menu

Differences, Contradictions and Speculations of the Resurrection Listed

Differences, Contradictions and Speculations of the Resurrection Listed March 11, 2021

Here is a list of contradictions, differences and speculations found in Paul’s writings, the Gospels concerning the Resurrection accounts, and Acts, taken from Michael J. Alter’s tour de force, The Resurrection: A Critical Inquiry [UK]. This is a comprehensive list well worth perusing and checking out further. It was simply not possible for me to include all of these issues and problems to consider in a summary of the intended size of my own forthcoming book, so I ended up cherry-picking issues that were the most prominent. There are 120 “Differences and Contradictions” and 217 “Speculations”. Please check the thorough work he has done on them in his magnificent book.

DIFFERENCES and CONTRADICTIONS

  • #1: The Year Jesus Was Crucified
  • #2: The Controversy Regarding the Garments
  • #3: Nisan 14 or Nisan 15
  • #4: The Last Supper as a Passover Meal
  • #5: The Wrong Name in Mark 14:12
  • #6: The Day of the Week Jesus Was Crucified
  • #7: John Contradicts Mark
  • #8: Differing Accounts
  • #9: John 20:17 Contradicts Luke 23:43
  • #10: Significant Omissions of Luke’s Narrative in Three Gospels
  • #11: The Viability of the Dialogue
  • #12: When Jesus Spoke His Last Words
  • #13: Source and Lack of Verification
  • #14: Contradictory Narratives Regarding the Veil
  • #15: Historical Evidence
  • #16: Lack of Corroboration of the Resurrected Saints
  • #17: Contradiction about Who Was Raised First
  • #18: What the Centurion Saw
  • #19: Topography versus Matthew: The Centurion Could Not View the Tearing of the Temple’s Veil
  • #20: The Forsaking of the Disciples
  • #21: The Differing Accounts of the Women at the Cross during the Crucifixion
  • #22: The Prophetic Fulfillment Is Omitted in the Synoptics
  • #23: Exodus 12:46 Is Not a Prophetic Verse
  • #24: Psalm 34 Is Not a Prophetic Verse
  • #25: Lacks Corroboration and a Theological Agenda
  • #26: How Could John Know Blood and Water Exited Jesus’s Body?
  • #27: The Distorted Emotional Context of Zechariah 12
  • #28: The Distorted Historical Context of Zechariah 12—Israel Is Saved
  • #29: The Distorted Historical Context of Zechariah 12—Prophetic Fulfillment
  • #30: The Distorted and Mistranslated Subjects of “They” in Zechariah 12:10
  • #31: The Distorted and Mistranslated Subjects of “HIM” in Zechariah 12:10
  • #32: The Figurative Subject of “HIM” in Zechariah 12:10
  • #33: The Distorted and Understood PRONOUN of “HIM” in Zechariah 12:10
  • #34: Zechariah 12: Contradictory to the Olivet Discourse
  • #35: Luke Contradicts Mark and Matthew
  • #36: Why Pilate Should Not Have Been Amazed
  • #37: Who Took Jesus’s Body Down from the Cross?
  • #38: Joseph’s Purchase of the Linen Sheets
  • #39: Appearance Only in John
  • #40: Archaeological Rebuttal to an Existing Garden
  • #41: John and Acts versus the Synoptic
  • #42: Acts versus the Synoptics and John
  • #43: Luke versus Luke
  • #44: Conflicting Accounts
  • #45: Luke Contradicts Mark
  • #46: Luke Violates the Yom Tov
  • #47: The Gospels’ Violations of the Yom Tov
  • #48: Christian Apologists Doubt Its Historicity
  • #49: Historical Reliability
  • #50: The Sanhedrin Performing Work on the Sabbath by Sealing the Tomb
  • #51: Contradictory Historical Background
  • #52: Mark Provides No Time to Purchase the Spices
  • #53: Contradictory Arrival Time
  • #54: Contradictory Testimony
  • #55: Contradictory Testimony
  • #56: Absence from Sources
