Check out this TEDx talk from Raoul Martinez on the subject of free will, causal determinism and moral responsibility. I agree with everything therein. I have talked about brain tumours and moral responsibility here:
Some good implicit reference to John Loftus’ excellent The Outsider Test for Faith.
Check out Martinez’s book: Creating Freedom: The Lottery of Birth, the Illusion of Consent, and the Fight for Our Future.
The idea of “ultimate [moral] responsibility” is highly problematic, but we do not lose morality in causal determinism. In the same way something has the properties of aesthetic beauty to the beholder, so something has moral value, irrespective of the causal variables.
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