Is Theism Explanatorily Bankrupt?

A very brief email exchange between a Christian and Gregory Dawes (author of Theism and Explanation).LINK … [Read more...]

William Lane Craig on the Prior Probability of the Resurrection

Prior to examining the specific evidence for and against Jesus' resurrection, how probable is it that God raised Jesus from the dead? According to many Christian apologists, the answer is "not low" -- at least, the answer is "not low" for theists. Are they right?For example, here is William Lane Craig:Dr. Ehrman just assumes that the probability of the resurrection on our background knowledge [Pr(R/B)] is very low. But here, I think, he’s confused. What, after all, is the resurrection h … [Read more...]

CNN: Washington to start issuing same-sex marriage licenses

Washington State's new law allowing same-sex marriages has gone into effect! I'm proud of my state tonight.LINK … [Read more...]

An Explanatory Argument from Moral Ontology against Metaphysical Naturalism (v2.0)

(The following is a revised version of my "Arguing from Moral Ontology by Eliminating Nontheistic Alternatives.")1. Definitions Moral ontology is the branch of meta-ethics concerned with the ontology or metaphysics of moral facts and properties.  Within the field of moral ontology, it is a commonplace that the nature of moral facts and properties fall into one of three categories: natural, nonnatural, or supernatural.  In order to define these three categories, allow me to first … [Read more...]

Brooke Alan Trisel: God’s Silence as an Epistemological Concern

No abstract of the argument is available, but I did find a summary of the main argument.(1) If humankind was created for a purpose by God and had a role to play in carrying out thispurpose, then God would want us to have a possibility of achieving our role so that he wouldhave a possibility of achieving his goal.(2) For us to have a possibility of achieving the purpose for which we were created, we would needto understand our role in carrying out this purpose.(3) The purpose for which humanity … [Read more...]

John Post’s Book on Naturalism and Ethics

I just discovered this book while linking to John Post's home page in my last post.From Nature to Norms: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Morals (BookSurge, 2008)Book Description:A meticulously scripted and thoughtfully considered monograph about the abyss between morality and biology, From Nature to Norm: An Essay in the Metaphysics of Morals proves as inventive as it is original. It combines the highest degree of originality with careful attention to potential objections, all in accord with … [Read more...]

The Argument from First-Order Ethical Beliefs for Moral Realism

Definitionsfirst-level moral belief: a belief that something is good or evil or that something is of equal or greater value than something else second-level moral belief: a belief about some or all first-level moral beliefsThe Argument  As far as I can tell, the argument from ordinary language originated with John Post, but has also been defended by Quentin Smith.  The argument begins with the observation that “our first-order ethical beliefs imply that ethical sentences have t … [Read more...]

Semantic vs. Ontological Ethical Naturalism vs. Divine Command Theory

Jonathan Berg, in his essay “How could ethics depend on religion?”, notes there are various versions of the ‘Divine Command Theory’ of ethics.  In its strongest form, the Divine Command Theory (DCT) is a theory about the very meaning of words, what Jonathan Harrison has called a linguistic theory.  After describing various problems with the linguistic version of the DCT, Berg then states that divine command theorists might abandon the linguistic version of the DCT in favor of a more ext … [Read more...]