India’s capital New Delhi has seen it all. Kings born, killed and thriving, traitors selling away the nation, poets of incredible eminence write and share their best works, pacifists and the most violent call it their home. Over the last many centuries the city has expanded beyond what was the core of Delhi – the Old Delhi area. The New Delhi with expanse on the West and South, where the refugees from partition came and trans-Yamuna area on the East with migrants from UP and other states.
Unlike Mumbai, Delhi had a lot of land around it and so the metropolis kept expanding. So has the pollution and network in and around Delhi. It is as if the smog and pollutants from core didn’t have a way to go away since they were ambushed by more of it all from all the sides. Instead of going down, it has all increased.
Over the past decades, Delhi has done a lot to combat pollution – CNG based public transport and Delhi Metro. Just the Delhi Metro – which connects Delhi to the nearby suburbs as well – has helped reduce pollution levels by taking nearly 4 lakh vehicles off the roads, cut annual fuel consumption by 2.76 lakh tonne and reduced pollutants by 5.8 lakh tonne a year (source).
With over 47 million people, the National Capital Region (NCR) – with core as Delhi – is India’s largest and one of the world’s largest agglomeration of population. Jus t this area generates almost 7.5% of India’s total GDP! Apart from Delhi the NCR comprises cities from 3 nearby states. Three sub-regions – apart from Delhi sub region – combine to form the NCR: Haryana (13 districts): Faridabad, Gurgaon, Mewat, Rohtak, Sonepat, Rewari, Jhajjar, Panipat, Palwal, Mahendragarh (Narnaul), Bhiwani, Jind and Karnal; Uttar Pradesh (7 districts): Meerut, Ghaziabad, Bulandshahr, Gautam Budh Nagar, Baghpat, Hapur, Muzaffarnagar; and Rajasthan (2 districts): Alwar & Bharatpur.
Like Tata Motors madeofgreat campaign, Delhi is one city that is truly “made of great”. Although due to its greatness, it has had to suffer the cost of its own success as a diverse home to everyone who cared to call it his or her own. In the coming years, if the governments can put aside their petty political ambitions and prejudices and focus on growth and well-being, then Delhi and the surrounding NCR could truly be one of the greatest urban expanse in the world!