Patheos answers the question:
What Can Muslims Not Eat?

There are different practices all over the world regarding what Muslims can and cannot eat, and often a lot of diversity within a Muslim community as well. Different Muslims themselves will also follow different practices around what they can and cannot eat. In general, however, there are some accepted foods and drinks in Islam that are widely considered forbidden.

In the Quran, the foods that are explicitly forbidden include the meat from animals which died of causes other than slaughter, all blood, the meat and by-products of pigs, which includes pork, lard, bacon, and pig-based gelatin, and any food ritually dedicated to a god other than Allah. This includes food which might have been offered on the altar of a different religion or used in a non-Islamic religious ceremony. These foods typically will be absent from the diet of observant Muslims around the world, in different communities and Muslim denominations. Wine and alcohol are also considered forbidden in Islam, and many Muslims will avoid these drinks (though some Muslims, especially from Turkey, have more lenient positions towards alcohol). Many Muslims will not consume food that has been cooked with alcohol, even if it will not make them intoxicated.

Impermissible food in Islam is known as ‘haram’ or forbidden, a term which applies to a broad variety of actions or practices that might be forbidden in Islam. Permissible food is known as ‘halal’ or permitted, another term which is used to describe all permitted activities in Islam. When it comes to the consumption of animals, many Muslims will only consider animals that have been ritually slaughtered to be considered ‘halal’. This includes being slaughtered by a trained religious individual, with a knife sufficiently sharp and large to meet religious specifications, and in a single fluid motion.

Permitted animals generally include animals that graze, such as: Sheep, goats, cows, chicken, deer, geese, turkey, duck, qual, buffalo, camels, and other animals which eat grass and work in the fields. Animals which are not permitted to eat include predatory animals and birds, as well as a number of insects and rodents which are considered unclean. The animals which Muslims cannot eat include: Lions, tigers, wolves, bears, monkeys, elephants, foxes, cats, dogs, squirrels, and other animals which are known to eat other animals. This concern includes birds of prey as well. As such, birds whose consumption is considered forbidden in Islam include: eagles, bats, hawks, falcons, jays, ravens, and other birds who behave in a predatory manner. Rodents and reptiles are also considered unclean, and thus most Muslim scholars consider them to be forbidden foods for Muslims. These include: Mice, rats, frogs, lizards, snakes, flies, snails, worms, and other such creatures. 

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2/10/2021 11:20:41 PM