  • #57: Matthew’s Chronological Contradiction
  • #58: Apologetic Christian Sources Do Not Believe the Veracity of the Guard Episode
  • #59: Craig’s Apologetic
  • #60: It Is Possible that the Body Could Have Been Removed before the Stationing of the Guard
  • #61: Luke versus Matthew—“Until This Day”
  • #62: Contradictory Facts
  • #63: Matthew Contradicts Mark and Luke Contradicts Matthew
  • #64: Contradictory Emotions
  • #65: Contradictory Facts
  • #66: Luke Contradicts Mark and Matthew
  • #67: The Gospels Report Contradictory Emotional Reactions
  • #68: The Contradictions and Issues Related to the Women’s Silence
  • #69: Luke Contradicts the Other Synoptic Narratives
  • #70: Luke 24:49 Contradicts Matthew 28:10
  • #71: Four Different Stories
  • #72: The Conflicting Chronology
  • #73: Mary Magdalene Refutes that She Believed Jesus Was Going to Be Resurrected
  • #74: When Jesus Was Supposed to be Raised
  • #75: Which Women Saw the Post-resurrected Risen Jesus on Easter Sunday?
  • #75: Which Women Saw the Post-resurrected Risen Jesus on Easter Sunday?
  • #76: John versus Matthew and Luke
  • #77: Failure to Harmonize the Chronology
  • #78: Conflicting Details and the Impossibility to Harmonize the Chronology
  • #79: Matthew Contradicting Mark-Luke When Judas Was Paid
  • #80: Satan Being Judas’s Motivation for Betraying Jesus
  • #81: Contradictory Chronology When Judas Concocted His Plan
  • #82: Matthew’s False Citation of Jeremiah’s Name
  • #83: The Words of Jeremiah Were Not Prophetic
  • #84: The Prophecy Attributed to Jeremiah Could Not Really Be Zechariah 11:10–13
  • #85: Acts Contradicts Matthew—Judas’s Repentance
  • #86: Acts 1:18 Contradicts Matthew 27:7 Regarding the Action Taken by Judas
  • #87:  Acts 1:18 Contradicts Matthew 27:7 Regarding Who Purchased the Field
  • #88: Acts and Matthew—two Different Stories
  • #89: Why the Pilgrims Failed to Recognize Jesus during the Daylight
  • #90: When and Where the Gathering Occurred
  • #91: Paul and Luke Contradict Mark, Matthew, and John
  • #92: Peter’s Investigation of the Tomb Challenges 1 Corinthians 15:5
  • #93: The Number of Disciples Who Saw Jesus
  • #94: Matthew Contradicts Mark, Luke, and John
  • #95: Why Jesus Manifested Himself to His Disciples
  • #96: Where Jesus First Manifested Himself before His Disciples
  • #97: Contradictory Messages and Meeting Places
  • #98: Contradictory Responses from the Disciples
  • #99: Initial Contradictory Responses of Jesus to His Disciples
  • #100: John 20:20, 27—Jesus Showing His Hands, Feet, and Side
  • #101:  John versus the Three Synoptics and Acts
  • #102: When the Disciples Received the Holy Ghost
  • #103: John Contradicts John—Who Will Send the Holy Ghost?
  • #104: The Number of Signs and Who Witnessed the Signs
  • #105: Peter Contradicts Peter
  • #106: Why the Synoptic Authors Failed to Detail the Other Appearances in John
  • #107: Jesus’s Command to Take the Gospel to All the Nations
  • #108: Mark versus Matthew—Jesus’s Command to Baptize
  • #109: The Messiah’s Suffering and Rising
  • #110: Lack of Confirmation
  • #111: Luke 24:50–53 Contradicts John and Possibly Mark
  • #112: Acts Contradicts Luke
  • #113: Luke 24:51 Contradicts Luke 23:43
  • #114: Acts 1:9 Contradicts Luke 24:43
  • #115: Omissions Detailing the Ascension
  • #116:  Who Heard Jesus and What Did They Hear?
  • #117: Who Quoted the Words of Jesus, Who Had a Vision of Jesus, and Who Received a Commission from Jesus?
  • #118: Who Was Blinded?
  • #119: Who Was Baptized?
  • #120: Galatians Contradicts Acts

