The psychodramas and the traumas gone, the songs are left unsung: Tandyn Almer, 1942-2013

Yesterday I was humbled to attend the funeral of a remarkable man I never met in person, but without whose music the course of my life would have been much different: Tandyn Almer, the songwriter best known for penning the Association’s groundbreaking debut hit “Along Comes Mary.”

Tandyn Almer, circa 1966, pictured on cover of upcoming compact disc of previously unreleased demos (via Ashbee’s Fragments)

The Association sing “Along Comes Mary” on “The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour,” 1967

In 1988 I was a nineteen-year-old college student obsessed with learning everything I could about the recently deceased 1960s record producer Curt Boettcher, after being given some of his music by my songwriter friend Shane Faubert.

Curt’s big break was producing the Association’s “Along Comes Mary,” a song he had first heard from Tandyn himself, as the two were close friends and songwriting collaborators. Their friendship would sadly end over Curt’s insistence that he receive co-writing credit for having contributed significantly to “Along Comes Mary,” a claim Tandyn vehemently denied. (Curt had sung on Tandyn’s demo of the tune, and he alleged that, in singing it, he had altered the arrangement enough to make it essentially a different song.)

Although Curt’s claim to co-authorship of “Along Comes Mary” may have been wishful thinking, his production of the song “has stood the test of time,” as Al Kooper recently noted. Thanks to a YouTube user, you can hear the backing track and try to grasp how avant-garde both Almer’s melody and Boettcher’s production must have sounded to listeners in early 1966.

Almer’s composition fascinated Leonard Bernstein, who said in 1966, “I am a fanatic music lover. I can’t live one day without hearing music, playing it, studying it, or thinking about it. And all this is quite apart from my professional role as musician; I am a fan, a committed member of the musical public. And in this role of simple music lover, I confess, freely though unhappily, that at this moment, God forgive me, I have far more pleasure in following the musical adventures of Simon and Garfunkel or of The Association singing ‘Along Comes Mary’ than I have in most of what is being written now by the whole community of avant-garde composers. Pop music seems to be the only area where there is to be found unabashed vitality, the fun of invention, the feeling of fresh air.”

Bernstein featured “Along Comes Mary” in his “Young People’s Concert” episode titled “What Is a Mode?” In the case of “Along Comes Mary,” the answer is Dorian.

The above clip only has a small segment of Bernstein’s discussion of “Along Comes Mary” (starting at :31)—here is the full transcript (via

Now here’s another piece in the Dorian mode—I wonder if you know this one.


Along comes Mary, in the ancient and honorable Dorian mode—the same mode we just heard in Debussy and in the plain-chant. Now who’d have thunk it? What is that old Greek mode doing in today’s pop music? Well, I’ll tell you. From about the time of Bach until the beginning of our own century—roughly two hundred years—our Western music has been based almost exclusively on only two modes—the major and the minor. I can’t go into the whys and wherefores of it now, but it’s true. And since most of the music we hear in concerts today was written during that two hundred-year period, we get to think that major and minor modes are all there are. But the history of music is much longer than a mere two hundred years. There was an awful lot of music sung and played before Bach, using all kinds of other modes. And in the music of our own century, when composers have gotten tired of being stuck with major and minor all the time, there has been a big revival of those old pre-Bach modes. That’s why Debussy used them so much, and other modern composers like Hindemith and Stravinsky, and almost all the young song writers of today’s exciting pop music scene.

The modes have provided them with a fresh sound, a relief from that old, overused major and minor. For instance, if that swinging opening of Along Comes Mary had been written in the usual, everyday minor mode, it would sound like this.

[PLAY: Almer - Along Comes Mary]

Sort of square, isn’t it? Ordinary. But this,

[PLAY: Almer - Along Comes Mary]

this has a kick in it, and the kick is Dorian.


You can see that this Dorian mode is almost like an ordinary minor mode, but not quite. And that not quite is what makes the big difference, and that difference gives the music a certain ancient, primitive, Oriental feeling. That’s why the plain chant we heard before is so stirring, so ancient as to seem timeless. And that’s why the tune in Debussy’s Ftes seems so exotic and of another age. And that’s why Along Comes Mary sounds so primitive, and earthy.

