The word “solemn” has a range of meaning that borders on the paradoxical. Most commonly, outside of church parlance, it’s synonymous with somber and serious. In a liturgical context, however, it approaches the opposite meaning: the more solemn a feast day, the more festive and celebratory. There is a logical connection here in terms of the weight the Church invests the great solemnities with; in a really good liturgy – one that begins to get at the utter craziness of the truths being proclaimed – one might find the kind of deep beauty and wonderment that contains more than a hint of gravitas. Thus, the Church’s celebration truly is serious business (as any liturgist could surely tell you).
And so it’s a fitting paradox too that, on one of the most joyous feasts of the Christian year, a pope so well known for preaching and embodying joy showed the world his somber side. As I mentioned recently, one of the qualities I love most about Pope Francis is his capacity for lament, and his traditional “Urbi et Orbi” message for Christmas day, inspired by Simeon’s great messianic confession of faith, turned the sight of the salvation of the world in infant form to its places of deepest suffering.
The full message, via the Vatican news service, is worth a slow and prayerful read.
Dear Brothers and Sisters, Happy Christmas!
Jesus, the Son of God, the Saviour of the world, is born for us, born in Bethlehem of a Virgin, fulfilling the ancient prophecies. The Virgin’s name is Mary, the wife of Joseph.
Humble people, full of hope in the goodness of God, are those who welcome Jesus and recognize him. And so the Holy Spirit enlightened the shepherds of Bethlehem, who hastened to the grotto and adored the Child. Then the Spirit led the elderly and humble couple Simeon and Anna into the temple of Jerusalem, and they recognized in Jesus the Messiah. “My eyes have seen your salvation”, Simeon exclaimed, “the salvation prepared by God in the sight of all peoples” (Lk 2:30).
Yes, brothers and sisters, Jesus is the salvation for every person and for every people!
Today I ask him, the Saviour of the world, to look upon our brothers and sisters in Iraq and Syria, who for too long now have suffered the effects of ongoing conflict, and who, together with those belonging to other ethnic and religious groups, are suffering a brutal persecution. May Christmas bring them hope, as indeed also to the many displaced persons, exiles and refugees, children, adults and elderly, from this region and from the whole world. May indifference be changed into closeness and rejection into hospitality, so that all who now are suffering may receive the necessary humanitarian help to overcome the rigours of winter, return to their countries and live with dignity. May the Lord open hearts to trust, and may he bestow his peace upon the whole Middle East, beginning with the land blessed by his birth, thereby sustaining the efforts of those committed effectively to dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians.
May Jesus, Saviour of the world, protect all who suffer in Ukraine, and grant that their beloved land may overcome tensions, conquer hatred and violence, and set out on a new journey of fraternity and reconciliation.
May Christ the Saviour give peace to Nigeria, where [even in these hours] more blood is being shed and too many people are unjustly deprived of their possessions, held as hostages or killed. I invoke peace also on the other parts of the African continent, thinking especially of Libya, South Sudan, the Central African Republic, and various regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. I beseech all who have political responsibility to commit themselves through dialogue to overcoming differences and to building a lasting, fraternal coexistence.
May Jesus save the vast numbers of children who are victims of violence, made objects of trade and trafficking, or forced to become soldiers; children, so many abused children. May he give comfort to the families of the children killed in Pakistan last week. May he be close to all who suffer from illness, especially the victims of the Ebola epidemic, above all in Liberia, in Sierra Leone and in Guinea. As I thank all who are courageously dedicated to assisting the sick and their family members, I once more make an urgent appeal that the necessary assistance and treatment be provided.
The Child Jesus. My thoughts turn to all those children today who are killed and ill-treated, be they infants killed in the womb, deprived of that generous love of their parents and then buried in the egoism of a culture that does not love life; be they children displaced due to war and persecution, abused and taken advantage of before our very eyes and our complicit silence. I think also of those infants massacred in bomb attacks, also those where the Son of God was born. Even today, their impotent silence cries out under the sword of so many Herods. On their blood stands the shadow of contemporary Herods. Truly there are so many tears this Christmas, together with the tears of the Infant Jesus.
Dear brothers and sisters, may the Holy Spirit today enlighten our hearts, that we may recognize in the Infant Jesus, born in Bethlehem of the Virgin Mary, the salvation given by God to each one of us, to each man and woman and to all the peoples of the earth. May the power of Christ, which brings freedom and service, be felt in so many hearts afflicted by war, persecution and slavery. May this divine power, by its meekness, take away the hardness of heart of so many men and women immersed in worldliness and indifference, the globalization of indifference. May his redeeming strength transform arms into ploughshares, destruction into creativity, hatred into love and tenderness. Then we will be able to cry out with joy: “Our eyes have seen your salvation”.
With these thoughts I wish you all a Happy Christmas!
The press may have highlighted the solemnity, in the conventional sense, of the pope’s message – and not necessarily wrongly – but it is a lament deeply infused with hope, paradoxically all the more joyful for its recognition of “so many tears”. The Incarnation is not about papering over the tears with superficial jollity; it is infinitely better news than that: by becoming flesh and dwelling among us, the eternal Word of God has entered deeply into both the joys and the sufferings of our human condition, for the redemption of all those who still suffer.
The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; upon those who dwelt in the land of gloom a light has shone.
Save us, Savior of the world, from brutal persecution, from hatred and violence, from unjust deprivation, from trade and trafficking and epidemic, from the curette and the bomb, from worldliness and indifference. Lead us into hospitality and dignity, fraternity and reconciliation. Transform arms into ploughshares, destruction into creativity, hatred into love and tenderness. Let us see your salvation and cry out with joy.
The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this!
“Truly there are so many tears this Christmas, together with the tears of the Infant Jesus.”
And the tears of God with us are good news indeed.