Token Skeptic Reading List

This will be added to periodically – many of the items come from my own library which keeps on growing!

Children’s Books – you should also check out my Skeptical Books for Children Series.

Older Readers (Aged 12 and up):

New To Skepticism? Building Up Your Skeptic Library? Consider the following as useful texts for either yourself or for others who question:

You might even like to check out Amanda Chesworth’s list on for more.

Research Papers – work I’m using myself or have referenced in my studies on anomalistic psychology and education:

Bartholomew, R., and Radford, B. (2003). Hoaxes, Myths and Manias: Why We Need Critical Thinking. Prometheus Books, New York.

Bleak, J., & Frederick, C. M. (1998). Superstitious behavior in sport: Levels of effectiveness and determinants of use in three collegiate sports. Journal of Sport Behavior, 21, 1-15.

Dag, I. (1999). The Relationships among Paranormal Beliefs, Locus of Control and Psychopathology in a Turkish College Sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 26, 723-737.

Franks, S.E. (2006). ‘Suzy the Computer versus Dr Sexy’. In Newitz, A. & Anders, C. (Eds.), She’s Such a Geek. Seal Press: CA.

Foster, D., Weigand, D., & Baines, D. (2006, June). The Effect of Removing Superstitious Behavior and Introducing a Pre-Performance Routine on Basketball Free-Throw Performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 18(2).

Hackling, M.W. and Prain, V. (2005) Primary Connections: Stage 2 Research Report. Canberra: Australian Academy of Science. (Available at

Kerr, D.P., Walsh D.M. & Baxter, D. (2003). Acupuncture in the management of chronic low back pain: a blinded randomized controlled trial. Clinical Journal of Pain, 19, 6, p364-370.

Lindeman, M. & Aarnio, K. (2007). Superstitious, magical, and paranormal beliefs: An integrative model, Journal of Research in Personality, 41(4), 731-744.

Lindeman, M. & Saher, M. (2007). Vitalism, purpose and superstition. British Journal of Psychology, Volume 98, Number 1, pp. 33-44.

Mandell, D.L, Claypool, L. D & Kay, D.J. (2005). Superstitions among perioperative nurses. AORN Journal.

Morris, S. C., Taplin, J. E., & Gelman, S. A. (2000). Vitalism in naive biological thinking. Developmental Psychology, 36, 582-613.

Pearson, G. (2000, July 2). Rite-minded: Sports fans find rituals help them get through the game. Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel.

Piaget, J. (1953). The origin of intelligence in the child. London: Routledge & Paul.

Renard, J.B. & Walker, S.R. (1987). The idea of chance: attitudes and superstitions. Diogenes, Dec 1987; vol. 35: pp. 111 – 140.

Roesch, B.S., and Moore, J.L. (2002). Cryptozoology. In Skeptic’s Encyclopedia of Pseudoscience, ed. Michael Shermer. ABC-Clio, New York.

Scharf, M., Mayseless, O., & Kivenson-Baron, I. (2004) Adolescents’ attachment representations and developmental tasks in emerging adulthood. Developmental Psychology, 40, 430-444.

Schlitz, M., Wiseman, R., Watt, C., & Radin, D. (2006). Of two minds: Skeptic-proponent collaboration within parapsychology. British Journal of Psychology, 97, 313-322.

Schippers, M.C. & Van Lange, P. A. M. (2006) The Psychological Benefits of Superstitious Rituals in Top Sport: A Study Among Top Sportspersons. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 36 (10) , 2532–2553.

Shearer, R. & Davidhizar, R. (2000) Luck: What the nurse should know about it and how it affects nursing situations. International Journal of Nursing Practice 6, 2-6.

Thompson, D.A & Adams, S.L. (1996). The full moon and ED patient volumes: Unearthing a myth. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 14, 161-164.

Vokey, J.R. (2002). Subliminal messages. In J.R. Vokey & S.W Allen (Eds.), Psychological sketches (6th ed., pp.223-246). Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada: Psyence Ink.

Vokey, J.R & Read, J.D. (1985). Subliminal messages: Between the devil and the media. American Psychologist, 40, 1231-1239.

Winer, G. A., Cottrell, J. E., Gregg, V., Fournier, J. S., & Bica, L. A. (2002). Fundamentally misunderstanding visual perception: Adults’ beliefs in visual emissions. American Psychologist, 57, 417-424.

Wiseman, R. & Watt, C. (2004). Measuring superstitious belief: Why lucky charms matter. Personality and Individual Differences, 37, 1533-1541.

White, P., Lewith, G., & Prescott, P. (2004). Acupuncture versus placebo for the treatment of chronic mechanical neck pain. Ann Intern Med., 141(12):911-9.

Wolfradt, U. (1997). Dissociative Experiences, Trait Anxiety and Paranormal Beliefs. Personality and Individual Differences, 23, 15-19.

Vyse, S. A. (1997). Believing in magic: The psychology of superstition. New York: Oxford University Press.

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