SPECULATIONS

  • #1: Was the Crucifixion Really in the Fall and Not in the Spring?
  • #2: Anomaly 1—Unexplained Rupture of the Storyline
  • #3: Anomaly 2—the Consequences of Following Judas
  • #4: Jesus as the Paschal Lamb
  • #5: John’s Theological Agenda of the Lamb of God
  • #6: Questions Raised about the Lamb of God
  • #7: John Writing to Appeal to the Gentiles
  • #8: The Use of Artos (Bread)
  • #9: Symbolism of the Bread and Wine and the Lack of a Lamb
  • #10: Jesus Left the Last Supper
  • #11: Criticisms Identified by Theissen, Merz, and Others
  • #12: Hints from Luke
  • #13: No Family Gathering
  • #14: The Logistics Prior to and Following the Passover Refute the Historicity
  • #15: Calendars and Methods of Dating
  • #16: The Day of Preparation
  • #17: Why John Would Not Mention the Chief Priests
  • #18: What Happened Just before Jesus Died
  • #19: Inauthentic Sayings of Jesus on the Cross
  • #20: The Cause of Jesus’s Death
  • #21: Conflicting Translations
  • #22: Jesus’s Death and the Darkness Motif—Symbolism
  • #23:  An Astral Sign as a Literary Device
  • #24: Astronomical and Physical Explanations for the Darkness
  • #25: Oddities Regarding the Tearing of the Temple’s Veil
  • #26: Symbolism of the Torn Veil
  • #27: Jesus Being the First Fruits of Those That Were Dead
  • #28: Did the Saints Arise Before or After Jesus’s Resurrection?
  • #29: A Vindication of Hope as the Origin of the Resurrected Saints
  • #30: Those Present during Jesus’s Death—the Acquaintances in Luke 23:49
  • #31: Improbability of the Presence under the Cross
  • #32: The Theological Agenda of John Regarding “the Beloved Disciple”
  • #33: Could John Have Possessed a Home?
  • #34: John’s Purpose of the Crurifragium
  • #35: How Do They Know a Bone Was Not Broken?
  • #36: John’s Invented Dubious Details and Theology
  • #37: Dubious Chronology of the Leg Breakings
  • #38: The First Breaking of Legs: An Interpolation of John 19:31–38
  • #39: The Location of the Request
  • #40: Explanations for the Blood and Water
  • #41: Why the Soldier Speared Jesus’s Body
  • #42: The Time of the Request
  • #43: The Logistics and Timing of Joseph’s Audience with Pilate
  • #44: The Significance of the Name Arimathea
  • #45: The Council to Which Joseph Belonged
  • #46: “Waiting for the Kingdom of God” and “Being a Disciple”
  • #47: The Meaning of “Rich Man” in Matthew 27:57
  • #48: An Anti-Jewish Motif
  • #49: The Jewish Obligation to Bury the Dead
  • #50: Did Joseph Care about the Two Crucified Thieves?
  • #51: Passover and the Sabbath
  • #52: To Humiliate and Bury Jesus in Shame
  • #53: Reasons for Pilate’s Amazement and Inquiry
  • #54: Rationales for Pilate Turning Over the Body
  • #55: Taking Down Jesus’s Body
  • #56: When Jesus’s Body Was Removed from the Cross
  • #57: The Origin of the Name “Nicodemus”
  • #58: The Weight and the Volume of the Spices
  • #59: Monetary Considerations
  • #60: Historical Precedent
  • #61: The Myrrh
  • #62:  The Purpose of the Body’s Preparation—an Apologetic
  • #63: Paralleling the Manger Episode
  • #64: The Burial Shroud
  • #65: Jesus Was Not Brain Dead while on the Cross
  • #66: A Literary Device
  • #67: Reenactment of Genesis
  • #68: Alternative Explanations for the Garden
  • #69: The Type of Tomb
  • #70: Interpretations of “No Man Was Ever Laid”
  • #71:  Joseph’s Motivation for Burying Jesus in His Personal
  • #72: Historical Accuracy of the Stone to Close Joseph’s Tomb
  • #73: The Practicality of Joseph Rolling the Stone
  • #74: The Purpose of the Numerous Witnesses
  • #75: Why Luke Modified Mark
  • #76: Luke’s Women Obtaining Their Spices
  • #77: The Plausibility of Luke’s Timeline
