Transgender, smansgender. It’s a choice right? Not so fast.
Transgender individuals have received a lot of global attention during recent years and as it many times is when it comes to human sexuality, various religious groups and human rights groups are actively involved and taking opposite positions on the matter.
Most people who have investigated the topic agree that about 99.4% of American adults are cisgender. That is, they identify their gender as unchanged from the sex that was recorded on their birth certificate when they were born. The rest, about 0.6%, are transgender.
Most of the latter were identified as being male at birth and now regard themselves as female. They are referred to as “MTF” (Male To Female) transgender individuals.
Almost as many were identified as female at birth and currently identify as male. They are referred to as “FTM” (Female To Male).”
A minority of transgender persons identify as being of neither gender, or of both genders, perhaps alternating over time.
The vast majority of people believe that being transgender is not a conscious choice. However, religious conservatives often consider these persons to be simply “gender confused” and in need of therapy to straighten themselves out.
However, many trans persons, their allies, and mental health professionals believe that most transgender persons have a female brain in a male body or vice-versa, that they are not confused and that therapy will not enable them to change their identity.
This mismatch between a person’s assigned and perceived gender, called gender dysphoria, often causes them extreme distress. Surveys of trans adults have indicated that 42% of MTF and 46% of FTM transgender persons are so troubled, they attempt suicide one or more times during their lifetime.
Hopefully, this percentage will drop in the future as more becomes known about being transgender and as they become more accepted within their families of origin as well as the rest of society.
The current edition of the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [DSM-5] does not regard being transgender as a mental health problem. Instead, it regards gender dysphoria — the extreme distress which often accompanies being transgender — to be the problem that may be helped by therapy..
Being transgender is much more common among children, than among adults. It can start as young as 3 years-of-age but most of these children de-transition over time and re-adopt their birth-identified gender.
When the U.S. Supreme Court legalized gay marriage — a.k.a. same-sex marriage on 2015-JUN-26, many conservative religious, political and social groups who had actively fought against marriage equality for lesbians, gays and some bisexuals quickly switched to making life as difficult as possible for transgender persons.
Past history has shown that once a discriminated-against group organizes and fights for equality, they will eventually attain it. For example, in the United States:
- Slavery was eliminated about 150 years ago, in 1865.
- Profoundly deaf couples were once prohibited from marrying in some states during the late 19th Century. These laws were repealed early in the 20th century.
- Inter-racial couples were only allowed to marry throughout the U.S. starting in 1967.
- During the 1970’s, mental health professional groups recognized that having a homosexual or bisexual orientation is a normal sexual variant rather than a mental illness.
- Same-gender sexual behavior in private between adults was decriminalized across the U.S. during 2004.
- Gay/same-sex marriage became generally available in mid-2015 throughout the United States, except for the territory of American Samoa, where most people are U.S. residents and not U.S. citizens. Thus, decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court do not necessarily apply there.
- During 2014, actress Laverne Cox became the first woman identified as transgender on the cover of Time magazine.
- During 2015, Caitlyn Jenner, a U.S. television personality and former gold medal-winning Olympic decathlete, was the first transgender woman on the cover of Vanity Fair.
- Also in 2015, Jazz Jennings, a young MTF transgender woman played herself in the TV show “I Am Jazz” on The Learning Channel. The show completed its third season in 2017-AUG. Season 4 has neither been cancelled or renewed.
- The 2017-JAN issue of National Geographic magazine featured the personal story of Avery Jackson, a nine-year-old transgender girl.
- During 2017-JUL, President Trump ordered that transgender persons be discharged from the military, and that no more be allowed to join, A Public Policy Polling (PPP) poll the following month found that 68% of American adults opposed the President’s decision and favored allowing qualified transgender service members to serve.
This a remarkably quick social change. In comparison, public acceptance of gay marriages has been evolving over almost three decades and still has not quite reached this level of acceptance.
The Williams Institute. New Study Suggests Link Between Experiences of Discrimination and Suicide Attempts Among Transgender People. Retrieved from https://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/press/press-releases/28-jan-201/
Religious Tolerance. The U.S. Supreme Court accepted the case Obergefell v. Hodges and issued its ruling, legalizing gay marriage throughout the U.S. Retrieved from http://www.religioustolerance.org/supreme-court-appeals-marriage-kentucky-michigan-ohio-tennessee-menu.htm
Religious Tolerance. Slavery. Retrieved from http://www.religioustolerance.org/slavery.htm
Religious Tolerance. The National Association of the Deaf (NAD) supports marriage equality. Retrieved from http:www.religioustolerance.org/homnad.htm
Religious Tolerance. Conflict over inter-racial marriage in the U.S.; Anti-miscegenation laws. Retrieved from http://www.religioustolerance.org/hom_mar14.htm
Religious Tolerance. U.S. laws that once criminalized same- gender sexual behavior. Retrieved from http://www.religioustolerance.org/hom_laws.htm
Religious Tolerance. Gay marriage in the… territory of American Samoa. Retrieved from http://www.religioustolerance.org/same-sex-marriage-american-samoa.htm
Religious Tolerance. Impact of President Trump’s Ban of Transgender Military Service members. Retrieved from http://www.religioustolerance.org/impact-of-trump-ban-of-military-transgender-service-members.htm
The views presented on this blog are an extension of those presented on the Religious Tolerance website. The purpose of all articles is to compare the full range of beliefs and actions by people who are members of various faith groups within Christianity and other world religions, individuals who are NOT Affiliated with a faith group (NOTAs), and secularists.