LINK: Nate Shannon on Anderson and Welty’s Ambiguous Necessity

"In their argument for the existence of God from the laws of logic,* James Anderson and Greg Welty (AW) claim that the laws of logic exist necessarily. Their claim is that the laws of logic possess de re necessity, the type of necessity—metaphysical necessity—predicated of objects. How do they get there? They don’t, in my view, and their oversight is a smooth ambiguity between de re and de dicto necessity."LINK … [Read more...]

LINK: Why Is There Anything At All? A Response To Stenger

"As someone with sympathies for the Argument from Contingency, and as a non-believer, I am constantly frustrated when I see atheists who should frankly know better completely miss the point of the argument and attack straw-men or simply re-define the word "nothing" so the problem goes away. Philosophers have been quite good at pointing out the mistakes of people like Lawrence Krauss. It is sad to see people like Krauss dismiss their critics out of hand, or worse, put them in the same … [Read more...]

The Evidential Argument from Physical Minds (APM)

Last edited: 13-Jun-12 8:20PM PDT Informal Statement of the Argument Scientific evidence shows that human consciousness and personality are highly dependent upon the brain. In this context, nothing mental happens without something physical happening. That strongly implies that the mind cannot exist independently of physical arrangements of matter. In other words, we do not have a soul. And this is exactly what we would expect if naturalism is true. But if theism is true, then souls or, more … [Read more...]

The Best Argument for God’s Existence: The Argument from Moral Agency

Continuing my theme of summarizing arguments about God's existence inspired by the writings of Paul Draper, this time I have chosen to summarize an argument for God's existence, the "argument from moral agency." Draper's full argument may be found in his paper "Cosmic Fine-Tuning and Terrestrial Suffering: Parallel Problems for Naturalism and Theism." (The link will take you to JSTOR, where the paper sits behind a 'paywall,' so if you don't have JSTOR access you won't be able to read the … [Read more...]

Reblog: It’s Almost as if Your Happiness Does Not Take Mine Away

Source: think4yourself … [Read more...]

Gervais: Finding the Faithless: Perceived Atheist Prevalence Reduces Anti-Atheist Prejudice

Abstract:Although prejudice is typically positively related to relative outgroup size, four studies found converging evidence that perceived atheist prevalence reduces anti-atheist prejudice. Study 1 demonstrated that anti-atheist prejudice among religious believers is reduced in countries in which atheists are especially prevalent. Study 2 demonstrated that perceived atheist prevalence is negatively associated with anti-atheist prejudice. Study 3 demonstrated a causal relationship: Reminders of … [Read more...]

Gervais and Norenzayan: Reminders of Secular Authority Reduce Believers’ Distrust of Atheists

Abstract:Atheists have long been distrusted, in part because they do not believe that a watchful, judging god monitors their behavior. However, in many parts of the world, secular institutions such as police, judges, and courts are also potent sources of social monitoring that encourage prosocial behavior. Reminders of such secular authority could therefore reduce believers’ distrust of atheists. In our experiments, participants who watched a video about police effectiveness (Experiment 1) or w … [Read more...]

LINK: Quodlibeta on Multiversial Musings

A well-written summary of leading objections to the multiverse as an objection to various versions of cosmological and teleological arguments.LINK … [Read more...]