Wesley Salmon |

Since Michael Martin begins his chapter on atheistic teleological arguments (ATAs) with a discussion of Wesley Salmon’s 1978 article, “Religion and Science: A New Look at Hume’s Dialogues,” let us review Salmon’s argument.[1] My goal now is simply to figure out what Salmon’s argument is; I will defer an *assessment* of Salmon’s argument until later. Some readers, especially those who are not philosophers or who are not familiar with the different interpretations of probability–may just want to skip this summary and jump straight to the later post in this series which gives the logical form of Salmon’s argument.

It is unfortunate (and inconvenient) that Salmon never explicitly stated the logical form of his argument in his 1978 article.[2] For that reason, then, I’ll attempt to provide a summary of his article, without commentary, before offering what I consider to be the logical form of Salmon’s argument.

Salmon’s article divides into ten sections:

1. The Design Argument

2. Causal Hypotheses and Bayes’s Theorem

3. Philo’s Estimates

4. The Uniqueness of the Universe

5. Order and Purpose

6. The Concept of Order

7. Modern Cosmology

8. Assessment of the Hypothesis

9. The Relevance of the Scientific Evidence

10. Postscript: Hume’s Intentions

Here is a brief summary of each section.

(1) **The Design Argument**: Salmon sets the stage for his argument by reviewing Hume’s discussion of the design argument in his *Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.* Philo, presumably speaking for Hume, focuses on “experimental theism,” viz., “the thesis that the existence of God can be approached as a scientific hypothesis, and that His existence can be established with a high degree of confirmation by observational evidence.” According to Salmon, Hume recognized that design arguments must be evaluated the same way we evaluate “causal hypotheses in science” (170).

(2) **Causal Hypotheses and Bayes’s Theorem**: Salmon’s stated preference for analyzing causal hypotheses is to use Bayes’s theorem. Let *A* be any instance of *coming-into-being;* *B *be any instance of the *operation of intelligence;* and *C *be any instance that exhibits *order or design.[3]* Finally, let *Pr-F* represent a probability value, as interpreted by the frequency interpretation of probability, viz., the limit of the relative frequency. We can then use Bayes’s theorem to analyze the proportion of entities in B which occur in the total sample space, which is defined by A & C:

The value on the left-hand side of Bayes’s Theorem, Pr-F(B | A & C), is the final or posterior probability. Salmon identifies the three values that must be known in order to determine this value:

(a) Prior probability of B: In symbols, this is Pr-F(B | A); in English, this is the probability that an instance is the operation of intelligence, conditional upon that instance being an entity which comes into being. As Salmon correctly points out, if we know this value then we can easily calculate the other prior probability: Pr-F(~B | A) = 1 – Pr-F(B | A).

(b) Likelihood of C: In symbols, this is Pr-F(C | A & B); in English, this is the probability that an entity exhibits order, conditional upon that entity being a result of intelligence, i.e., intelligent design.

(c) Likelihood of ~C: In symbols, this is Pr-F(C | A & ~B); in English, this is the probability than an entity exhibits order, conditional upon that entity *not* being the result of intelligent design.

While major figures in inductive logic disagree about the best way to interpret these probability values (e.g., classical, frequency, epistemic, etc.), according to Salmon many such figures have accepted the use of Bayes’s theorem to assess scientific hypotheses.

(3) **Philo’s Estimates**: Salmon’s belief is that Hume addressed the three types of probability values just listed in order to assess theism using Bayes’s theorem, despite Hume’s apparent ignorance of it. Salmon then proceeds to summarize how Philo assessed the requisite values to apply Bayes’s Theorem to the hypothesis of intelligent design.

(a) Prior probability of B. Salmon explained that Philo identified four types of causation:

(i) order resulting from *reproductive biological *causation (hereafter, “biological generation”);

(ii) order resulting from *non-reproductive biological *causation, e.g., bees making honeycombs, spiders making spider webs, etc. (hereafter, “instinct”);

(iii) *mechanical *causation, e.g., formation of snowflakes, galaxies, etc. (hereafter, “mechanical order”); and

(iv) *intelligent design.*

Given the sheer quantity of known entities which fall into types (i), (ii), and (iii), Philo argued, the prior probability–i.e., the limit of the relative frequency–of something coming into being as the result of intelligence is “incredibly small” while the prior probability of its denial is high (174). As Salmon points out, the quantity of entities of type (iii), includes the number of *galaxies *(10 billion), *stars *(10-100 billion per galaxy), and *atoms *(10^{50} atoms in our sun alone), is now known to be much greater than what Hume supposed.