Through my research on Curt, I discovered other fantastic songs by Tandyn. One of the best was “Musty Dusty,” recorded in 1966 by Curt’s group the Ballroom, but unreleased until 1968, when it emerged (with minor sonic tweaks) on the first album by Sagittarius, Curt’s studio group with Beach Boys producer Gary Usher. More than twenty-five years after hearing it for the first time, it still gives me goosebumps.

Tandyn’s name was left off the writing credit for the Sagittarius album. Reportedly it was payback for Curt’s name being left off “Along Comes Mary” (perhaps instigated by Curt’s publisher, as one would like to think Curt would not have been so petty).

Along similar lines of toytown psychedelia is “Little Girl Lost and Found,” written by Tandyn along with Johnny Walsh. It was released in 1967 by studio group the Garden Club, featuring “Windy” songwriter Ruthann Friedman on lead vocals.

(On a very odd “Six Degrees of Separation” note, when I first discovered the Garden Club 45 in the 25-cent bin at Bleecker Bob’s in 1988, I noticed the B-side was co-written by a writer named Podell. The name was familiar to me because my mother had told me about a New Christy Minstrels member named Art Podell whom she had dated before she met my father. I ended up tracking down Art, who was very gracious, and told me stories about Curt, Tandyn, Biff Rose, and various figures he knew from the Sixties Los Angeles music scene. So, in a sense, I have a “family connection” to Tandyn.)

But let us return for a moment to “Dorian mode”-style Almer: “You Turn Me Around,” a composition of his that was recorded by the Ballroom in 1966. The song did not see the light of day until the CD era, when labels started unearthing rare Boettcher recordings (some of which had liner notes written by me).

Apart from “Musty Dusty,” my favorite Almer song is the wonderful  “Shadows and Reflections,” written with Larry Marks. It seems to me that whenever Tandyn had a co-writer, the collaborator’s contribution was mainly to the music, because his songs’ lyrics all have similarly sophisticated types of wordplay, internal rhyme, and so on.

Here is the original “Shadows and Reflections,” recorded in 1967 by Almer’s friend Eddie Hodges (not the Byzantine Empire, despite the image used by the YouTube user):

And here is the excellent cover version by U.K. mod band the Action:

Oh, what the heck—and here is the psyched-out, James Bond-style instrumental version by the Lownly Crowde, a favorite of Northern Soul fans:

At the height of the psychedelic era, in 1968, Tandyn with Eddie Hodges wrote and produced both sides of a 45 released under the group name Paper Fortress. Hodges says in a comment on a YouTube posting of “Butterfly High” that the voices on the recording are all his (singing lead) and Tandyn’s.

In the early 1970s, Tandyn became best friends with Brian Wilson (who recalled Tandyn fondly in a 2011 interview). He contributed to the Beach Boys’ 1973 hit “Sail On, Sailor” as well as their album track “Marcella.” But shortly thereafter, he dropped out of the music business and moved to the Washington, D.C., area. He became a mysterious figure, the subject of rumors and legends, not unlike another hit songwriter, P.F. Sloan, whose enigmatic departure from the Los Angeles rock scene became the subject of a popular song by Jimmy Webb.

I had one encounter with Tandyn, phoning him out of the blue in 1990 after getting his number from my friend Phast Phreddie Patterson, who was then working at Warner Chappell Music Publishing. Understandably, he was not terribly enthusiastic about speaking to a young woman whose sole interest was finding out details of his work with Curt Boettcher. He did give me one piece of information that I found valuable: his erstwhile songwriting collaborator Johnny Walsh was, he said, the same John Walsh who hosted TV’s “America’s Most Wanted.” It was years before I discovered he was pulling my leg.

And so it was that I attended Tandyn’s funeral today, not as a friend, but as a fan, wanting to learn about the man I barely knew and share what information I had about his career with his family and friends. Other than myself and his sister-in-law, who organized the service, all those who attended were friends from Almer’s second life on the East Coast. Many knew him from his membership in the local Mensa and his songwriting for the venerable Washington, D.C., political-satirical musical-comedy review Hexagon.

