I’m spending a lot of time in Romans 2 recently as part of some commentary writing. It’s really a case of deja vu, as I’ve been here before (see Saving Righteousness of God, chap. 7), but there is always so much to mull over. Along the way, I was struck by an interesting comment made by Francis Watson (Paul, Judaism, and the Gentiles, 211) that: “A comparison between Cranfield and Kasemann shows the Reformed commentator to be more at home in this passage than the Lutheran one.” So true.
I have to say that Stowers is interesting here, Campbell is on his own, Bassler is half right, and there is a broad and yet strange coalition of agreement about how to handle Rom 2:14-15, 25-29 by Barth, Cranfield, Watson, Gathercole, and Wright, who see it as referring to Christian Gentiles who fulfil the law by their life in the Spirit.