I’ve written before about the scientific consensus, arguing that we laymen are in no position to reject the scientific consensus and dismantling popular conservative arguments that encourage us to do exactly that.
The Discovery Institute, that fearless citadel against evolution, barfs on thoughtful discourse with its article, To Have a View on the Darwin Debate, Do You Need a PhD in Evolutionary Science?
Let me abstract this post by answering that question: you’re welcome to have a view, but if that view rejects the overwhelming consensus in favor of evolution then yes, you need a PhD. And to correct the title, there is no “debate” over evolution—at least not within biology, the only place where such a debate would be relevant.
The article begins with a tweeted exchange between Kevin Williamson (correspondent for the National Review) and David Klinghoffer (senior fellow at the Discovery Institute).
Kevin Williamson: Evolution, like similarly specialized fields, is not really subject to casual opinion.
David Klinghoffer: And that is why [anyone], if he’s more than a casual thinker, gives it the needed study
Kevin Williamson: ‘The needed study’ = graduate-level work in evolutionary science.
The author of the unattributed article disagrees.
Just as you don’t need a graduate degree in meteorology to understand why tornados will never turn rubble into houses and cars, you don’t need “graduate-level work in evolutionary science” to understand that unintelligent forces alone cannot cause civilizations to arise on barren planets, and for the very same reasons.
I agree that any process analogous to a tornado won’t drive an organism to change, adapt, and improve as happens on earth. But that’s not evolution. A tornado is just random, while evolution has random elements plus selection to pick the organisms that best fit their environments. (Why is this elementary error so common within Creationism/Intelligent Design proponents? Do they have no interest in understanding what they’re rejecting?)
And note that this quote says that you don’t need a graduate degree to understand much of science. Yes, that’s true, but you do need one to reject the scientific consensus.
The author moves from not-a-biologist David Klinghoffer as an authority to not-a-biologist Jay Homnick. Homnick is a commentator, humorist, and deputy editor of The American Spectator. His homey logic neatly punctures the evolution balloon:
That’s some tough love, folks. A not-a-biologist has used the Argument from Incredulity to cut the Gordian Knot and give us the painful truth. “That’s just crazy talk! It don’t make sense to me, so it can’t be true!”
Once you allow the intellect to consider that an elaborate organism with trillions of microscopic interactive components can be an accident . . . you have essentially lost your mind.
Homnick apparently thinks that the process of evolution is nothing but accident. It’s not. (That demand for graduate-level education in biology for those who would upset conclusions about evolution is sounding better all the time.)
Back to the article:
Jay Homnick is not a scientist, but unlike Kevin Williamson, he understands that you don’t need a scientific background to realize something is terribly wrong with the scientific “consensus” on evolution.
Do you hear what you’re saying? You’re justifying someone deliberately rejecting the consensus and drawing his own conclusion about biology when that someone doesn’t understand biology!
You may need a PhD before people will listen to you as an authority, but you emphatically don’t need one to draw the correct conclusion for yourself.
But if you aren’t qualified to do the first, how are you qualified to do the second? You admit you’re not an authority, but then you grant yourself the ability to “draw the correct conclusion”? The author is saying that to convince others you’ll need credentials, but your own opinion isn’t that important, so—what the heck?—discard those experts and pick your own conclusion.
I bet the author wants a Kim Davis world where government employees use their own religious beliefs as the final guide to their official actions, and candidates for public office reject any unpleasant scientific consensus and substitute their own conclusion.
Often it seems it doesn’t matter how much evidence you present to these people, or how clearly you present it. They’ll just keep saying, “All our elite scientists reject ID, who am I to question elite scientists?”
No, the question is: “Who am I to question those people who understand the evidence, since I don’t?” Sometimes a little humility is appropriate.
Meanwhile, as the evidence piles up, those same scientists keep repeating, “Intelligent design is not science, intelligent design is not science.”
“Evidence piles up,” you say?? So you are in favor of following the evidence-driven consensus after all! If the evidence is piling up to create a sea change within evolution, then just give it time and then follow that new consensus. That the author doesn’t express it this way shows how little he thinks of this new “evidence.”
Maybe someday in the future, after a poll shows that most of our elite scientists have finally accepted the obvious, folks like Kevin Williamson will say, “Wow, imagine that . . . believing that the survival of the fittest was enough to generate human brains and human consciousness. I guess that was a pretty stupid idea after all.”
Wow, imagine that . . . the ideas at the frontier of science don’t always conform to common sense. Maybe we should listen to those smart people who bring science to us after all.
Let’s return to the question in the title: “How Do You Reject Science Without Looking Like a Troglodyte?” Answer: you can’t.
but in reality they want to believe
that which they love is true.
— Robert J. Ringer
(This is an update of a post that originally appeared 12/30/15.)
Image from Wikimedia, CC license