LINK: Dave Harker on A Surprise for Horwich (and Some Advocates of the Fine-Tuning Argument (which does not include Horwich (as far as I know)))


The judgment that a given event is epistemically improbable is necessary but insufficient for us to conclude that the event is surprising. Paul Horwich has argued that surprising events are, in addition, more probable given alternative background assumptions that are not themselves extremely improbable. I argue that Horwich’s definition fails to capture important features of surprises and offer an alternative definition that accords better with intuition. An important application of Horwich’s analysis has arisen in discussions of fine-tuning arguments. In the second part of the paper I consider the implications for this argument of employing my definition of surprise. I argue that advocates of fine-tuning arguments are not justified in attaching significance to the fact that we are surprised by examples of fine-tuning.

A preprint of this paper is available on Harker’s website, at least for now, here. Since this has been accepted for publication, free access to the article may go away soon, so download it now if you’re interested!

LINK: "Ethics and Evolutionary Theory" by Erik J. Wielenberg
LINK: A New Problem of Evil: Authority and the Duty of Interference
Ex-Apologist on Epicurean Cosmological Arguments for Matter's Necessity
Old but Fascinating: Mother Teresa Did Not Feel Christ's Presence for Last Half of Her Life, Letters Reveal
About Jeffery Jay Lowder

Jeffery Jay Lowder is President Emeritus of Internet Infidels, Inc., which he co-founded in 1995. He is also co-editor of the book, The Empty Tomb: Jesus Beyond the Grave.