An Intimate Pentecost: Reflections on John 14:8-17, 25-27
John 14:8-17; 25-27
May 19, 2013
Fifteen years ago our family visited the Biblical Arts Center in Dallas, Texas where we now live. Our children were particularly taken with the 124-by-20 foot oil painting by Torger Thompson entitled "Miracle at Pentecost." It was displayed every hour on the half hour accompanied by a light and music show. The painting depicted the Acts 2:1-13 version of Pentecost, complete with over two hundred biblical characters. Completed in 1969, it was the centerpiece of the museum from 1969-2005 when the museum was gutted by a fire and the painting was destroyed. The museum has since reopened with new galleries and a new name: "The Museum of Biblical Art." And though the painting was destroyed by fire, today we can still celebrate that the Miracle at Pentecost lives on.
A visual depiction of the Acts version called for a painting that was panoramic in size and scope. It called for special lighting effects and sound. I vividly remember that as our family sat in the theater seats, a spotlight lit up various people in the painting and a recorded narration recounted their stories. I thoroughly enjoyed the painting and the panoramic presentation. But I was a spectator, beholding a long ago event, dramatic, yet distant. That is how I sometimes have felt in reading the Acts 2:1-13 version of the "miracle at Pentecost." John's more intimate introduction of the Holy Spirit occurs in John 20:19-23. Our text for this week from John 14 is Jesus' promise that it is on its way.
Our text could be portrayed by a portrait rather than a panorama, and that portrait would feature two people, Jesus and Philip. It would depict this interchange, which comes near the beginning of what scholars call "The Last Discourse" (13:31-17:26) in John's gospel. Jesus has just told the disciples that "If you know me, you will know my Father also. From now on, you do know him and have seen him"(14:7).
Philip seems to be demanding a literal sighting. "Show us the Father and we will be satisfied" (14:8).
Jesus chastises him with a rhetorical question. "Have I been with you all this time, Philip, and still you do not know me?" Apparently Philip's answer to Jesus' question is "Yes." "Yes, you have been with me all this time and still do not know you."
It is possible to be near someone for years and not be close to them. I am embarrassed to say that I have lived across the street from my neighbors for thirteen years, and I don't know anything much about them beyond their names. I put Christmas cookies on their front step this year with a card, but that is not really much of an effort. If I live here for thirteen more years, will anything change? Clearly, proximity doesn't equal relationship.
I've written in past columns and blogs about the difficulty we sometimes have in appropriating the Good News of Easter. It occurs to me that the same could be said of the "Miracle at Pentecost" of Acts 2. It's dramatic and distant—what does it have to do with us? It might help us to remember that, as with the good news of Easter, not everybody "got it," and certainly not everybody "got it" right away.
If I were to paint a picture of Pentecost in John's Gospel, it wouldn't have to be 124-by-20 feet. But it might include several people who, in one on one encounters with Jesus, misunderstood his message and identity because they were operating on the literal level and Jesus was operating on the level of spiritual reality. My painting might be called "Misunderstanding of Pentecost."
Alyce M. McKenzie is the George W. and Nell Ayers Le Van Professor of Preaching and Worship at Perkins School of Theology, Southern Methodist University.