menu

Perspectives on Paul: Five Views, including Catholic, Protestant, New, and Post-New Perspectives (Paul within Judaism and the Gift Perspective)

Perspectives on Paul: Five Views, including Catholic, Protestant, New, and Post-New Perspectives (Paul within Judaism and the Gift Perspective) November 21, 2020

There are quite a number of books on the Apostle Paul, but few reach the caliber of great books. We may have such a book here with the newly released, Perspectives on Paul: Five Views by Scot McKnight and B. J. Oropeza (Baker Academic, 2020). What makes it great? It is not just another book of viewpoints in which those with a special expertise on a particular theological slant present their respective positions. Rather, this book includes basically the All-Star or Super Bowl game of scholars who present their viewpoints and respond to the others in relation to Paul’s view of salvation and his understanding of Jews and gentiles.

The New Perspective on Paul

The authors begin this book by providing a history of biblical interpretation regarding the New Perspective on Paul, a viewpoint spearheaded by E. P. Sanders, James D. G. Dunn, and N. T. Wright. The perspective, in essence, holds that formative Judaism of Paul’s day, known as Second Temple Judaism, was a religion of grace. Prior to Sander’s groundbreaking work, Paul and Palestinian Judaism (Fortress Press, 1977), many Christian scholars, especially those influenced by the Protestant Reformation, taught that Judaism is  typically a legalistic religion of righteousness by works. Many pastors still normally assume and teach this over the pulpits these days.

For Sanders and advocates of the New Perspective, membership into the covenant community of Judaism happens by grace, and staying in that covenant involves obedience to the law (Torah), hence, covenantal nomism. Prior to Paul’s transformation when he met the Lord Jesus on the way to Damascus (Acts 9; Galatians 1:15-16), his problem was not with guilt but Jewish privilege. Such was reflected against gentiles; they need to follow Mosaic law and be circumcised, if they  are to become Jewish proselytes.

Although New Perspective scholars disagree among themselves on what exactly Paul’s problem is with Judaism, they agree that Paul denies the necessity for gentiles to be circumcised in order to be righteous (justified) before God. Paul’s ax to grind with Mosaic law does not center on human inability to keep the law perfectly, but whether gentiles are able to belong to God’s people without the observance of external identity indicators that mark out Jewish distinctiveness, such as circumcision and dietary rules.

Post-New Perspectives on Paul

After discussing the New Perspective, this work then addresses viewpoints and arguments that criticize the New Perspective, and the authors also address the more recent Post-New Perspective viewpoints, such as the “Radical New Perspective” (Paul within Judaism) which argues that Paul considered himself Jewish and never left Judaism or its practices after his Damascus experience. Other recent perspectives include, for example, the apocalyptic perspective of Douglas Campbell, the Reformation perspective rapprochements with the New Perspective (e.g., Michael Bird, Stephen Chester, and others), and John Barclay’s Gift Perspective.

The following chapters of the book present five viewpoints: two traditional perspectives (the Roman Catholic and Protestant positions), the New Perspective, and two Post-New Perspectives (Paul within Judaism, and the Gift Perspective). The scholars present these positions—Brant Pitre (Catholic), A. Andrew Das (Protestant), James D. G. Dunn (New), Magnus Zetterholm (Judaism), and John M. G. Barclay (Gift)—and each responds to the  perspectives of the other four scholars. They also provide rejoinders to criticisms made against their position by the other four.

The final chapter is written by Dennis Edwards, a minister who assesses the various perspectives from a pastoral point of view. This chapter brings out some relevant talking points related to churches today.

The Five Views on Paul

The general content of the book is as follows:

       Introductory chapter: “Paul in Perspective: An Overview of the Landscape More Than Forty Years after Paul and Palestinian Judaism”— B. J. Oropeza and Scot McKnight

  1. The Romans Catholic Perspective on Paul — Brant Pitre

Traditional Protestant Perspective Response to Pitre           A. Andrew Das

New Perspective Response to Pitre    James D. G. Dunn

Paul within Judaism Perspective Response to Pitre  Magnus Zetterholm

Gift Perspective Response to Pitre     John M. G. Barclay

Romans Catholic Perspective Reply to the Respondents       Brant Pitre

  1. The Traditional Protestant Perspective on Paul — Andrew Das

Roman Catholic Perspective Response to Das           Brant Pitre

New Perspective Response to Das      James D. G. Dunn

Paul within Judaism Perspective Response to Das    Magnus Zetterholm

Gift Perspective Response to Das       John M. G. Barclay

Traditional Protestant Perspective Reply to Respondents      A. Andrew Das

  1. The New Perspective on Paul — James D. G. Dunn

Roman Catholic Perspective Response to Dunn        Brant Pitre

Traditional Protestant Perspective Response to Dunn          A. Andrew Das

Paul within Judaism Perspective Response to Dunn Magnus Zetterholm

Gift Perspective Response to Dunn    John M. G. Barclay

New Perspective Reply to the Respondents    James D. G. Dunn

  1. The Paul within Judaism Perspective — Magnus Zetterholm

Roman Catholic Perspective Response to  Zetterholm     Brant Pitre

Traditional Protestant Perspective Response to Zetterholm  A. Andrew Das

New Perspective Response to Zetterholm      James D. G. Dunn

Gift Perspective Response to Zetterholm       John M. G. Barclay

Paul within Judaism Perspective Reply to the Respondents            Magnus Zetterholm

  1. The Gift Perspective on Paul — John M. G. Barclay 219

Romans Catholic Perspective Response to Barclay   Brant Pitre

Traditional Protestant Perspective Response to Barclay      A. Andrew Das

New Perspective Response to Barclay           James D. G. Dunn

Paul within Judaism Perspective Response to Barclay            Magnus Zetterholm

Gift Perspective Reply to the Respondents     John M. G. Barclay

Afterword: Pastoral Reflections on Perspectives on Paul: Five Views             Dennis Edwards

This book also contains Author, Scripture, and Subject Indexes

 

Perspectives on Paul is available through Kindle, paperback, and hardback.

