfect being exists, THEN God exists. Kreeft provides very little support for premise (D), so Argument #4 could reasonably be set aside as yet… Read more

NOTE: This post assumes an understanding of much of the terminology that I explain in my post, “On Reasons and What They Do?” In particular, this post uses the terms ‘reason,’ ‘objective,’ and ‘subjective’ in accordance with the explanations that appear in that article. Further, there are other important matters (such what it means for a reason to be pro tanto) that my discussion in this current posts assumes a familiarity with.  I have been writing about reasons, what they are, and what they… Read more

DOES GOD EXIST? One way to approach this question is to critically examine some cases for the existence of God.  I am especially interested in cases for God made by Christian philosophers in the late 20th century or the early 21st century.  One such case was made by Peter Kreeft: Twenty Arguments for the Existence of God   KREEFT’S CASE FOR GOD In September of 2017, I began to analyze and evaluate Peter Kreeft’s case for God in his book… Read more

KREEFT’S CASE FOR GOD In September of 2017, I began to analyze and evaluate Peter Kreeft’s case for the existence of God in Chapter 3 of his book Handbook of Christian Apologetics (co-authored with Ronald Tacelli).  In July of this year (2018), I finished examining his case for God, which consists of 20 arguments for God: Kreeft’s Case for God – Part 1: Tossing Out Four Arguments Kreeft’s Case for God – Part 2: Tossing Out Four More Arguments Kreeft’s… Read more

WHERE WE ARE AT In Phase 2 of Argument #6, the Kalam Cosmological Argument, Peter Kreeft aims to establish two claims: 4. The cause of the coming into being of the universe is eternal. 5. The cause of the coming into being of the universe was a person. In Part 30, I argued that Kreeft’s argument for claim (4) is UNSOUND and should be rejected.  In this current post I will consider and evaluate Kreeft’s argument for claim (5).  … Read more

NOTE: This post assumes an understanding of much of the terminology that I explain in my post, “On Reasons and What They Do?” In particular, this post uses the terms ‘reason,’ ‘objective,’ and ‘subjective’ in accordance with the explanations that appear in that article. Further, there are other important matters (such what it means for a reason to be pro tanto) that my discussion in this current posts assumes a familiarity with.  It is not uncommon for defenders of the… Read more

WHERE WE ARE AT In Part 29,  I criticized Phase 1 of Peter Kreeft’s Argument #6: the Kalam Cosmological Argument.  In this post, I will begin to analyze and evaluate Phase 2 of Argument #6. Phase 1 of the Kalam Cosmological Argument goes like this (HCA, p.58): 1. Whatever begins to exist has a cause of its coming into being. 2. The universe began to exist. THEREFORE: 3. The universe has a cause of its coming into being. Based on the… Read more

Here is the second premise of Argument #6 (the Kalam Cosmological Argument) in Peter Kreeft’s case for the existence of God, from Chapter 3 of his Handbook of Christian Apologetics (hereafter: HCA): 2. The universe began to exist. (HCA, p.58) In order to be able to rationally determine whether this claim is true or false, we need to first understand what it means. Based on a definition of “the universe” from Kreeft, plus some clarifications of that definition that were also… Read more

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