(b) Likelihood of C. Salmon, like Hume, acknowledges this value may be “quite high,” but points out the posterior probability of B “may still be quite low” if Pr-F(~B | A) and Pr-F(C | A & ~B) are large enough (175). According to Salmon, “Philo brings out these considerations quite explicitly” (175).

(c) Likelihood of ~C. As Salmon correctly points out, Philo provided evidence that this value is not negligible, given his examples of reproductive biological, non-reproductive biological, and mechanical causation.

Salmon concludes that Hume provided arguments to justify all of the values “which appear on the right-hand side of Bayes’s theorem” (175). Accordingly, if we apply Bayes’s theorem to “an unspecified entity, which came into being and exhibited order,” the (frequency) probability that it “was produced by intelligent design is rather low” (175).

(4) **The Uniqueness of the Universe**: Based on the results of the previous section, one might be tempted to construct a Bayesian argument against theism, based upon the evidence that the universe is an object exhibiting order. Salmon correctly points out, however, the matter “cannot be settled that easily” (176): the event of the creation of the universe is a *single case.* Salmon is well aware that single case probabilities are notoriously problematic in probability theory,[4] especially for the frequency interpretation of probability, which is Salmon’s interpretation.[5] The general rule for dealing with single case probabilities, as he puts it, “is to refer to the individual case to the broadest homogeneous class available–i.e., to the broadest class that cannot be relevantly subdivided” (176).[6]

In order to select the *broadest homogeneous reference class* for the creation of the universe, Salmon says, we must carefully consider both (i) “the type of order the universe exhibits;” and (ii) “the nature of the intelligent creator hypothesized by the proponent of natural theology,” viz., the divine attributes according to classical theism (176). Regarding (i), Salmon interprets Hume as arguing that the type of order exhibited by the universe more closely resembles mechanical order than biological reproductive order (177). As for (ii), Salmon identifies the traditional set of divine attributes: a disembodied mind who created the universe and is intelligent, powerful, and benevolent (178).

Let’s suppose that Salmon is right about (i) and (ii). What, then, is the “broadest homogeneous reference class” for the event of the creation of the universe, according to Salmon? He doesn’t say explicitly. As I read him, he seems to consider three possible answers. Let us consider each in turn.

(a) The Disembodied Designer Option. Traditional theism defines God as, among other things, a disembodied mind. So this option identifies the broadest homogeneous reference class to be *artifacts produced by a disembodied intelligence.* Using that reference class, Salmon argues that “since disembodied intelligence has never operated in any fashion,” the relative frequency of artifacts resulting from disembodied intelligence is zero. Hence, Pr-F(B | A) = 0. Pr-F(C | B & A) is undefined.

(b) The Mechanical Order and Design Hypothesis without Moral Attributes Option: Let M represent mechanical order. Since M entails ~B, M is logically equivalent to M & ~B. According to Salmon, that the prior probability of mechanical order is equal to or greater than the prior probability of intelligent design sans moral attributes, i.e., Pr-F(M | A) >= Pr-F(B | A). Furthermore, the likelihood of the order exhibited by the universe is equal on *both* the mechanical hypothesis *and *the design hypothesis (sans moral attributes), i.e., Pr-F(C | M & A) = Pr-F(C | A).

(c) The Mechanical Order and Design Hypothesis with Moral Attributes Option: Let O represent the hypothesis that the intelligent designer is omnibenevolent. If we include moral attributes in the definition of the intelligent designer, Salmon argues, then the intelligent design hypothesis has a lower likelihood than the mechanical hypothesis, i.e., Pr-F(C | M & A) > Pr-F(C | O & B & A).

