Not Enough Religion in Politics?

“Be not conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind.”  (Romans 12:2) This was the Apostle Paul’s counsel to the Christian community at Rome.  He challenged them to live by a different lifestyle and spiritual orientation than the culture around them.  Paul knew that we are children of our culture, but our culture need not determine our beliefs or actions.  There is a divine restlessness that lures us away from polarization, consumerism, nationalism, and idolatry toward a humble alignment with the message of the healer from Galilee.  Paul’s words are as appropriate for Christians in the American Empire as they were to first century Christians living in the shadow of the Roman Empire.  Be in this world, rejoice in its beauty, seek the well-being of all, but keep a critical distance from its economics, power plays, and political intrigues.

It is impossible to separate religion from politics.  We are whole persons whose faith shapes our values and political stances. Being born in the USA profoundly shapes who I am and the nature of my values.  I embrace many of my country’s gifts and values, but there has been much I’ve had to unlearn and oppose. As citizens, we are persons whose faith is shaped by our environment and by our social and political positions.  We often uncritically justify these positions by our religious principles, which we often justify without self-criticism.  The issue of faith in politics is not only what we believe but how we believe what we believe.  This has both religious and political implications.

Be not conformed, be transformed! At the heart of the Abrahamic religions is the recognition that persons are prone to absolutize finite and relative positions.  In fact, all positions are relative and subject to critique in relationship to the divine. This is also at the heart of USA democracy, whose “separation of powers” and “separation of church and state” (non-establishment of any religion) recognizes that no political or religious position can be held as absolute in a free society, but there are many pathways to truth in both politics and religion.  The three branches of government emerged to provide a check on the potentially coercive and destructive impact of monolithic political perspectives. We need political diversity, just as we need religious diversity to be a healthy nation.  In fact, we need to be grateful for those who hold contrasting viewpoints, since they often provide a check on our own political excesses.

When we hold to principles and demand that others follow them, we become, the Abrahamic traditions assert, idolaters who mistake the finite for the infinite.  What is more destructive is when our faiths are coopted by finite political positions.  It is then that we lose the prophetic edge and become conformed to the fractious world of political wrangling.

Reinhold Neibuhr once stated that we need to recognize the truth in our neighbor’s falsehood and the falsehood in our truth.  Accordingly, a faith-influenced politics is not only principle-inspired but humble in orientation.  Perhaps, we don’t need more religion but a different kind of religious approach to political life today.   Anytime I hear a politician use the word “principles,” I substitute the word “inflexible position” or “idolatry.”  There is a great problem with having principles, if we don’t criticize and relativize them.  Without criticism and humility, principles lead to polarization and demonization in our body politic.  Government grinds to a standstill when politicians would rather default on loans than compromise or put the nation into debt because they have principles against raising taxes on those who benefit from our government, the wealthiest 1%.  Compromise has become a dirty word, when, in fact, healthy relationships of all kinds involve trusting the good faith of those with whom you disagree and finding ways to work together for the common good.

We need more of a different kind of religion, not a religion that encourages political and economic apocalypse because of abstract principles but one that is based on humility, recognition of the partiality of our viewpoints, and our proneness to see the world in black and white and good and evil, assuming we are good and our opponents are evil.

I am Christian and thus I will only advise my fellow Christians about the role of religion in politics.  But, it seems to me that Christians need to remember a few things, both positive and negative in political involvement:

  • The reality of sin means you could be wrong.
  • God’s graceful love means your opponent could be right!
  • Confession is important for nations as well as individuals.
  • Our enemies and political opponents are God’s beloved children.
  • Christian faith has nothing to do with lower taxes, tax breaks for the wealthy, or the American empire.

Stated positively, those who claim to be Christians and take scripture seriously had best ponder these words addressed in the political arena.  After all, the Hebraic prophets were speaking to nations, and usually the wealthy, not the impoverished and dispossessed.

