A big announcement is scheduled for Wednesday from the scientists at the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN). The internet scuttlebut is that they finally have proof of the existence of the Higgs boson, the particle which gives all other particles their mass. They allegedly have a “four sigma level” (about 99.99%) certainty of the particle’s existence.
Let the misreporting commence!
The Higgs boson has come to be known as “the God particle,” after the unfortunate title of a book by Leon Lederman. One would imagine that a particle known everywhere as “the God particle” would have some theological relevance, so let me take a moment to explain:
It has no theological relevance whatsoever.
It doesn’t have to do with God at all. If I recall correctly, the title came from the fact that the existence of the Higgs boson, like the existence of God, was hard to prove. In the mind of the public, however, it’s become the particle that either proves (or disproves) the existence of God. I think even Lederman regrets that the name stuck.
The name will certainly confuse the issue, and with the help of shoddy science reporting people will jump straight to the wrong connection between the discovery and religion. So let me say again: there is no connection.
Here’s the simplest description I can manage of what the Higgs boson does, if it exists: it gives mass to other particles. If the Higgs boson did not exist, particles would just zip through the universe at the speed of light. They would not be able to form into the atoms which comprise the material universe.
The problem is that the Higgs boson exists for such a brief period that we’ve never been able to prove it does exist. Enter the Large Hadron Collider, which was created (at a cost of about $9 billion) largely to “find” the Higgs boson. The collider is a vast underground loop which fires proton beams in opposite directions, so they “collide.” The scientists then observe the collision of particles within these beams, looking for some measurable reaction.
What does the proof of the Higgs boson mean to the layperson? Not much, really. It’s interesting, but its relevance right now is largely confined to the realm of theoretical physics. Wired is headlining their story about announcement “How the discovery of the Higgs boson could break physics,” which is just headline link-bait for an article that’s actually pretty interesting. Wired’s take is that the particle is looking “too ordinary,” which means it doesn’t seem “unruly” enough to fit into a final “theory of everything.”
Wired focuses on the idea that a simple Higgs boson doesn’t do much to fill in the gaps of the standard model of particle physics, and focuses on its problems for the theory of supersymmetry. Since I just about grasp the standard model, I’m not going to go any further into the supersymmetry issue (maybe Leah Libresco will tackle the issue), but Wired does a decent job of explaining it and what the July 4th announcement might mean.
Anyway, here’s your handy-dandy one-stop guide for dumb headlines on Thursday. If they say “Does new discovery prove that God does/doesn’t exist?” the answer is no for both. It proves the Higgs boson exists, which we already suspected since particles have, y’know, mass. Proof is nice. Additional data about the nature of the particle is even better. The implications for theoretical physics are huge. The implications for the rest us? Not so huge. It’s not going to open a door to another universe and let the Elder Gods through (long have I waited for you, Cthulhu!) or allow us to create a time machine or a sonic screwdriver or anything cool like that.
If you need to imagine a relevant theological analogy, then try this: if we think of the universe as the book written by God, and atoms as the paper and ink, then the proof of the Higgs boson tells us a bit about the composition and elemental nature of that paper and ink. It’s not a great analogy, but it will do.