How does Salmon support that judgment of likelihood values? By employing a probabilistic argument about apparently gratuitous evil.[7] Salmon points out that Philo, in the eleventh dialogue, asks if empirical facts about the world are what we would *antecedently *expect on theism. Philo then lists four ways in which an all-powerful creator could have reduced the amount of evil in the world if He had wanted to: (i) pain need not be inflicted upon man; (ii) God need not have governed the world by inviolable general laws; (iii) God could have endowed human beings and other species with additional abilities to make their existence less hazardous; and (iv) God could have better designed the universe so that the “springs and principles” of nature do not run into one of the 2 extremes of “feast or famine.” Salmon concludes that Pr(B & O | A & C) is very low.[8]

If the prior probability of M and B & O are equal but M has a higher likelihood, then it follows that the mechanical hypothesis has a higher posterior probability than the moral designer hypothesis (i.e., theism), i.e., Pr-F(M | A & C) > Pr(B & O | A & C).

(5) **Order and Purpose**: In Hume’s *Dialogues, *Cleanthes’ most careful statement of the design argument “describes the universe as a ‘great machine,’ composed of a prolific array of ‘lesser machines,’ all of which are characterized by ‘the curious adapting of means to ends’” (182). In other words, Cleanthes “appeals to a teleological conception of order” in his defense of the design argument (182). Philo, however, responded to Cleanthes by pointing out that equating order and design “flagrantly begs the question” (183). Salmon contends that the theist who proclaims that the order exhibited by the universe is evidence of intelligent design must make an “a priori announcement,” an “anthropomorphic concept” which the proponent of “experimental theism” eschews (183).

According to Salmon, Hume’s eighth dialogue contains “a rather clear anticipation of a non-teleological theory of biological evolution” (183). Just as Galileo and Newton removed Aristotelian teleological conceptions from physics,[8] Salmon argues, Darwin “rid the biological sciences of their teleological elements.” Salmon concludes, “Order in the physical world, and in its biological realms, was shown to be independent of intelligent design” (183).

(6) **The Concept of Order**: In this section, Salmon delivers the clarified concept of order he promised earlier in section 3. According to Salmon, the universe exhibits two kinds of order: (i) physical objects obey physical laws; and (ii) the universe “exhibits an orderly configuration” (184).

Furthermore, Salmon writes, scientists have developed the concept of entropy, which turns out to be useful for clarifying the kind of order we find in the world. Entropy, he says, is “a measure of the unavailability of energy to do mechanical work” (185). Thus, to say that the entropy of the universe is low “is tantamount to saying that the universe contains large stores of available energy” (185). Using statistical interpretations of thermodynamics and entropy, scientists discovered that low entropy is associated with non-random, highly ordered arrangements, which are relatively improbable, while high entropy is associated with random, unordered arrangements which are relatively probable.

If we apply the concept of entropy to the role “order” plays in the design argument, Salmon says, we can determine the percentage of physical systems which “come into being in low entropy states” and which “are created with conscious design” (186). What is that percentage? According to Salmon, “An exceedingly small proportion of low entropy systems–i.e., systems which are highly organized and orderly–result from an interaction with the environment which involves any conscious purpose or design.”

(7) **Modern Cosmology**: Relying upon physicist Steven Weinberg, Salmon rehearses the state of modern cosmology in 1978, which includes scientific evidence (a) for Big Bang cosmology; and (b) regarding the number of galaxies (10B), stars per galaxy (10B), and atoms per star (10^{50}). Salmon takes this to be unparalleled in human history. He asks, “Where in the annals of human history can we find like numbers of systems created in low entropy states by conscious human intervention?” (187).

(8) **Assessment of the Hypothesis**: Salmon summarizes his assessment of the scientific evidence; he concludes that modern scientific evidence pushes “the posterior probability of intelligent design even closer to zero” (188).

(9) **The Relevance of the Scientific Evidence**: Salmon concludes that his analysis of the scientific evidence “tend[s] to show that there is no intelligent creator [of the universe] (although it is admittedly irrelevant to other theological hypotheses)” (189).

(10) **Postscript: Hume’s Intentions**: Salmon attempts to defend his interpretation of Hume. Since I am uninterested in that topic, I will not summarize this section.

**Series on Atheistic Teleological Arguments**

**Notes**

[1] Salmon did not label his argument an “atheistic teleological argument;” in fact, so far as I can tell, Salmon did not name his argument at all. The name was coined by Michael Martin in his *Atheism: A Philosophical Justification *(Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990).

[2] Wesley Salmon, “Religion and Science: A New Look at Hume’s Dialogues.” In Michael Martin and Ricci Monier, *The Improbability of God *(Buffalo: Prometheus, 2006), 167-93. Originally published in *Philosophical Studies *33 (1978): 143-76. Further references will be provided in the body of this article.

