The Eleventh Commandment

The Eleventh Commandment June 7, 2021

Editor’s Note:  This post is even more relevant now than it was when it was originally written four years ago.  Since the Black Lives Matter demonstrations, spurred by the police killing of George Floyd, it seems like racial issues, which have always existed in the US, are now front and center, where they belong.  

On a related subject, I remember that when Dan Dennett and I were looking for non-believing clergy to participate in our study, we tried hard to find minorities and women.  We ultimately found a few women, but were unsuccessful in finding minorities.  We approached two, but they were not interested in participating.  They didn’t give reasons, and it was not our right to demand an explanation. Now, there are non-whites in The Clergy Project! I know this because three of them have photos on the home page of The Clergy Project website.  Hopefully, now that the subject of race relations is more open for discussion, we are becoming more sensitized to the inequities around us.  /Linda LaScola, Editor


By Bob Ripley

I asked my Facebook friends a question: If you got to write a new commandment what would it be?

“Thou shalt ……”.

The one that first came to my mind was:

“Thou shalt be kind.”

It covers a lot of moral ground.  But there’s another commandment left out of the original Big Ten. It could have been number eleven.

Thou shalt not own another person.

Is it right to own another person? Of course not.  The moral Zeitgeist or spirit of the times is that slavery was and is an outrage. Guided by Britain’s Slave Trade Act of 1807 under the leadership of William Wilberforce and America’s Emancipation Proclamation of 1863 under the leadership of Abraham Lincoln, the civilized world slowly adopted a morality that abhors slavery.  The trajectory has not been straight, of course. Human trafficking persists. Mercifully there are many who continue to fight to free captives.

As much as we are resolute about the evil of slavery, it’s awkward when you look to the Bible for a ban. There are clear, unambiguous taboos such as avoiding shellfish (Lev. 11:10), mixed fabrics (Deut. 22:11), cross-dressing (Deut. 22:5), round haircuts (Lev. 19:27) and tattoos (Lev. 19:28). Simple. Straightforward.

When it comes to slavery, however, the Bible is strangely silent. Well not quite.  God allegedly heard the cries of his people who had been slaves in Egypt for four centuries. Even though it was God who hardened Pharaoh’s heart in the first place (Exodus 9:12), God engaged in infanticide (the killing of all the Egyptian first born babies) to convince and coerce Pharaoh to set the Hebrew slaves free.

The premeditated killing of a child is a heinous crime punishable under the Criminal Code of Canada with an automatic life sentence with no possibility of parole for 25 years. If I was an Egyptian father who lost my first born child to God’s angel of death, I would not think kindly toward the Hebrew Deity, but I digress.

The Hebrew slaves were freed. We are told over and over again that God loves righteousness and justice. So what edict would serve as a moral code to guide these former slaves?  Let’s see:

  • Israelites must treat each other with kindness and respect, and it is forbidden for them to own each other. (Lev. 25:42).
  • They know the horror of slavery first hand. If a Hebrew is sold to a Hebrew, they are to be treated kindly as an indentured servant and set free after six years loaded up with food, wine and livestock. (Deut. 15:12-15)
  • Slaves for the Israelites are to come from the nations around them (Lev. 25:44) as well as the people whose cities they want to invade. (Deut. 20:10-11).
  • They can then bequeath them to their sons so that are in bondage permanently. (Lev. 25:46)
  • Unless it is a runaway slave-seeking asylum (Deut. 23:15), a deal is a deal.

A close look at the Bible might lead the reader to think that the buying and selling of people is in line with God’s inherent moral nature; the same God who hates oppression and cruelty.

No matter how you parse verses, slavery is contrary to righteousness and justice.  So here’s a commandment you won’t find in the Bible but which should be part of every constitution and every human heart:

People are not property. Period.

**Editor’s Question** If “Thou shalt not own another person” is the 11th Commandment, what do you think should be the 12th?


Bio:  Bob Ripley was a syndicated religion columnist, broadcaster, former preacher and author of Christian devotional material.  His book which came out in October, 2014 is titled Life Beyond Belief: A Preacher’s Deconversion. Find out more about the book and his other writing here.  This post was reposted with permission.

>>>>>Photo Credits: By Brantz Mayer – Own work by the original uploader, Public Domain,

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