  • #78: The Apocrypha Supports the Guards at the Tomb
  • #79: Matthew Writing for a Jewish Audience
  • #80: The Unusual Wording in Matthew
  • #81: The Meaning of Verse 65
  • #82: The Sanhedrin Ordering Non-Jews to Work on the Sabbath
  • #83: Pilate’s Cooperation with the Jewish Leadership
  • #84: Privileged Communication
  • #85: Rationale for Invention of the Guard Episode—Proof of the Resurrection
  • #86: Rationale for Invention of the Guard Episode—Politics
  • #87: The Means of Securing the Tomb
  • #88: When the Women Set Off for the Tomb
  • #89: An Evening Visit to the Tomb
  • #90: Why the Women Left Early for the Tomb
  • #91: The Women’s Names
  • #92: The Women’s Purpose
  • #93:  Why the Women Did Not Bring People with Them
  • #94: Practicality of Receiving Assistance
  • From the Guard
  • #95: Practicality of Receiving Assistance from a Stranger
  • #96:  What Time the Second Earthquake Occurred
  • #97: Why Matthew Called the Second Earthquake “Great”
  • #98: Witnessing the Descent
  • #99: How the Stone Was Removed
  • #100: Why the Stone Was Removed
  • #101: Argumentum Ad Hominem (An Attack on the Jews versus Pointing Out the Facts)
  • #102: Plausibility of the Jewish Leadership Bribing the Guard
  • #103: No Effect of the Supernatural Events on the Jewish Leadership
  • #104: No Effect of the Supernatural Events on the Roman Guard
  • #105: Turning In the Soldiers
  • #106: Paradox of a Nonarrest
  • #107: The Roman Failure to Investigate
  • #108: Privileged Communication
  • #109: The Young Man Is Not an Angel
  • #110: The Young Man Is the Illegitimate Son of Mary Magdalene
  • #111: The Parallels with Daniel
  • #112: Angels as a Literary Device
  • #113: Would the Women Enter the Tomb Illegally?
  • #114: Why Peter’s Name Is Included in Mark’s Message
  • #115: Significance of the Empty Tomb
  • #116: The Relationship between Mark 10:32 and Mark 16:8
  • #117: The Relationship between Mark 6:50–52 and Mark 16:8
  • #118: The Relationship between Mark 1:27 and Mark 16:8
  • #119: The Relationship between Matthew 2:10 and Matthew 28:8
  • #120: Commentaries on the Women’s Silence
  • #121: The Purpose of Peter’s Investigation
  • #122: Peter’s Impulsive Behavior
  • #123: What the Other Disciple Believed
  • #124: Embellishment of the Grave Clothes
  • #125: The Grave Clothes as an Apologetic against Theft
  • #126: Jesus Withdrew from the Grave Leaving His Clothes Behind
  • #127: Did Jesus Leave the Tomb Naked?
  • #128: Petrine and Johannine Rivalry
  • #129: Why John Has Two Witnesses
  • #130: Plausibility of the Disciples Entering the Tomb
  • #131: The Hundred Pounds of Spices
  • #132: Legitimizing Faith in Jesus’s Resurrection
  • #133: The Historicity of Peter’s Lack of Faith
  • #134: Why Luke 24:12 Is Missing in Many Old Manuscripts
  • #135: The Viability of the Disciples’ Homes
  • #136: The “We” Controversy
  • #137: The Number of Visits to the Tomb
  • #138: Mary Magdalene and the Guard
  • #139: “Which Is To Say Master” Shows John Was Written to a Non-Jewish Audience
  • #140: The Meaning of the Phrase “Touch Me Not”
  • #141: Judas as a Thief
  • #142: The Existence of Judas
  • #143: What Judas Actually Did
  • #144: Reasons for Judas’s Betrayal
  • #145: The Value of Thirty Pieces of Silver
  • #146: Judas’s Nonbetrayal
  • #147: Evolution and Embellishment of Judas’s Life
  • #148: Why Judas Was Considered So Heinous
  • #149: Means of Judas’s Death
  • #150: Judas’s Demise Parallels the Deaths of Other Wicked People
  • #151: Theological Agenda of Acts
  • #152: Copyists’ Errors
  • #153: Judas Did Not Commit Suicide
  • #154: The Bursting Bowels as a Metaphor
  • #155: Judas Committed Suicide to Shame the Jewish Leadership
  • #156: Naming of the Field