[3] I owe this formulation of Salmon’s classes to Sally Ferguson, “Bayesianism, Analogy, and Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion,” *Hume Studies *28:1 (April 2002): 113-130 at 119.

[4] Wesley Salmon, *The Foundations of Scientific Inference *(Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1967), 90-93.

[5] Salmon 1967, 91-92.

[6] As Salmon notes, Carl G. Hempel argued for a similar requirement, his requirement of maximal specificity. Cf. Carl G. Hempel, *Aspects of Scientific Explanation *(New York: Free Press, 1965), 397-403, cited in Salmon 2006, 192, n. 14.

[7] Although Salmon states, “It is crucial to realize that Philo is not raising the traditional theological problem of evil” (178), I interpret this to mean that Philo is not raising the logical argument from evil.

[8] O is my invention; I have inserted O into the expression in order to make explicit the role of the designer’s moral attributes. Salmon’s article keeps that implicit and so he writes about Pr(B | A & C). Also, I am unsure which interpretation of probability Salmon had in mind when he wrote that Pr(B | A & C) is low. In the rest of the article, he employs a frequency interpretation, but his reference to “antecedently expect” followed by a listing of four reasons seems to make more sense on an epistemic interpretation than on a frequency interpretation.

[9] It might be more accurate to say that Galileo and Newton removed the need for a Platonic teleology (i.e., teleology put there by a divine intelligence), not an Aristotelian teleology.

Pingback: nike air max 90 pas cher()

Pingback: replique montre suisse()

Pingback: air max 90 pas cher()

Pingback: christian louboutin pas cher()

Pingback: nike pas cher()

Pingback: コーチ()

Pingback: jordan sneakers for cheap()

Pingback: nike air max 1 pas cher()

Pingback: louis vuitton sac()

Pingback: jordan 11 retro Legend blue()

Pingback: トリーバーチ バッグ年齢,トリーバーチ バッグ 手入れ,トリーバーチキャンバスシューズ()

Pingback: トリーバーチ ロビンソン イエロー,トリーバーチ amanda easy tote,トリーバーチ クロスボディダブルチェーン()

Pingback: buy wow gold()

Pingback: jordan retro 13()

Pingback: Nike KD VII()

Pingback: ugg boots()

Pingback: air max pas cher()

Pingback: mulberry outlet()

Pingback: sac louis vuitton()

Pingback: Jordan Gamma Blue 11s()

Pingback: Louis Vuitton Outlet Online()

Pingback: louis vuitton wallet()

Pingback: lebron 12 for sale()

Pingback: veste givenchy pas cher()

Pingback: cheap lebron 12()

Pingback: louis vuitton purses()

Pingback: jordan 6 black infrared()

Pingback: coach factory outlet()

Pingback: Toro 4s()

Pingback: michael kors outlet online()

Pingback: foamposites()

Pingback: kate spade purses()

Pingback: Legend blue 11s for sale()

Pingback: red timberland boots size 5()

Pingback: lululemon sale()

Pingback: coach outlet()

Pingback: Foamposite red Suede()

Pingback: Leborn 12()

Pingback: nike lebron 12()

Pingback: jordan retro 2 white red()

Pingback: michael kors bags()

Pingback: louis vuitton purses()

Pingback: 3m 13s()

Pingback: Jordan 6 Black Infrared()

Pingback: louis vuitton online shop()

Pingback: Legend blue 11s()

Pingback: louis vuitton outlet()

Pingback: louis vuitton neverfull mm()

Pingback: jordan retro 6()

Pingback: White Carmine 6s()

Pingback: coach black friday deals()

Pingback: wireless beats by dre()

Pingback: Foamposites elephant print()

Pingback: michael kors purses()

Pingback: ralph lauren femme()

Pingback: portefeuille givenchy()

Pingback: taschen givenchy()

Pingback: ceinture gucci pas cher()

Pingback: ralph lauren billig()

Pingback: roshe run nike()

Pingback: black toe 14s()

Pingback: michael kors outlet()

Pingback: cyber monday north face deals()

Pingback: Gamma Blue 11()

Pingback: kate spade black Friday()

Pingback: black infrared 6s()

Pingback: louis vuitton official website()

Pingback: louis vuitton uk()

Pingback: jordan 11()

Pingback: sacoche louis vuitton()

