Brooke Alan Trisel: God’s Silence as an Epistemological Concern

No abstract of the argument is available, but I did find a summary of the main argument.(1) If humankind was created for a purpose by God and had a role to play in carrying out thispurpose, then God would want us to have a possibility of achieving our role so that he wouldhave a possibility of achieving his goal.(2) For us to have a possibility of achieving the purpose for which we were created, we would needto understand our role in carrying out this purpose.(3) The purpose for which humanity … [Read more...]

John Post’s Book on Naturalism and Ethics

I just discovered this book while linking to John Post's home page in my last post.From Nature to Norms: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Morals (BookSurge, 2008)Book Description:A meticulously scripted and thoughtfully considered monograph about the abyss between morality and biology, From Nature to Norm: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Morals proves as inventive as it is original. It combines the highest degree of originality with careful attention to potential objections, all in accord with … [Read more...]

The Argument from First-Order Ethical Beliefs for Moral Realism

Definitionsfirst-level moral belief: a belief that something is good or evil or that something is of equal or greater value than something else second-level moral belief: a belief about some or all first-level moral beliefsThe Argument  As far as I can tell, the argument from ordinary language originated with John Post, but has also been defended by Quentin Smith.  The argument begins with the observation that “our first-order ethical beliefs imply that ethical sentences have t … [Read more...]

Semantic vs. Ontological Ethical Naturalism vs. Divine Command Theory

Jonathan Berg, in his essay “How could ethics depend on religion?”, notes there are various versions of the ‘Divine Command Theory’ of ethics.  In its strongest form, the Divine Command Theory (DCT) is a theory about the very meaning of words, what Jonathan Harrison has called a linguistic theory.  After describing various problems with the linguistic version of the DCT, Berg then states that divine command theorists might abandon the linguistic version of the DCT in favor of a more ext … [Read more...]

William Davis’s Argument from Objective, Nonutilitarian Value to Theism

Here is an excerpt from Davis's chapter in Reason for the Hope Within.While many human activities are pursued because of their usefulness (utility), and some are valuable only in the eyes of a few people (nonobjective), there are kinds of human activity which possess objective, nonutilitarian value.  Two obvious examples of this are self-sacrificial love and artistic beauty (which may be useful, but don’t need to be).  If everything (including humanity) is the result of random, i … [Read more...]

Leiter on the Plantinga/Nagel Saga

LINK (HT: ex-apologist) … [Read more...]

Senor on Craig/Moreland vs. Draper on Kalam Cosmological Argument

LINK … [Read more...]

Arguing from Moral Ontology to Theism by Eliminating Nontheistic Alternatives

1. DefintionsMoral ontology is the branch of meta-ethics concerned with the ontology or metaphysics of moral facts and properties.  Within the field of moral ontology, it is a commonplace that the nature of moral facts and properties fall into one of three categories: natural, nonnatural, or supernatural.  Natural facts and properties are those facts and properties studied by the natural and social sciences, including sociology, psychology, and biology.  Supernatural facts and … [Read more...]