Unapologetic Review – Part 7: Two Definitions of “Faith”

The Two Main Definitions of "Faith" in UnapologeticThere are seven short statements in Unapologetic that appear to be definitions of the word "faith".  The definition given in Chapter 1 (p.37) is an incomplete version of the definition given in Chapter 2.  The definition given in Chapter 2 is clear and worthy of serious consideration:Faith is a cognitive bias that causes believers to overestimate any confirming evidence and underestimate any disconfirming evidence.  (Unapologetic, Ch … [Read more...]

In Defense of an Evidential Argument from Evil: A Reply to William Lane Craig

Abstract: In a popular article about general arguments from evil against the existence of an all-powerful, all-knowing, and perfectly good God, William Lane Craig raises objections to such arguments that are consistent with those he earlier raised against Paul Draper's evidential pain-and-pleasure argument from evil in an oral debate with Draper in 1998. In this article Jeffery Jay Lowder considers whether Craig's points have any force in rebutting Draper's writings on his pain-and-pleasure … [Read more...]

Science Matters

Will science matter in the Trump Administration? All signs are that it will not. Indeed, not only will science not matter, it will be actively opposed. The title of Lawrence Krauss’s article “Donald Trump’s War on Science,” published in the December 13 New Yorker, sounds alarmist. After all, haven’t we heard hype from the right about the “War on Christmas” and the “War on traditional values,” and so forth? Is Krauss engaging in the same sort hyperbole? Not at all. He details the “qualifications” … [Read more...]

Geisler’s Five Ways – Part 11: The Structure of Geisler’s Case

I'm going to take a step back in this post and look at the overall structure of Geisler's case for the existence of God, a presented in When Skeptics Ask (hereafter: WSA).PHASE 1: GEISLER's FIVE WAYSOn pages 15 through 26, Geisler presents five arguments for five conclusions.  I call this Phase  1 of this case.  Here are the five conclusions of the five initial arguments:Something other than the universe caused the universe to begin to exist. Something is a first uncaused cause of … [Read more...]

Black Holes and the Problem of Evil

Data produced by the Hubble Space Telescope show that the brightest supernova ever recorded was actually a star being torn apart by a black hole in what is being called the ASASSN-15lh event.This has a high “coolness factor” for astronomy enthusiasts. But I couldn't help but wonder a little whether there were any planets in that ill-fated solar system with life on them. Suppose such a catastrophe were to befall Earth – what would be the theological implications? This would be a purely hyp … [Read more...]

The Empirical Confirmation of Miracle Claims

Is the empirical confirmation of miracles possible, in principle? Hume has often been interpreted as denying the possibility. However, Hume does say that it is conceivable that there could be testimony for a miraculous event that is so unlikely to be false that it would be a “greater miracle” for the testimony to be false than the occurrence of the event. Presumably, he means that, in principle, the likelihood of the provision of particular testimony T, given the non-occurrence of the Miracle M, … [Read more...]

Geisler’s Five Ways – Part 10: The Goodness of the Creator

REVIEW OF MY EVALUATION OF GEISLER'S CASE (SO FAR)In Phase 1 of his case for the existence of God, Norman Geisler presents five arguments for five different conclusions:There is exactly one being that caused the universe to begin to exist. There is exactly one being that has sustained the universe in existence until now. There is exactly one being that is the designer of the universe. There is exactly one being that is the supreme moral lawgiver. There is exactly one being that … [Read more...]

Unapologetic Review – Part 6: Faith as Irrational Trust

Some Key Points from Part 5Mr. Loftus is on a crusade against FAITH, and his book Unapologetic, is a part of this crusade.  But before any person who is a critical thinker (i.e. someone who "sits at the adult table") chooses to join this crusade, Loftus needs to clearly specify the purpose of the crusade, and that means that Loftus needs to provide a clear definition or analysis of the meaning of the word "faith".  In particular, he needs to clearly specify what it is that he means by the w … [Read more...]