Pingback: Black Red 13s()

Pingback: ugg sale()

Pingback: Cheap Black Infrared 6s()

Pingback: cyber monday deals on ugg boots()

Pingback: coach black friday deals()

Pingback: ralph lauren polo shirts()

Pingback: jordan 11 infrared speckle()

Pingback: jordan 11 legend blue()

Pingback: Foamposites volt()

Pingback: louis vuitton belts()

Pingback: louis vuitton shoes()

Pingback: Legend Blue 11s()

Pingback: michael kors outlet()

Pingback: louboutin homme marie 75017()

Pingback: Jordan 11 Legend Blue()

Pingback: coach black friday()

Pingback: north face black friday sale()

Pingback: Wolf grey 3s()

Pingback: mulberry outlet uk()

Pingback: jordan turbo green 6()

Pingback: National characteristics of painting()

Pingback: michael kors cyber monday deals()

Pingback: Replica ysl bags outlet()

Pingback: jordan 6 brazil world cup pack()

Pingback: michael kors factory outlet()

Pingback: lebron james shoes()

Pingback: michael kors cyber monday()

Pingback: Nike KD 7 DMV()

Pingback: louis vuitton wallet()

Pingback: louis vuitton belt()

Pingback: Legend blue 11()

Pingback: billige Parajumpers Adirondack Kvinnor()

Pingback: バッグ 激安()

Pingback: nike air jordan 11 low ebay()

Pingback: miu miu()

Pingback: FiFa 15 coins()

Pingback: yeezy foamposites()

Pingback: louis vuitton schal()

Pingback: blackout 13()

Pingback: michael kors outlet online()

Pingback: uggs black friday()

Pingback: michael kors bags()

Pingback: michael kors women in combat roles in the military()

Pingback: prada jobs melbourne()

Pingback: louboutin homme geant casino pessac()

Pingback: mulberry outlet london address finder england()

Pingback: Jordan 11 Columbia()

Pingback: cheap jordan shoes()

Pingback: jordan retro 11 Legend blue()

Pingback: replica designer givenchy handbag uk()

Pingback: hogan interactive 1997()

Pingback: Doudoune Canada Goose homme()

Pingback: coach factory outlet()

Pingback: Lebron 11 What The Lebron()

Pingback: chaussure louis vuitton()

Pingback: louis vuitton purses()

Pingback: Real Black Infrared 6s()

Pingback: Moncler USA and Canada()

Pingback: louis vuitton outlet online()

Pingback: jordan black Oreo 6()

Pingback: jordan 11 legend blue()

Pingback: jordan 11 pantone()

Pingback: kate spade sale()

Pingback: louis vuitton handbags()

Pingback: ray ban wayfarer discount()

Pingback: ray ban wayfarer in london()

Pingback: louis vuitton wallet()

Pingback: nike mercurial iii for sale()

Pingback: Legend Blue 11s()

Pingback: michael kors handbags()

Pingback: Authentic Legend Blue 11s()

Pingback: beats by dre black friday()

Pingback: timberland online es()

Pingback: Tory-Burch-Reva-Leopard-Ballerina-Flat()

Pingback: toms 69 camaro ebay motors()

Pingback: cinture gucci outlet online()

Pingback: What The Lebron 11()

Pingback: louis vuitton online shop()

Pingback: wolf grey 3s for sale()

Pingback: michael kors outlet()

Pingback: pantone 11()

Pingback: Jordan 13 blackout()

Pingback: Cheap Louis Vuitton()

Pingback: jordan Legend blue 11()

Pingback: jordan 14 ferrari()

Pingback: coach black friday()

Pingback: ligne ray ban violet couleur()

Pingback: jordan 11 infrared speckle()

Pingback: louis vuitton portemonnaie()

Pingback: cyber monday michael kors()

Pingback: louis vuitton outlet()

Pingback: cheap jordans()

Pingback: nike Lebron 12 Lion Heart()

Pingback: coach factory online()

Pingback: legend blue 11()

Pingback: Legend blue 11s()

Pingback: louis vuitton handbags()

Pingback: Jordan 11 Infrared 23()

Pingback: michael kors cyber monday()

Pingback: louis vuitton handtaschen()

Pingback: Cheap lebron 12()

Pingback: Kate Spade Coupon()

Pingback: ヴィトン 公式シャネル()