  • #157: Jesus’s Role in the Judas Episode
  • #158: To Serve as a Warning to Those Who Renounce Jesus
  • #159: Explanation of the Concept “Apostle” and Judas’s Replacement
  • #160: The Location of Emmaus
  • #161: A Spiritual versus a Physical, Bodily Resurrection
  • #162: Problems with Luke’s Chronology
  • #163: The Bread
  • #164: Legend or Historical Narrative
  • #165:  Paul’s Pious Fraud
  • #166: Peter, Simon, Simon Peter, or Cephas
  • #167: Paul’s Source That Jesus Was First Seen by Peter
  • #168: The Twelve Disciples
  • #169: Jesus’s Means of Transport
  • #170: John’s Negative Motif on the Jews
  • #171: The Authenticity of Luke 24:36c
  • #172: Seeing and Touching Jesus in Jerusalem
  • #173: Jesus Eating as a Proof of a Physical, Bodily Resurrection
  • #174:  Questions Raised about Jesus Eating
  • #175: Thomas Putting His Hand Inside of God
  • #176:  Refutation of D. A. Carson’s Doubting Thomas Hypothesis
  • #177: Thomas and the Gift of the Holy Ghost
  • #178: Why Is It on the Eighth Day?
  • #179: Jesus Criticizes Thomas
  • #180: John’s Agenda in the Doubting Thomas Episode
  • #181: John’s Agenda
  • #182: The Call to the Lake Metaphor
  • #183: The Symbolism of the Number Seven
  • #184: Speculative Questions Regarding the Fish Catch
  • #185: The Symbolism of the Number 153
  • #186: The Source of the Fishing Story
  • #187: Peter’s Exaltation
  • #188: The Number Three—Fact or a Literary Device? (Symbolism)
  • #189: Irrelevancy of John’s Trustworthiness
  • #190: The Doubtful Authenticity of John 21:25
  • #191: Worshipping Jesus Does Not Equate with God
  • #192: The Significance of the Mountain
  • #193: The Some Who Doubted
  • #194:  Why Some Doubted
  • #195: Did Matthew Write the Trinitarian Formula in the Great Commission?
  • #196: Misunderstanding Over the Phrase “the Whole Land”
  • #197: Why Some Signs Are Accepted and Others Are Not
  • #198: Speaking in New Tongues
  • #199: The Purpose of Speaking in New Tongues
  • #200: Source Regarding Snakes and Drinking Any Deadly Thing
  • #201: Paul’s Bogus Challenge
  • #202: There Were No Contemporary Objections to Paul’s Claim
  • #203: The Impracticality of Sending an Investigator or Letter to Verify Paul’s Claim
  • #204: The Logistical Factors and Practicality of Sending an Investigator or Letter to Verify Paul’s Claim
  • #205: Numerological Speculations
  • #206: The Doublet Theory
  • #207: The Issue of Pontius Pilate’s Failure to Order an Investigation
  • #208: The Reliability Factor
  • #209: James, Jesus’s Stepbrother, as a Witness
  • #210: Who Were the Apostles?
  • #211: The Basis of Paul’s Claim of Apostleship
  • #212: Manuscript Difficulties
  • #213: Jesus Sitting at the Right Hand of God
  • #214:  Dubious Marching through the Streets at Nighttime
  • #215: Reasons to Doubt the Historicity of Saul’s Encounter with Jesus
  • #216: Does the Word “Ophthe” or “Vision” Support a Physical, Bodily Resurrection?
  • #217: How Paul Recognized Jesus Without Knowing Him

 


Stay in touch! Like A Tippling Philosopher on Facebook:

A Tippling Philosopher

You can also buy me a cuppa. Or buy some of my awesome ATP merchandise! Please… It justifies me continuing to do this!



"“VAERS is an early warning system. that’s all it is is, all it was ever ..."

Would Jesus Get Vaccinated?
"Well, if you don't believe the Pope, then whom do you believe...and why?Oh, one more ..."

Would Jesus Get Vaccinated?
"I should point out that my lack of optimism isn't for myself. I'm healthy, have ..."

Would Jesus Get Vaccinated?
"It is when your ID requirements are filtered through 50 different states where at least ..."

Humanists Urge Supreme Court to Protect ..."

Browse Our Archives