Victor Reppert has a short essay on his Dangerous Idea blog on the use of probability arguments in the philosophy of religion. Here I would like to offer my own take on the question. A principle often invoked by theists making probability arguments is what Robin Collins calls the “prime principle of confirmation (PPC),” which he defines as follows:Simply put, the principle says that whenever we are considering two competing hypotheses, an observation counts as evidence in favor of the… Read more

In his recent debate with William Lane Craig, Stephen Law presented his evil God challenge. Law had formally documented this challenge in a 2009 article in the academic journal Religious Studies. Here is the abstract:Abstract: This paper develops a challenge to theism. The challenge is to explain why the hypothesis that there exists an omnipotent, omniscient and all-good god should be considered significantly more reasonable than the hypothesis that there exists an omnipotent, omniscient and all-evil god. Theists typically dismiss… Read more

Matthew Flanagan has written a response to my post on Jerry Coyne and explaining morality. I am quoting his response in its entirety, with Flannagan’s permission. Hi Jeffery, I tried posting this on your site but couldn’t, feel free to do so. You write: ”I suspect that C.S. Lewis’ moral argument for God’s existence is probably much more influential among the average reader of USA Today than the work of Robert Adams. And Lewis does appeal to a variety of… Read more

(This is another item in the “not new, but new for me” category. I was familiar with presuppositionalism, but not this particular presuppositionalist. Based on how radical Cheung’s position is, I guess you could also place this in the “you can’t make this stuff up” category.) Vincent Cheung is a Christian apologist of the presuppositionalist variety. His website includes two articles which defend his calling all non-Christians “morons”: Professional Morons A Moron By Any Other Name In this post, I am… Read more

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I am very pleased to announce that Stephen Law has graciously agreed to join The Secular Outpost as a contributor. Stephen is the editor of the Royal Institute of Philosophy journal THINK. He has published several books, including Humanism: A Very Short Introduction, Believing Bullshit, The Philosophy Gym, The Philosophy Files, and The War for Children’s Minds. He is senior lecturer in philosophy at Heythrop College, University of London.Please join me in giving Stephen a warm welcome! Read more

Philosopher Joel Marks, of “Confessions of an Ex-Moralist” Fame, recently wrote another essay for the New York Times on his amoralism and concern for the treatment of animals.LINK Read more

From the abstract:Militant modern atheism, whose most eloquent champion is Richard Dawkins, provides an effective and necessary critique of fundamentalist forms of religion and their role in political life, both within states and across national boundaries. Because it is also presented as a more general attack on religion (tout court), it has provoked a severe reaction from scholars who regard its conception of religion as shallow and narrow. My aim is to examine this debate, identifying insights and oversights on… Read more

LINKRelated articles: here, here, here, and here Read more

Abstract:This paper endeavors to explain what friendly atheism is and why it is reasonable to seek to be friendly toward those whose views about God differ substantially from one’s own.Unfortunately, online access to this requires a paid subscription.LINK Read more

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