Pingback: True Religion Jeans Sale()

Pingback: retro jordans()

Pingback: http://www.opticien-gouraud.com/div-lulu.asp()

Pingback: jordan 11 legend blue()

Pingback: jordan 2 white red()

Pingback: louis vuitton outlet()

Pingback: prada vpr 07p()

Pingback: Legend Blue 11()

Pingback: michael kors handbags()

Pingback: Legend blue 11()

Pingback: jordan 13 black infrared 23()

Pingback: Selfridges Moncler()

Pingback: jordan 13 3m reflective()

Pingback: gym red 1s()

Pingback: Legend blue 11s()

Pingback: Legend Blue 11s()

Pingback: coach outlet online()

Pingback: ugg sale()

Pingback: Tory Burch Outlet()

Pingback: バッグ ヴィトン 通販 激安()

Pingback: louis vuitton clutch()

Pingback: Louis Vuitton Outlet()

Pingback: 2014ÐÂÐÍ¥·¥Õ¥©¥ó¥Þ¥Õ¥é©`éL´ºÇïIÓÃ¥¹¥«©`¥ÕÅ®ÐÔÉ°½í·À¡þ¤¬ÒŽ¸ñÆ·¤Î¥¹¥È©`¥ë¥Þ¥Õ¥é©`, "ÙÈë¤·¤Æ2014ÐÂÐÍ¥·¥Õ¥©¥ó¥Þ¥Õ¥é©`´ºÇïIÓÃéL¥¹¥«©`¥ÕÅ®ÐÔÉ()

Pingback: prada it sito ufficiale()

Pingback: lebron 12()

Pingback: black friday michael kors()

Pingback: jordan 13 barons()

Pingback: Legend blue 11s for sale()

Pingback: ralph lauren polo()

Pingback: Miu Miu replica bags()

Pingback: Jordan 11()

Pingback: timberland uk()

Pingback: cheap ugg boots()

Pingback: Jordan 13 Black Red()

Pingback: New Chanel Handbags()

Pingback: louis vuitton outlet()

Pingback: cheap lebron 12()

Pingback: celine luggage nano 2012()

Pingback: Louis Vuitton Outlet Store()

Pingback: imitation sac gucci()

Pingback: kate spade black Friday()

Pingback: uggs sale()

Pingback: louis vuitton purses()

Pingback: michael kors outlet()

Pingback: Toro Bravo 4s For Sale()

Pingback: nike free 2()

Pingback: nike air max pas cher()

Pingback: nike tn pas cher()

Pingback: True Religion Jeans Men()

Pingback: ルイヴィトン ブランドバッグ()

Pingback: cheap louis vuitton()

Pingback: ヴィトン ジッピー バッグ()

Pingback: kate spade black Friday()

Pingback: jordan 11 legend blue()

Pingback: outlet piumini moncler()

Pingback: Louis Vuitton UK()

Pingback: Legend blue 11s 2014()

Pingback: Nike KD VII DMV()

Pingback: gucci 2010 cruise sunglasses()

Pingback: Carmine 6s()

Pingback: ugg outlet()

Pingback: Barons 13s()

Pingback: kate spade black Friday()

Pingback: barbour hood()

Pingback: foamposites()

Pingback: pantone 6s()

Pingback: nike blazer()

Pingback: Hurry while stock lasts design your own nike air max 90 Inflation Unmasked with These Halloween Markdowns UK with best qualitu and free shipping in our Luxury Items Online Store()

Pingback: jordan retro 6()

Pingback: Real Legend Blue 11s()

Pingback: ligne ray ban france()

Pingback: jordan 6 black infrared()

Pingback: vrai ou fausse moncler()

Pingback: michael kors purses()

Pingback: jordan 6 brazil world cup pack()

Pingback: jordan 11 legend blue()

Pingback: timberland regional library website()

Pingback: barbour hood()

Pingback: michael kors wallet()

Pingback: louis vuitton outlet()

Pingback: jordans for sale()

Pingback: How To Get Legend Blue 11s()

Pingback: jordan 6 retro pantone()

Pingback: air max one()

Pingback: nike air max lime green()

Pingback: north face black friday()

Pingback: aviator sunglasses()

Pingback: hermes voyage 26()

Pingback: jordan 6 white carmine()

Pingback: Nike KD 7 USA()