It was beautiful, albeit bittersweet, to hear recollections of Tandyn, as it made me wish I had known him beyond that youthful phone call. One of the most memorable stories was from a performer who had worked with him in Hexagon who recalled hearing Tandyn say he had been interviewed by Leonard Bernstein on the 1967 CBS television special “Inside Pop.” The performer said he took Tandyn’s claim with a grain of salt—until one day, visiting the Museum of Broadcasting in New York City, he took a look at the archived video of the program. The very first image he saw was the face of his friend, chatting with the great composer—”and,” he noted in wonderment, “they’re lighting each other’s cigarettes.”

Leonard Bernstein: you see you’re supposed to say – to me – ‘you represent everything I hate’

Tandyn Almer: – but that’s not true -

Leonard Bernstein: I’m supposed to say to you ‘you represent everything I don’t understand…but so far I understand everything you’ve said, and so far you say you trust me

Tandyn Almer: – you shouldn’t look down on a whole group of people because of some of them, y’know …

Leonard Bernstein: Well, in addition to the age I represent – I represent, um, the bourgeouis family man, I represent an institution, like the New York Philharmonic which I am the head of -

Tandyn Almer: – I understand

Leonard lights Tandyn’s cigarette.

Leonard Bernstein: (continuing) I represent the ‘establishment’ if you wish – in a way I hate that word, and I don’t like to think of myself that way – but that’s something you would naturally rebel against

Tandyn Almer: (nodding) yes

Leonard Bernstein: but I don’t find you rebelling against me – I would like to … I want you to hit me, to tell me – [transcript via Arkonia]

But by far the most enlightening stories were those that Tandyn’s sister-in-law shared from his mother, now 94 and still in Tandyn’s home state of Minnesota.

When Tandyn was small, his mother used to read him a book every day at lunch. One day, when he was four, he announced to her that he would read her the book instead. And he did. Later—I think even that same day, if I heard correctly—his mother was doing dishes when she heard piano music coming from the next room. She didn’t think anything of it, thinking it was the phonograph. But when she walked into the room, she saw that the phonograph was not playing: it was Tandyn at the piano, playing by ear a classical piece he had heard. With two hands. She promptly took him to a local conservatory and he was admitted on the spot.

A few weeks later, Tandyn started kindergarten, and, a few weeks after that, his mother began getting phone calls from the school. The child was labeled a problem because he failed to pay attention. His mother insisted to school officials that he was extraordinarily advanced and needed more challenging schoolwork, but there were no “gifted and talented” classes in 1946. That was the beginning of a painful and isolating time for Tandyn.

Unless I’m getting the timeline wrong, I think it was a few years afterwards that Tandyn’s mother took him away with her from his father, who drank and had been increasingly abusive, both verbally and physically. The mother and child made their escape secretly, with the help of a relative. Tandyn grieved over having to leave behind his beloved dog.

The mother and child moved into a basement apartment, which his mother chose because it had two pianos. One day not long after—again, if I heard the timeline correctly—she came home to find he had moved the pianos together and was playing them both.

Hearing those stories of Tandyn’s childhood was a revelation for me. Although I had always loved “Musty Dusty” and “Little Girl Lost and Found,” I had thought their language was a bit affected. After all, lots of people were singing about lost toys and Alice in Wonderland in those days of flower children. Now, when I hear lyrics like “musty, dusty, tattered and torn, all of the toys I played with, … all of my memories shattered and gone,” they relate directly and powerfully to Tandyn’s lived experience. Likewise with “Shadows and Reflections” and its description of an “old vacant apartment” that is a reminder of a love that can no longer be found.

Tandyn’s friends from later life spoke of how he moved from one basement apartment to another. He could not go home again.

Yet, Tandyn in his way did make a home for himself, gathering to himself people over the years who loved his generosity of spirit and the way he had of bringing out the best in those around him. His humility was mentioned again and again by those close to him. Not something one would necessarily expect to hear about a celebrated genius.

