Hispanic Heritage Month And The Federal Republic Of Central America

Hispanic Heritage Month And The Federal Republic Of Central America September 15, 2017

Today is the beginning of Hispanic Heritage Month. It’s also the Independence Day of various Central American nations: Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa-Rica, and Guatemala. The purpose of this post is to briefly talk about the history of Hispanic Heritage Month and to teach readers about a period of Central American history that is often forgotten by people outside of Central America: the period of time when various Central American nations formed a single nation: The Federal Republic Of Central America.

The History Of Hispanic Heritage Month:

Hispanic Heritage Month began in 1968 as Hispanic Heritage Week under President Lyndon B. Johnson. It would later expand into a month during the administration of President Ronald Reagan in 1988 thanks to Public-Law 100-402. During this period, not only do Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa-Rica, and Guatemala have their Independence Days so too do Mexico and Chile during September 16th and September 18th respectively. There’s also what some estadounidenses call “Columbus Day” in mid October (October 12th specifically). Some people have started celebrating the Day Of Indigenous Resistance which is what’s celebrated in Venezuela, Dia de la Raza in Mexico and in some other Latin-American nations, and Indigenous People’s Day in some parts of the United States rather than devoting a day to the memory of someone who has gone from being sanctified to being reviled as historians have challenged and changed the way he is remembered by prevailing voices and not just the descendants of those he most impacted: the Indigenous inhabitants of the Americas.

Hispanic Heritage Month is an exciting opportunity for Hispanic, Latino, Latina, and Latinx groups to plan and host events and ambitious initiatives that can steer how our nation views and talks about our cultures, our heritages, our languages, our food, history, and more. It’s time for our groups to rise up and to talk about our issues and perspectives. I look forward to seeing how this month plays out for us as a community and for the nations we’re from and many of us still call home.

A Very Brief Origin Of Central American Independence From Spain And Under Mexico:

September 15th 1821 the Act Of Independence From Spain was enacted. Interestingly despite various representatives signing the act on September 15th 1821 the document wasn’t immediately accepted by the provinces and the first province to accept it was San Salvador (El Salvador) just 6 days later, then Comayagua (Honduras), and Nicaragua and Costa Rica on October 11th. President of Mexico’s provisional governing council Agustin de Iturbide would send a letter to Gabino Gainza (president of the interim government governing Central America) and the governing legislative body of the newly independent and loosely unified region asking to join Mexico under the three guarantees of the Treaty of Cordoba. It was brought to a vote in which all of the provinces agreed to be annexed, aside from San Salvador who voted against annexation. This would last just two years after which the leaders of a National Constituent Assembly would vote to declare independence from Spain, Mexico, and any other foreign nation.

The Federal Republic of Central America is an important thing to know about to understand some Central American history. It’s also a fascinating period in Central American history that deserves to be discussed in classrooms and in universities considerably more than it presently is, even in the United States.

Some Neat Facts About The Federal Republic Of Central America:

The Federal Republic Of Central America is a fascinating subject. Symbols of it are well-known since the Honduran flag, the Salvadorian flag, and the Nicaraguan flag all either resemble the flag of the Federal Republic Of Central America or indicate a desire for the Federal Republic Of Central America to form again (in the case of Honduras’s flag) or at least for a renewed and improved sense of brotherhood to be fostered among the children of the Federal Republic.

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Honduras’s flag.

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Nicaragua’s Flag

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Salvador’s flag

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Flag of the Federal Republic Of Central America

One of the Federal Republic Of Central America’s most influential figures is a man who was in his lifetime viewed as a skilled general, capable politician, and in many ways a fierce foe of the remnants of Spain such as the Church and the conservatives: Francisco Morazan. He is now seen as a patriotic man who was filled with an extraordinary amount of courage and remarkable talents when it came to both the battlefield and the legislative process but some criticize Morazan for not working hard enough to integrate Indigenous peoples into his vision of society which could have helped him successfully oust conservative institutions and leaders.

What I Want To Know From You:

Do you want me to spend more time writing about this period in history? Central America’s history has always been a bit volatile but this period is remarkably so and there’s plenty of stuff to write about if anyone wants to know more. I adore this period in history and could spend hours dissecting it, but I don’t want this blog to be filled with that sort of material, which is why my previous post was about focusing this blog. I only made an exception today to inform readers about Hispanic Heritage Month and about the Federal Republic Of Central America.

If you’d like to read more about this period in history would you be willing to read it if I started another blog just about Latin American history and news? If so, let me know!

The flag of the Federal Republic Of Central America.
The flag of the Federal Republic Of Central America.

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