Pingback: timberland boots street style()

Pingback: nike roshe run mercurial custom by cdk customs()

Pingback: canada goose coats()

Pingback: legend blue 11s()

Pingback: barbour hurricane jacket()

Pingback: basket jordan 91.9fm()

Pingback: nike blazer()

Pingback: michael kors outlet online()

Pingback: nike air max jordan()

Pingback: coach handbags()

Pingback: vintage b&l ray ban u()

Pingback: outlet maletas agatha ruiz dela prada()

Pingback: culos de sol prada pr08o feminino()

Pingback: air jordan 13()

Pingback: barbour handbags()

Pingback: canada goose jacket()

Pingback: nike id()

Pingback: nike air max 1 sc chili()

Pingback: Infrared 23 Low 11s()

Pingback: black friday north face sale()

Pingback: coach factory online()

Pingback: Best Deals nike air max t shirt Outlet UK ,you can enjoy free-shipping()

Pingback: nike air max classic bw bestellen()

Pingback: shop beats by dre()

Pingback: ugg outlet()

Pingback: lancel soldes ordinateurs sous linux()

Pingback: jordan 6 retro black infrared()

Pingback: louis vuitton outlet()

Pingback: jordan retro 11 pantone()

Pingback: Louis vuitton tasche()

Pingback: michael kors black friday sale()

Pingback: Louis vuitton tasche()

Pingback: purchasing longchamp bags in paris()

Pingback: lebron 12()

Pingback: ralph lauren polo shirts()

Pingback: kate spade black Friday()

Pingback: uggs outlet()

Pingback: black Oreo 6s()

Pingback: black infrared 6s()

Pingback: jordan Legend blue 11()

Pingback: Barons 13s()

Pingback: Infrared 23 11s()

Pingback: louis vuitton bags()

Pingback: cyber monday north face deals()

Pingback: Nike KD 7()

Pingback: chaussure femme()

Pingback: boy lebron james shoes()

Pingback: what are lebron james new shoes()

Pingback: barbour hope beadnell()

Pingback: coach factory outlet online()

Pingback: longchamp noir et marron()

Pingback: moncler hzoo photogra com()

Pingback: michael kors cyber monday()

Pingback: jordan 11 legend blue()

Pingback: Jordan 5Lab3 black()

Pingback: louis vuitton shoes()

Pingback: mulberry bags for ladies()

Pingback: michael kors outlet()

Pingback: coach sunglasses()

Pingback: Lebron 12 miami dolphins()

Pingback: lebron james shoes new()

Pingback: basketball t shirt jerseys()

Pingback: canada goose()

Pingback: http://www.bmg-media.com/read.asp?hermes-belts()

Pingback: prada pattina()

Pingback: http://www.englandbasketball-shop.co.uk/order/RoshRun.aspx()

Pingback: lebrons shoes for sale()

Pingback: lebron james red jersey()

Pingback: Legend Blue 11s()

Pingback: imitation ray ban kennedy rap()

Pingback: Jordan 11 Legend Blue()

Pingback: gucci diaper bag black friday deals()

Pingback: Birkin Bag Hermes()

Pingback: ray ban rb3179()

Pingback: hermes informatique()

Pingback: jordan 11 legend blue()

Pingback: Louis Vuitton Wallet()

Pingback: 【長財布】【新品】ルイヴィトン LOUIS VUITTON モノグラムマルチカラー ジッピー・ウォレット 長財布 ブラック＆ピスタッシュ M60244()

Pingback: mulberry cyber monday()

Pingback: Louis Vuitton Outlet Italia()

Pingback: Louis Vuitton Outlet Italia()

Pingback: Christian Louboutin Shoes()

Pingback: christian louboutin sale()

Pingback: doudounes moncler()

Pingback: Manteau Moncler()

Pingback: pas cher Louis Vuitton soldes()

Pingback: Louis Vuitton Pas Cher()

Pingback: pittsburgh steelers striped jersey()

Pingback: Mcm Backpacks Price()

Pingback: Mcm Design()

Pingback: Ugg Store Online()

Pingback: jordan 6 black infrared()

Pingback: jordan 11 legend blue()

Pingback: Hollister Outlet()

Pingback: blue gucci messenger bag()

Pingback: blue ofica()

Pingback: cat 4 brother()

Pingback: water ionizer comparisons()