Adolf Grünbaum on Determinism and Reason

" The causal generation of a belief does not, of itself, detract in the least from its truth. My belief that I address a class at certain times derives from the fact that the presence of students in their seats is causally inducing certain images on the retinas of my eyes at those times, and that these images, in turn, then cause me to infer that corresponding people are actually present before me. The reason why I do not suppose that I am witnessing a performance of Aida at those times is that … [Read more...]

Happy Birthday Mr. Newton

Here are the opening paragraphs about Isaac Newton in Wikipedia (his birthdate in Wikipedia is based on the Jullian calendar which was still in use in England when Newton was born; January 4th is his birthdate according to the Gregorian calendar) :================================Sir Isaac Newton PRS (/ˈnjuːtən/;[6] 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1726/27[1]) was an English mathematician, astronomer, and physicist (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who is widely recognised a … [Read more...]

Randal Rauser’s Most Excellent Review of the Lowder-Turek Debate

I think this just might be the best review ever written of a debate between an atheist and a theist. It's comprehensive, thoughtful, irenic, fair, and well-written. I agree with almost the entire review, with the exception of Randal's point about the definition of naturalism. I don't consider that to be a flaw of the review in any way, however. Rather, I consider that to be a reasonable disagreement.Check it out!LINK … [Read more...]

Geisler’s Five Ways – Part 12: Is the Creator a Necessary Being?

PHASE 3: THE EXISTENCE OF A NECESSARY BEINGGeisler abuses the word “God” yet again in Phase 3 of his case for the existence of God.  The argument in Phase 3 is on page 27.  It makes use of the conclusion from “The Argument from Being” in Phase 1 (pages 24-26). Here is the conclusion of this part of his case:God is a necessary being.He is NOT using the word “God” in its ordinary sense here.  Perhaps, he actually means something like this:Whatever caused the universe is a necessar … [Read more...]

Video of Lowder’s Debate with Frank Turek on Naturalism vs. Theism

Topic: "What Better Explains Reality? Naturalism or Theism"Link: to Specific Elements of Debate:Moderator's Introduction: Lowder's Opening Statement (20 minutes): Turek's Opening Statement (20 minutes): Lowder's First Rebuttal (10 minutes): Turek's Firs … [Read more...]

Unapologetic Review – Part 9: Analysis of Reason #9

A KEY PASSAGE FROM PART 2 OF THIS SERIES:It appears to me that just as Chapter 5 is the heart of the book, and that the 10 Reasons are the heart of Chapter 5, so also I believe that Reason #9 (which concerns opposition to "faith-based claims") for ending philosophy of religion is at the heart of the 10 Reasons.If I can shove a sharp dagger into Reason #9, then I believe that will kill the beast, and stop the beating of the heart of Loftus' case against the philosophy of religion.Here … [Read more...]

Unapologetic Review – Part 8: Religion & Irrationality

Mr. Loftus is on a crusade against "faith", but it is not at all clear what dragon it is that he intends to slay.A part of his point, I believe, is to boldly assert that religion and religious belief is irrational.  I'm reluctant to disagree with this point. There is a good deal of truth to this point, and this is important truth too.I have attempted to add some balance to this truth by pointing out that irrationality is a universal human problem that is NOT confined to religion, to … [Read more...]

A Very Unscientific Survey of Some Popular Responses to the Problem of Evil

I recently defended Paul Draper's evidential argument from evil (specifically, facts about pain and pleasure) against William Lane Craig's popular objections. (LINK) I decided to browse his website discussion forum devoted to the problem of evil. I was struck by some of the responses used by the people posting there (who should not be confused with Craig himself). Putting aside the posts which tear down strawman versions of the argument from evil, versions not defended by any atheist philosopher … [Read more...]