  • What does God require of you, but to do justice, love mercy, and walk humbly

with your God? (Micah 6:8)

  • Let justice roll down like waters and righteousness like an ever-flowing stream. (Amos 5:24)
  • Those who trample on the needy and bring ruin to the poor of the land….will experience a famine of hearing the word of God. (Amos 8:2, 11-14)

And, Jesus proclaimed to the nations, not just individuals, a word of warning.  God is present in the least of these and governments will be held accountable for their care of the vulnerable:

Then he will say to those at his left hand, ‘You that are accursed, depart from me into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels; 42for I was hungry and you gave me no food, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink, 43I was a stranger and you did not welcome me, naked and you did not give me clothing, sick and in prison and you did not visit me.’ 44Then they also will answer, ‘Lord, when was it that we saw you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did not take care of you?’ 45Then he will answer them, ‘Truly I tell you, just as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to me.

At one level, we are all “the least of these.”  We all need grace from one another even in the political area.  But, those who claim to be Christian need to secure a politics of compassion and a safety net large enough for everyone, even if this means higher taxes and a realignment of the budget.  We need to be responsible and that means paying our debts and working toward a balanced budget.  But, more than that, we need to be compassionate in the political arena and to those who most need our care.

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About Bruce Epperly

Bruce Epperly is a theologian, spiritual guide, and Pastor of South Congregational United Church of Christ, Centerville (Cape Cod), Massachusetts. He is the author of twenty five books, including Process Theology: A Guide to the Perplexed, Philippians: An Interactive Bible Study,The Center is Everywhere: Celtic Spirituality for the Postmodern Age, and Emerging Process: Adventurous Theology for a Missional Church. He also writes regularly for the Process and Faith lectionary. He has served as chaplain, professor, and administrator at Georgetown University, Lancaster Theological Seminary, Wesley School of Theology, and Claremont School of Theology. He may be reached at for lectures, workshops, and retreats. His latest book is Healing Marks: Healing and Spirituality in Mark’s Gospel (Energion).

  • Frank

    Anyone concerned about justice , compassion and the “least of these” could not possibly support a party that has abortion on demand as a platform. There is no justice nor compassion over killing the most innocent ” least of these.”

  • Feste Ainoriba

    Egalitarianism IS the state religion, the government is actively interfering with our moral and legal rights to disposition our time, energy, talents in accordance with our own individual conscience and forcing us to support and sustain broken philosophies, corrupt cultural practices, irresponsible behavior.

    This isn’t charity – true charity enobles the giver and receiver by lovingly guiding the recipient into principles and beliefs that produce the fruits of prosperity. Both the giver and receiver are ennobled by an act of love received in gratitude and deference.

    The government, thru compulsion, destroys charity, replaced gratitude with a sense of entitlement, reinforces bad behavior, de-incentivizes virtuous living, and promotes poverty. The government has no legitimate authority for social engineering, social programs, and means-tested benefits – the moment it ventured into this moral terrain, it breeched the separation of church and state and became, instead of the legitimate role of protector of liberty, an enemy of liberty: trampling the Constitution and undermining civilization.

    Yes, I have an obligation to lift my fellowman, but this is a moral obligation derived from my obligations to God. It is not, nor ever should it be a legal obligation imposed by the state by enshrining egalitarian moral philosophy in law. It is very clear under the most rudimentary rational and objective analysis that such violates the so-called separation of church and state clause in the first amendment.

    The repugnant idea held by some that liberty is the right to compel others to share the fruits of their virtue with those who refuse to follow virtue’s path is the very spirit of slavery and the essential philosophy of criminal behavior. This is the wellspring at the heart of the modern “progressive” movement that has consumed the democratic party like a cancer. Socialism is a criminal philosophy and those who espouse it are wittingly or witlessly members of a criminal enterprise.

    Aside from a Constitutional issue, there is a quite pragmatic one as well: Any social obligation that we have is a religious obligation – the state cannot legitimately interfere in this domain, and when it does it will ironically exacerbate the very conditions that it thinks to fix. Socialists would have us accept the absurd proposition that the cure for the ills caused by socialism is to further socialize our political and economic institutions. It doesn’t take an intellectual giant to realize that by forcing the virtuous to share the fruit of their labors with those who refuse to walk in virtue’s paths, that we have incentivized and proliferated bad behavior and decentivized and undermined the good. Why would anyone be surprised that the war on poverty has grown the ranks of the impoverished, uneducated, undisciplined, slothful and criminal? It seems to take a ivy league education to find ways to rationalize and ignore this obvious truth.