This Passover, Ask Your Seder Guests to Name Today’s Ten Plagues

This Passover, Ask Your Seder Guests to Name Today’s Ten Plagues March 27, 2018

Ten Plagues of Egypt - The second plague - The plague of frogsEvery Passover, Jews recite the ten plagues that led to the deliverance of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt. This year, however, it is not enough to dot our plates with the ten symbolic drops of wine and move on. In the most Jewish of traditions, we must wrestle modern-day meaning from our ritual.

This year, as we witness the daily barrage of alarming afflictions across our landscape, why don’t we challenge our Seder guests to draw present-day parallels to the plagues visited upon the land of Pharaoh? By analogizing the ancient plagues to the ills all around us, we renew the Haggadah’s relevance in our generation and rouse ourselves to help fulfill the promise of freedom that this holiday represents.

Many creative Haggadot that have sprung up in recent years provide contemporary connections for us, but let’s go further in these troubled times by coming up with our own ideas. To start the Seder table conversation, consider the following examples:


The Biblical plague of blood in the Nile can stand for today’s rampant xenophobia against groups outside our own bloodlines. As the current debate over immigration rages between those who would welcome the stranger and those who would deport the stranger, let us recall the central narrative of Passover: “You shall not wrong nor oppress a stranger, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt” (Exodus 22:20).


Let’s use the Biblical plague of frogs to symbolize those in the highest levels of government who leapfrog over the truth when it is in their own political or financial interests to do so. As we are fed a daily diet of falsehoods and attacks on the free press, may we hold fast to the Ninth Commandment’s insistence on the truth: “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor” (Exodus 20:13).


The Biblical plague of lice can serve as a reminder that anyone who mocks people with disabilities is a louse. As lawmakers propose budgets that strip away vital protections for those with disabilities, let us take a cue from one of the most compelling of all Torah verses: “You shall not curse the deaf, nor put a stumbling block before the blind” (Leviticus 19:14).


The Biblical plague of beasts can motivate us to oppose beastly bullying. In tweets, at rallies, and everywhere else, let us reject coarse and destructive intimidation in favor of constructive civil discourse. It couldn’t be clearer than this fundamental precept: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself” (Leviticus 19:18).

Cattle Disease

The Biblical plague of cattle disease can prod us to support programs providing food assistance for millions of food-insecure Americans. Let us take to heart the Passover Seder’s timeless call to action: “Let all who are hungry come and eat.”


It is only too easy to associate the Biblical plague of boils with the repeated efforts to shrink affordable healthcare options for the downtrodden. Let us make real the Haggadah’s follow-up charge: “Let all who are in need share the hope of Passover.”


It takes little imagination to connect the Biblical plague of hail to the reality of climate change in our era. While we alone cannot solve the problem of global warming, we are neither free to ignore scientific evidence nor free to assume that our actions do not matter to the planet: “You are not obligated to complete the work, but neither are you free to desist from it” (Pirkei Avot 2:21).


Let’s draw on the Biblical plague of locusts to represent the swarm of sexual harassment, abuse, and assault throughout our society. No longer can we tolerate those who victimize their fellow human beings. Hillel said it best: “What is hateful to you, do not do to your neighbor. That is the whole Torah; the rest is just commentary” (Talmud Shabbat 31a).


The Biblical plague of darkness can stand for the darkness of homophobia, racism, sexism, anti-Semitism, and all other forms of prejudice and discrimination. Stirring us to embrace tolerance and love over bigotry and hate, Hillel shined a light with this famous question: “If I am only for myself, what am I?” (Pirkei Avot 1:14).

Death of the Firstborn

The Biblical death of the firstborn can bring to mind the death of the thousands upon thousands of victims of gun violence. We must express outrage at lawmakers who yield to the gun lobby, for the Torah teaches, “Do not stand idly by while your neighbor’s blood is shed” (Leviticus 19:16). If we do not vote out those who lack the moral backbone to enact strong gun control laws, then the only liturgy left to quote will be the Mourner’s Kaddish.

These are just examples. Encourage your guests to identify plagues in our midst. Then charge everyone to go forth from that Seder, as we have done from generation to generation, to strive for a future in which the plagues belong to the past.

Jan Zauzmer, a graduate of Princeton University and Stanford Law School, is a past president of a large and vibrant Reform Jewish congregation and an internal communications specialist. She can be reached at and followed on Twitter at @JanZauzmer.

Image: Close-up from “The plague of frogs.” Colored etching. Wellcome Library, London. Published: [1775-1779] available under Creative Commons Attribution only license CC BY 4.0

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