I hope that someone from the Washington Post or another major publication writes an obituary of Tandyn so that those who know him only from his songs can know more about the beautiful personal achievements he attained despite many hardships. In the meantime, give a listen to the songs featured above and say a prayer for his repose.

Eternal rest grant unto him, O Lord, and let perpetual light shine upon him. May he rest in peace. Amen.

  • Joanne K McPortland

    What a lovely tribute. When I was in high school, a friend’s older sister was dating Tandyn. She knew how much I loved The Association and especially “Along Comes Mary,” which in those heady days of post-Vatican II creativity I once incorporated into a poetic reflection for our school’s annual Queen’s Day tribute to the Blessed Virgin Mary, and told Tandyn. He gave me, by way of my friend, a hand-written chart of the song—lost along the way through the decades, but still precious in memory. May he rest in peace, and meet face to face the Mary who matters.

    • Dawn Eden

      Amen! What a beautiful story! Thank you for sharing it.

  • RSVS

    Thank you groovy mama! My three yr old likes this. Is Tandyn his real name? Weird that a mom in the 40s would spell a name with a “y”. I thought only try-hard to be unique moms of today did that.

  • brad

    Thank you so much for this flowing tribute to an often overlooked figure. May his soul rest in peace, indeed. Even though the focus of most of your writing in recent years is about matters spiritual, you remain one of the premier chroniclers of the Golden Age of American Top 40 pop music. And these You Tube links are a revelation. I had no idea some of them were available—wow! Please continue to explore this topic as circumstances allow. There is still so much to say…..

  • Dave Miller

    Tandyn was a very decent person. I never heard him say a harsh or negative word about anyone. I knew him through Washington Mensa. And “Mary” brings back fond memories of the beach almost 50 years ago, and a friend, now dead, who loved that song.

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  • funoka

    Thanks — for the story — the links and background are fantastic. Here’s something on the blog Rock Town Hall.

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  • Michael Almer

    Indeed, a beautiful tribute. I do have one correction, or perhaps just an addition, regarding the circumstances surrounding the separation of Tandyn’s parents. Tandyn, or Tanny as we knew him, was my uncle. Or perhaps my half-uncle as my father was his half-brother. In 1952 or 1953, Tandyn and my grandfather showed up at my family’s home in Oxnard, CA. His dad had “kidnapped” him (not exactly how the act was viewed in the 50s) from his mother in Minneapolis. They lived with us for a couple of months until Tandyn’s mom discovered where her boy was, and kidnapped him back. Then back to Minnesota. That was the last time I saw him. A few years later, in 1956, while my mom was at work , my own dad kidnapped my sister, brother and I and took us back to Minnesota. When I eventually tracked Tandyn down about 10 years ago, we exchanged emails about this and other family stories to our mutual enjoyment. I wish we’d spoke more often. He will be missed.

    • Dawn Eden

      Thanks, Michael–very glad you liked the post! I am so sorry that both you and Tandyn endured such upheaval in childhood. At the same time, it’s good to hear that you both were able to reconnect and enjoy contact with one another later in life.

  • FM Fats

    Thanks so much for this. It is one of the best blog posts I have ever read.

  • Kevin Walsh

    We’re not on facebook, but: ‘Like’

  • Zach M

    Fantastic article. I’m a big Boettcher fan, but didn’t know about this guy. Amazing work. “Little Girl Lost and Found” has been a favorite song every since I found it in the epic Lost Jukebox compilation series about 10 years ago, but I was unaware of the Paper Fortress record. I’ll defintely be exploring this guy’s work.

  • Gary Maher

    I enjoyed reading this very much. Thanks for all you continue do to seek out information about the unfairly overlooked heroes of 60′s rock music and for sharing that information with us. You rock, Dawn!

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  • Chris

    Wish you’d write about music more often Dawn!

  • Pat Beckers

    I stumbled upon this page while googling, trying to find some info on the Sure Cure and Paper Fortress Tandyn Almer singles. Great article! Brought back a lot of wonderful musical memories. I have always loved Little Girl Lost and Found (a fond thanks to the person who introduced me to it years ago!) and especially Eddie Hodgen’s version of Shadows and Reflections. Thanks!