- Nearly universally across human cultures, there exist the same basic standards of morality. In addition, there exist in all cultures truly altruistic acts which lead to no personal or genetic benefit.
- The majority of people who explicitly deny the existence of objective morality still act as if objective morality exists.
- There exists a nearly universal human intuition that certain things are objectively right or wrong.
- The majority of philosophers recognize the existence of objective moral facts.
- Many naturalists (like Sam Harris or Shelley Kagan) affirm the existence of objective moral facts, despite the problems inherent in grounding these facts in the natural world.
This may seem like philosophical jibber-jabber, but it’s an important distinct. Relativism is fraught with meta-ethical problems, and has been a traditionally difficult position to hold. Anti-realist positions of other sorts, however, often are more consistent within themselves, and with the data that we observe regarding moral sentiments and attitudes.
“Using three behavioral experiments administered across 15 diverse populations, we show that market integration (measured as the percentage of purchased calories) positively covaries with fairness while community size positively covaries with punishment. Participation in a world religion is associated with fairness, although not across all measures. These results suggest that modern pro-sociality is not solely the product of an innate psychology, but also reflects norms and institutions that have emerged over the course of human history.”