Author and Editor B. J. Oropeza poses with the book:

Here are some of endorsements made regarding the book:

“To have a summary of scholarship on Pauline theology is good. To have the experts speak for themselves is better. But to have back-and-forth conversation among experts, such as we find in Perspectives on Paul, is a gift. If you find yourself confused about or behind on the study of Paul, look no further. I found the thoughtful engagement in this book very insightful.” —Nijay K. Gupta, professor of New Testament, Northern Seminary

“Three Protestant Pauls, a Catholic Paul, and a Jewish Paul all walk into one volume–and collegial colloquy ensues. The scholars assembled here communicate the key issues, arguments, and interpretations that currently shape our highly charged moment in Pauline studies. Perspectives on Paul makes and marks an energetic contribution to important developing conversations.” — Paula Fredriksen, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem

“For many readers, Paul is perplexing–there is the New Perspective, the Old Perspective, and a variety of other perspectives. McKnight and Oropeza have provided a much needed and highly accessible summary of the way E. P. Sanders’s Paul and Palestinian Judaism has impacted Pauline scholarship in the last forty years. This volume, with five different approaches to reading Paul, offers a one-stop shop for those desiring to understand the dominant perspectives in conversation with other prominent and influential voices.”— Jeanette Hagen Pifer, assistant professor of New Testament, Talbot School of Theology, Biola University

 

About B. J. Oropeza
B. J. Oropeza is Professor of Biblical and Religious Studies at Azusa Pacific University, and has authored a number of publications on various subjects, including Intertextuality, the Apostle Paul, Corinthian Correspondence, Romans, apostasy and perseverance, and superheroes. You can read more about the author here.

Browse Our Archives



TRENDING AT PATHEOS General Christian
What Are Your Thoughts?leave a comment

61 responses to “Perspectives on Paul: Five Views, including Catholic, Protestant, New, and Post-New Perspectives (Paul within Judaism and the Gift Perspective)”

  1. I simply want to say I am beginner to weblog and actually savored you’re website. Very likely I’m want to bookmark your website . You definitely come with good posts. Thanks a lot for revealing your blog site.

  2. Paul Getty Zwykle Twierdzil, ze Bezinteresowna przyjazń moze istniec tylko pomiedzy osobami o jednakowych dochodach. I ja sie po niekad z tym zgadzam 🙂 A ty ?

  3. hello there, to be honest, I never believe in online business but the way you put it looks very easy to follow the steps 🙂Wealthy Affiliates looks a nice community and a trustful platform:)I will really give it a try and i will tell my impression soon:)but you know… is true that you don’t have to be a computer whizz to succeed?Thanks for sharing:)))Cristina

  4. Just wanted to part my excitement! I added up all the payments that I made in 2020 and subtracted the amount shown on my cess form as interest paid* and it came doused with a positive number through despite the first time by any chance!! It was just a not many hundred dollars but at least it’s something! .

    refinance your student loans

    I’ve been paying in behalf of 8 years, with steadily increasing income. So I am eventually paying off roughly the amount I instance borrowed (afflict with or acknowledge). I also have been making payments during the pandemic because I wanted to take benefit of $0 interest. . My realization in all of this is that composed if you take the route expected of you: function to college, graduate, convene a good registration au courant with job, slowly get ready up to making more and use the tools the management gives you to help you afford your payments (IBR), the control wishes filch out like a bandit and you’ll be upwards here being disconcerted to become aware of out that you’ve just understood the control just about $40k in consideration in the past you started actually making a dent in the amount you from the beginning borrowed and that was one possible because of a wide-ranging pandemic. *I ground out that this includes both recently accrued and capitalized interest, which inspired me to fling this calculation.

  5. Just wish to say your article is as astounding. The clarity in your post is simply nice and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please carry on the gratifying work.|

  6. opening hydroxychloroquine coronavirus trial results out [url=https://hydroxychloroquined.online/ ]side effect of hydroxychloroquine[/url] lyme disease has hydroxychloroquine been successful

  7. even hydroxychloroquine generic name during [url=https://hydroxychloroquined.online/ ]hydroxychloroquine sulfate generic[/url] epidemiological study doctors using hydroxychloroquine

  8. Hi Adamuts, Yes of course the traffic is genuine. You will be drawing in the traffic off bloggers and marketers that are a lot more successful than you (in most cases!). The traffic is excellent and natural!

  9. La suscripción se basa en el sistema de puntos, básicamente estás comprando puntos para usarlos cuando te suscribes. AKA puedes parar en cualquier momento (¡sólo coge un montón de puntos y vete si quieres!). 

  10. [url=https://prisermed.com/product/Kamagra+Oral+Jelly.html]buy Kamagra Oral Jelly now[/url]

  11. Wealthy Affiliate has been a game changer in my life. The education that I got being a premium member there has helped me to start my own board game company and allowed me to create and manage our own website as well as have a much better understanding of social media. For anyone looking to make a change in their life, I would highly recommend WA!

  12. I was extremely pleased to discover this great site. I wanted to thank you for
    ones time for this particularly wonderful read!! I definitely really liked every little bit of it and I have you saved to
    fav to check out new information on your web site.

  13. Me gustaría agradecerle el esfuerzo que ha puesto al escribir este blog. Realmente espero ver las mismas publicaciones de blog de alto grado tuyas también en el futuro. En verdad, sus habilidades de escritura creativa me han motivado a tener mi propio sitio ahora

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.